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Population & Settlement: The 1st Occupants

Population of the Aboriginal populations before European contact
by

John Panetta

on 4 September 2016

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Transcript of Population & Settlement: The 1st Occupants

Population & Settlement
French Regime
1608-1759

First Occupants
1500s

British Regime
1760-1867

Contemporary Period
1867-Present

Key Vocabulary Terminology
1. Demographic
Demos is ancient Greek for people
a measurement or chart
a measure of the population
- Total size
- Average Age
- Population Density
2. Settlement
How people adapt to the environment
How people alter the environment
3. Population Movements
Immigration
Emigration
Migration
for this class: population movements within the territory
M
I
S
S
atriarchy
roquois
edentary
outh
P
A
N
N
atriarchy
lgonquian
omadic
orth
Fortin, S., Ladouceur, M., Larose, S., & Rose, F. (2009).
Panoramas. Montreal: Graficor.

Charette, J., Daniel, M., Dujardin, L. and Vigneault, P. (2009). A Question of History. Anjou: CEC.

The Maliseet adopted a nomadic lifestyle due to climate
Trade networks
barter of goods
routes along rivers
Horguelin, C., Ladouceur, M., Lord, F. and Rose, F. (2011).
Panoramas. Montreal: Graficor.

Whichever term we use it is important to note that they did not originate from North America
So, where did they come from?
Two theories of migration
1. Land Bridge Theory
2. The Sea Route Theory
walked across the Bering Strait
during the last ice age
based on archeological evidence
sailed across the pacific
at different times throughout history
Based on genetic analysis
BUT...
they can not be proven in an experiment
The first occupants adapted to the climate & geography
1. Eskimo-Aluet (Inuit)
2. Algonquian
3. Iroquois
Algonquian
Iroquois
Inuit
Lived a nomadic lifestyle
moved around
they followed their food source
lived in seal-skin tents and igloos
Patriarchal societies
male dominated
Nomadic Lifestyle
hunted

gathered berries
Patriarchal societies
Lived in Wigwams
Women are vital for survival!
Sedentary Organization
society is based on agriculture
Matriarchal societies
Remember the trick?
Full transcript