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LÉLEK ÉS T/HUMANISZTIKUS

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Csaba Szummer

on 15 September 2017

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Transcript of LÉLEK ÉS T/HUMANISZTIKUS


Encounter movement and the American Counter-culture


Humanistic psychology as a "hippie psychology"

1959: Maslow started a mailing list
(Allport, Rogers, Paul Goodman, Fromm, Rollo May, Huxley, Tillich, Lewis Mumford etc.)
175 people: they would become the core of the humanistic psychology
(1908-1970)

(1902-1987)
Maslow - theoretical background
Rogers - he comes from the counselling practice
Carl Rogers and the encounter-movement
A T-csoportoktól az encounter-csoportokig
Kurt Lewin, T-csoport
kezdetben szociológiai, pedagógiai hangsúly
az 50-es évektől egyre inkább pszichológiai
a csoportokban megjelennek a freudista terapeuták
Encounter-group
"sine morbo" members of the group
successfull people
inner conclicts and uncertainty
the group as an oasis of interpersonal relations
special rules of play
UTOPIAN AIMS
pure and sensual
free, creative, spontaneous life
spiritual, religious profoundness
repressions and constrains are unnecessary
Esalen: the intellectual epicentre of the counter culture
1962: Esalen
Richard Price and Michael Murphy
Commercialisation of the counter culture (Martin Doorman)
vogue, fashion
cool behaviour
free sexuality (soft porno, hard porno)
marijuana
new ideas
new ways of life
transformation of the personality
Esalen: a workshop of the innovations in human relations
THE END OF THE COUNTER CULTURE, 1973-73
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL REASONS
1968: political homicides, Martin Luther King, Robert Kennedy
1969: the murders of Charles Manson's band
1970: mass protests against the Cambodian war
1971-72: protests of the students
1974: the Watergate-scandal
Tom Wolfe, 1976: The Me-Decade and the Third Great Awakening
cca 1963-1973
Woodstock/Montana, 1969
the corruption of the counter culture
HUMANISTIC
PSYCHOLOGY
Anthropology
human beings are free, spontaneus
they are searching for the meaning of life
motivation: to achieve higher aims like self-actualisation, spiritual experiences etc.
The American
Counter-culture

Novells
Kerouac: On the Road (1957)
Salinger: Catcher in the Rye (1956)
Heller: Catch of 22 (1962),
Kesey: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1961)
Aldous Huxley: Island (1962)
Berkeley, 1964
Hair, 1967
WOODSTOCK, 1969
The "FLOWER POWER" movement as a spiritual awakening
"Jesus People
Moral and easthetical values
peace
love
sensuality
music
hippik, 1969, 1 ezrelék
Refusing
consumer society
authority
technics
pollution of environment
war (Vietnam, Cambodia)
Students
Civil rigths
Intellectual precursors in the
50-ies and 60-ies
Social sciences
C. W. Mills: sociology
T. Adorno (1950): social psychology
E. Fromm, H. Marcuse: The Frankfurt School
ROLLO MAY
IRVIN YALOM
www.encounter.hu
Pécs, 2017.július 13-19
THE HUNGARIAN ENCOUNTER
MOVEMENT
Cross Cultural Communication workshop
Pécs, 2017, 13-20, July
encounter.hu
New level in the late sixties
Vision of the world
pure
brave
authentical
naiv utopism
messianism
a tudomány által dominált modern társadalom visszataszító, lélektelen és represszív

Schutz, Perls
The moral crisis of the counter culture


PSYCHEDELICS - THE ARE EXCEPTIONS
PSYCHOLOGY
Virginia Satir
, James Hillman,
Rollo May,
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
,
Maslow, Rogers, B. F. Skinner
Ronald Laing
, B. Rhine (parapsychology)
Stanislav Grof
, Fritz Perls, Will Schutz
ARTISTS, SCIENTISTS
Paul Tillich, Gregory Bateson
Huxley, Leary, John C. Lilly
Humphry Osmond, Albert Hofmann
Linus Pauling, Richard Feynman
Alan Watts, Huston Smith
, Fritjof Capra, Deepak Chopra, Carlos Castaneda,
Ken Kesey, Ray Bradbury, Ginsberg
Jerry Rubin, Terence McKenna.
ESALEN: THE CREAM
OF THE COUNTER CULTURE
Moral and esthetical values
spirituality
psychedelics
the love and respect of nature
USA in the beginning of the 60-ies
economical boom
nivelling incomes
mass university education
big social mobility
civil rights movements (blacks)
student movements
unpopular war in Vietnam
ELLENKULTÚRA
SZÜLETIK
Two controversial group therapists
William Schutz
Fritz Perls
Sit ins (occupation
of the universities)
Facebook:
Nyitott Encounter Klub
A MAGYAR
ENCOUNTER-MOZGALOM

A vital link:
www.tinyURL.com/SZUMMER
1

MASLOW
two ways of teaching

Monographies:
The Freudian Language Game (1993)
Freud, or the Myth of Modernity (2014)
Psychedelics and Spirituality (2015)
LSD and Other "Magic Drugs" (2016)
Publishing soon: Freud and the Country of the Rising Sun (The Reception of Psychoanalysis in Japan)

Practical activity
Cross Cultural Communication Group (www.encounter.hu)
encounter counsellor and group facilitator

Csaba Szummer
KGU of the Reformed Church in Hungary
Faculty of Humanities
Institute of Psychology
Department of Social and Intercultural Psychology
Head of Department, Associate Professor

WORKS
cca 100 articles, 4 monographies, coeditor of 3 books
Journal of Psychedelic Studies, manager editor
Psychologia Hungarica Caroliensis, editor-in-chief
RESEARCH TOPICS, RESEARCH FIELD
the context of history of ideas of psychology and psychoanalysis
the epistemological problems of psychology and psychoanalysis
the cultural, philosophical and psychological aspects of psychedelics

Two ways of learning: it's our choice
Compilations, readers:
Philosophers on Freud and Psychoanalysis (Co-editor: Ferenc Erős
By the Mirror (Co-editors: Anita Czeglédy and Enikő Sepsi)
Language, Culture, Identity (Co-editors: Anita Czeglédy and Enikő Sepsi)
G. Allport (1955): The Prejudice
Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre: French existential philosophy
HIPPIE MOVEMENT
the single mass movement
of the last century, where the
seeking of religious experiences
played a central role
TOM WOLFE: THE ME-DECADE AND THE THIRD
GREAT AWAKENING, 1976
hippies were cool
hippies were religious
conclusion: the be religious was cool
in the 70-ies the rural hippie communes transformed
COMPONENTS OF THE NEW RELIGIOUS SENSITIVITY
traditional American individual religious concepts
Eastern religions: buddhism and hinduism
psychedelic substances: LSD, psylocibin, mescaline
THE FOREFATHERS OF THE
HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY
Maslow, 1943
Rogers, 1947
Rollo May, in the 50-ies
Historical events
Rogers-Skinner debate, 1957
a mail list, 1959
the break trough in the beginning
of the 60-ies
NEW THEORY OF MOTIVATION
OLD THEORY - DEFFICIENCY NEEDS
hunger
sexuality
safety
to be loved
NEW THEORY - EXISTENTIAL NEEDS
freedom, meaning
self-actualisation, creativity
altruism
religious experience
emotional atmosphere
temporal dimension
hierarchy

relation
means to change
methodology
medicalisation
FREUD
neutral
focus on the past
asimmetry

objective
interpretation
scientistic
diagnoses
ROGERS
unconditional positive regard
focus on the here and now
simmetry

personal
positive regard
phenomenological
avoiding diagnoses
CHARACTERISTICS
THE THIRD POWER OF PSYCHOLOGY
an alternative to psychoanalysis and
behaviorism
the human being is free, autonomous, undetermined
CONNECTION WITH THE COUNTER-CULTURE
humanistic psychology offers a scientific base
offers an anthropology for the counter-culture
(1902-1987)
"1910 decemberében, vagy akkortájt valamikor az emberi természet átalakult."
(Virginia Woolf)

a 20. század elejére az 1800-as évek elejének romantikus mozgalma által képviselt értékrend a nyugati magas értelmiség köreiben elterjedt
History of ideas
VIRGINIA WOOLF
CHARLES
TAYLOR
NÉMET
ROMANTIKA
NOVALIS
SCHILLER
FR. SCHLEGEL
fél évszázaddal később az ellenkultúrával ez az értékrend jut el a széles tömegekhez
1910 decemberében, vagy akkortájt valamikor az emberi természet átalakult."
(Virginia Woolf)
Wandervogel
-mozgalom
AUTHENTICITY
to find our unique individuality
to express the emotions
self-actualisation
to rebell against the society

www.tinyurl.com/szummer1
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GROUPS
Kurt Lewin, T-groups
in the 50-ies: interpersonal relations
Freudian therapists in the groups
clinical application
application in non-clinical context
THE RADICALISATION OF ESALEN
in the mid 60-ies changing of the atmosphere
nude baths, drogs, psychedelic session
nude groups, marathon groups etc.
The Gestalt Prayer of Fritz Perls
"I do my thing and you do your thing.
I am not in this world to live up to your expectations, And you are not in this world to live up to mine.
You are you, and I am I, and if by chance we find each other, it's beautiful.
If not, it can't be helped."
MUSICIANS
Bod Dylan, Joan Baez
Ravi Shankar, George Harrison
Santana
little Woodstock
they are the shields of projections
fears and hopes
ECONOMICAL REASONS
1973: oil crisis, OPEC
staglation
the unequalities of incomes increased
,
NEOCONSERVATIVE BOOM
the counter culture became unpopular
1976: Jimmy Carter
1980, 1984: Ronald Reagen
the culture of narcissism

THE PERMANENT EFFECT OF
THE COUNTER CULTURE
new values in the American society
to be cool, free, spontaneous
accepting the rights of the minorities
NEW VALUES
critics of consumption and alienation
protection of the environment
empathy and sensitivity
democracy in the micro institutions
NEW HABITS OF BEHAVIOR
sexual behavior
organic foods
reception of the Eastern religions
cultural and religious diversity
refusing the paternalist attitudes
Full transcript