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Haida, The First Nations of the Pacific Northwest Coast
Transcript of Haida, The First Nations of the Pacific Northwest Coast
-Near the Pacific Ocean Landforms - High rocky mountains, plateaus, narrow inlets, and swift rivers Climate The climate ranged from mild to warm temperatures -moderate to heavy precipitation -Lots of rain occurred -snow fall happens at times from 10-70cm Vegetation -Lots of extreme plant life (mostly cedar trees) Plant & Animal life Plant life........ -Lots of tree's like: Sitka spruce, western red cedar, shore pine, Western hemlock, mountain hemlock & red alder
-Were mostly cedar tree's -There were common flowers too Animal life......... Transportation Map Famous People - Kung Jaadee is famous singer, drummer & storyteller of Haida
- Bill Reid is a famous artist/ sculptress of the Haida Bibliography Quiz Time Food Shelter Clothing Ceremonies Weapons Trade Recreation The Haida had lots of time to do art since they had food close by in the ocean Religious Beliefs - Lived in either plank houses or longhouses - Homes had totem poles for the protection of the family living there from evil spirits -Roof is pitched or downward sloping -Usually one fire pit, no windows, one opening at the top of the roof to let smoke rise up -Houses were made from cedar wood - One building tool of theirs was a maulet (which was a hammer for them) Plank House - Mostly used canoes
- Canoe makers were highly skilled
- Carved single cedar trees to make canoes
- Each canoe could fit 50-60 people
- Decorated canoes
- Decorations looked like animals for their protection. 1. Why did the Haida have masks and totem poles with faces of animals on them? 2. Where did the Haida live?
3. What was there main food resource?
4. What did they have on their canoes?
5. Why did they have pot latches?
BONUS Had shamans
Shamans could be male or female
Male shamans helped with war and trade
Female shamans helped with illness and childbirth
Ravens rattles helped connect to the spirit world
Had mortuary poles -Trading was a Haida tradition.
-Traded whale oil since they had lots of it being right by the
-Traded dentalia (seashells) and otter pelts
-Two villages get together to trade - Helmets were designed to look like animals - At war wore helmets and thick war coats.
- Used bows, arrows, snares, daggers, and they would connect heavy stones to ropes.
- Haida replaced bow and arrows with firearms in the early 19th century
-Weapons were used at war or when hunting. Haida items were often decorated with spiritual images and crests The Haida made music with drums, rattles, and used their own voices Haida made totem poles - Mostly fished
- Fished salmon, halibut, cod, smelt. herring, whales and seals
- Used basket traps, rakes, weirs, hooks, lines and spears to fish
- Hunted deer, elk, moose, clams and beavers
- Gathered cranberries, huckleberries, roots, bird eggs and snails Basket Trap Bird Eggs Huckleberries - Covered themselves with capes made from ceder bark, elk skin)
- Decorated capes with fringes
- Men wore leggings (to cover their legs)
- Women wore skirts
- Clothing made from cedar bark
- Hats made from roots of spruce trees
- In winter people wore moccasins, summer walked barefoot Hat Moccasin Chief wearing headdress Seal Helmet Canoe Dentalia Otter Pelts Totem Pole Pot latches were held to inform and to celebrate
Occurred during wedding, deaths
Indicates wealth and social status of the clan
Totem poles raised to establish territorial rights
Entertained by music, dancing and storytelling
Presents were given such as; beaver pelts and food - Animals life included; tail deer, racoons, hare, buffalo, caribou, moose
- Many birds like geese and ducks
- Lots of fish and aquatic animals since they were very close to the Pacific Ocean Interesting Facts Historical tribal areas of the northwest indians are shown, present-day, borders of the united states and Canada
In the northwest tribes, chiefs often visited neighboring tribes for trading
Haida indians played the hand game and it is still just like they played before
Tlingit dancers wore colorful dresses for pot latches
The Haida carved totem poles and many are still standing till this date
The Haida whenever remembered are mostly remembered for their art Haida drum *Totem poles long wooden poles with animals carved on them "Civilization.ca - Haida - Northern Villages - Masset." Haida - Northern Villages. Web. 15 Dec. 2012.
"First Nations Art of the Pacific Northwest Coast ÃÂ»." Spirit Wrestler Gallery (Vancouver, Canada) Representing Northwest Coast, Inuit and Maori Artists. Web. 21 Dec. 2012.
"Haida Art." Wikistange -. Web. 15 Dec. 2012.
"Haida Sun Stickers." At Zazzle.ca. Web. 13 Dec. 2012.
"History of the Haida First Nation." History of the Haida First Nation. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.
"Kung Jaadee â Roberta KennedyHaida Storyteller." Kung Jaadee (Roberta Kennedy), Haida Storyteller. Web. 21 Dec. 2012.
"Le MusÃ©e Virtuel Du Canada." MusÃ©e Virtuel Du Canada (MVC). Web. 20 Dec. 2012.
Nault, Jennifer. The Haida. Calgary: Weigl Educational, 2008. Print.
"Showcase." Limited Edition Prints. Web. 14 Dec. 2012.
Smithyman, Kathryn, and Bobbie Kalman. Nations of the Northwest Coast. New York: Crabtree Pub., 2004. Print.
"Spanish Earthworks and Entrenchments at El Caney." Educational Technology Clearinghouse. Web. 18 Dec. 2012.
"Totem Pole." Educational Technology Clearinghouse. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. Jewellery - Carved designs into shells and bones
- Wore jewelery on wrists or necks
- Made headband form bone and decorated them with berry pigments Additional Historical Facts
1774- Haida was visited by a Spanish explorer Juan Perez in his ship, "Santino".
1787- George Dixon, a British fur trader name Haida "The Queen Charlotte Island".
1851- Europeans cam to Haida to obtain gold.
1880- Many ships from England cam to trade with Haida
1884- Changes to the Indian act stopped potlatches until 1951.
1901- Because of diseases like smallpox, the population of Haida decreased to 800.
1919- The first known archaeological excavation takes place on Haida Gwaii.
2005- The Haida nations and its neighbors block roads and shut down forestry mills on Haida. They did this to protect the forests in their area from being shut down. Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands) By: Gurleen, Saundarai, Keerthana, Rasmeen, Karen and Mugdah,