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Intellectual Disabilities

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Natasha Menard

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Intellectual Disabilities

When a person has certain limitations in mental functioning such as communicating, taking care of themselves and social skills.
Children with ID will have difficulty learning. It will take them longer to learn something new.
What is an Intellectual Disability?
Fragile X Syndrome
Examples of an Intellectual Disability
Fragile X Syndrome
Down Syndrome
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Angelman Syndrome
Emily, Gessyca, Melissa, Natasha
Intellectual Disability
. Fragile X Syndrome is a genetic condition that causes a range of developmental problems including learning disabilities and cognitive impairment.
. People who are affected by Fragile X usually have delayed speech and language development by age 2.
. Children with Fragile X may also have anxiety and hyperactive behavior such as fidgeting and impulsive actions.
. This is more common in males than in females.
. Fragile X Syndrome occurs in about 1 in 4,000 males and 1 in 8,000 females.
. Some physical features include large ears, long face, flat feet, and double jointed fingers.
Down Syndrome
Down syndrome is also known as Trisonomy-21 (there are three chromosome 21 present, meaning, overall 47 chromosomes rather than the typical 46).
Down syndrome is one of the most typically associated syndromes with intellectual disabilities.
Not all children who have Down syndrome have the same abilities, there are different ways to assist the families and child throughout their life.
Approximately every 1 in 733 babies born i the U.S. have Down syndrome and 80% of those children are born to mothers under the age of 35.
There are over 50 characteristics of Down syndrome, it is extremely rare to find all of the characteristics in one child.
Some characteristics include:
Slanting eyes with folds of skin in the corner of the eye
Short, low-set ears
Psychical and intellectual development is much slower then their peers.
Resources Available to a Child and Family with Down Syndrome
National Down Syndrome Society
National Down Syndrome Congress
Helpline through NDSS
Global Down Syndrome Foundation
IFSP and IEP under IDEA
IFSP - Early intervention from birth to age 3
IEP - From age 3 to day before 22 birthday
Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS)
Shaken Baby Syndrome is also referred to as Abusive Head Trauma (AHT).
SBS is caused by when a baby is shaken with such force that the neck rolls around uncomfortably because the child does not have full control of their head yet.
The majority of these victims are under 1 year old, but can go up to age 5.
1 out of 4 children die due to Shaken Baby Syndrome.
Approximately 60% of children victimized by SBS are male, and 65-90% of all cases have perpetrators who are male.
All cases are 100% preventable.
While in the worst cases, the children succumb to their injuries, but those who survive often have:
Intellectual disabilities
Partial or total blindness
Hearing loss
Resources Available to Children and Families with Shaken Baby Syndrome

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