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Top 10 facts for The Boy in the Striped Pajamas
Transcript of Top 10 facts for The Boy in the Striped Pajamas
Out-With the concentration camp within the story, is actually pronounced Auschwitz, which is a German Nazi death camp that was divided into 3 parts and a total of 48 camps. These 3 parts are called: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II–Birkenau, Auschwitz III–Monowitz. There were also a total of 45 other satellite camps within the premises. Auschwitz Birkenau was the centre of the killings of European Jews during the Holocaust of WWII, the camp was experimenting on ill prisoners by gassing them with Zyklon-B (1941), which led to the mass murders. These mass murders were directly ordered from the Fury himself (Adolf Hitler), however jews were not the only people that were gassed to death in these chambers, but also Soviet POWs, Gypsies, prisoners of war (all nationalities), including children under the age of 15 were massively murdered. . Auschwitz concentration camp is now considered based off of the horrific events taken place there, a gate to hell. The total death toll was 1,000,000 jews and other prisoners.
The commander in chief for the longest time at Auschwitz was Rudolf Hoss who was a Nazi and an SS soldier, that was appointed to be commander for the concentration camp on the western border of Poland. Rudolf Hoss first joined into the Nazi military in 1922, then in 1934, he became an SS soldier. It wasn't 'till 1940 on May 1st that he obtained control of Auschwitz under the order of Adolf Hitler. After time in command, he began testing on ways to perfect the killings and disposing of the bodies. His results led to him burning the dead bodies. This is what he stated "Technically [it] wasn't so hard—it would not have been hard to exterminate even greater numbers.... The killing itself took the least time. You could dispose of 2,000 head in half an hour, but it was the burning that took all the time. The killing was easy; you didn't even need guards to drive them into the chambers; they just went in expecting to take showers and, instead of water, we turned on poison gas. The whole thing went very quickly".
During Bruno's story, the time in the beginning was 1942, then later changed into 1943, meaning that in 1939, Bruno was approximately 5-6 years old. In the same year, Germany and other countries had officially declared war as the public including children cheered for Hitler and his idea of ridding the Jews. In total, Bruno's account for not knowing Hitler or the Fury of his country and the terms for "Nazi" and "Jew", doesn't add up. Meaning that in his Kindergarten years he would have been walking through the streets of burning rubble of Jewish owned buildings in Berlin, Germany. Also during 1939, the Germans and other nationalities had first started to launch their attacks against one another.
Heinrich Himmler was the chief of German police in the reich ministry of the interior and was Reichsführer of the SS Protection Squadron. He was also known for giving orders in Auschwitz concentration camp, and on behalf of Hitler, he built the extermination camps. This led to him ordering the extermination of about 6,000,000 Jews, 200,000-500,000 Romani people, and countless other victims. He did not however, act on active military combat service, instead he had studied agronomy in college. After failing to achieve his assignments by Hitler, and communicating with the western allies for peace, he was relieved of all of his duties. He was soon arrested and detained by the British in 1945, while in their custody, he had committed suicide.
Zyklon-B is a pesticide based off of a cyanide base and was invented in Germany during WWII. The chemicals used to make it are hydrogen cyanide, one of seven different adsorbments such as diatomaceous earth, and a warning eye irritant. The chemical is famous for being in the gas chambers during WWII for the Holocaust, to kill the Jews and other prisoners.
Auschwitz I or Stammlager was the main camp controlled by SS soldiers and was a network of a German Nazi extermination/concentration camps. The camp was originally designed to hold Polish prisoners that started to arrive in 1940. This camp was also the idea to be the solution to the so called "Jew Problem", which resulted in the death of many people before and during the Holocaust. There were many officers that had perfected the ability to torture and kill the inmates. Also, during the course of the war the camp had 7,000 German members from SS soldiers.
In the story Shmuel is a 9 ear-old Jewish child that works at Out-With or known in real life as Auschwitz. However, in history records, it shows that only people 15 and up were allowed to work, while the younger were killed on sight by multiple ways, including torture, being gassed, and etc. Also Shmuel has a patch with the numbers 38451, but in real life the numbers were tattooed onto the person and they didn't have to wear any bands or badges to show they were Jewish. In the end of the book Shmuel was supposed to be executed in a gas chamber as they did in Auschwitz, and Bruno had got caught up in the incident. After the people were killed the Nazis and SS soldiers incinerated the bodies, even in the movie Bruno's mother had noticed the smell (In The Movie), and to cover it up Bruno's father had said that trash was being burned in the camp.
Dr. Josef Mengele and other Doctors at Auschwitz had accomplished many torturous events on Jews and other prisoners of war. The doctors had done many experiments on the people in the camp, one such doctor was Joseph Mengele also known as the "Angel of Death" did such acts on inhumane experiments. He experimented on twins especially to see how they would react. He performed and succeeded in doing sex change operations and incestuous impregnations, as well as injecting chemicals and giving blood transfusions to the twins. After his many experiments were completed he killed his patients/experimental toys (people). After his escape, he and his notes remained in South America, however 40 years after WWII only a few of the twins were alive and his notes were never found. Ironically, the twins who remain remember him as a gentle caring fatherly figure.
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Made by Kyle Dimoff
Sources: Wikipedia, and TheGuardian.com, and Aushwitz.org
Auschwitz was made of 3 main camps, they were Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, and Auschwitz III-Monowitz, within this concentration camp there were 45 other satellite camps. Monowitz was used as a sub-camp and was established in 1942 by the SS soldiers, that held 12,000 jews and war prisoners. Originally this camp was built as an Arbeitslager (work camp) and had a labor education camp for non-jewish prisoners that were not up to par with German work standards. Near Monowitz was another camp called Bobrek, that used the prisoners to benefit from slave labor, while the prisoners were leased out by the SS to the IG Farben to labor at Buna Werke, which is a collection of chemical factories that made synthetic rubber and oil.
Auschwitz II or Birkenau was established on October 8 1941 as an extermination camp, and included a camp for new arrivals where they would be put to labor elsewhere, Gypsie camp, Family camp, and a camp for their plundered goods, several gas chambers (filled with Zyklon-B chemical gas) and a crematorium. There are 2.1 million- 2.5 million deaths from the gas chambers and about 330,000 deaths from other causes. In April 1940 Rudolph Hoss was appointed to be commander in chief for the concentration camp. Then on April 27, Himmler ordered the construction of the Birkenau on a Silesian town. After the first transport of prisoners, the population soon gained and developed, while earning a reputation for mass murders and torture. Then on March 1941, Himmler visited and commanded an enlargement to 30,000, then to 100,000 inmates, making the camp be 4 km. from the main camp.
Later Dates: 1942- Female Camp established in Birkenau, 1943- Gypsie Camp established in Birkenau.