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The Unification of Egypt

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Tyler Urquhart

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of The Unification of Egypt

The Unification of Egypt Changes in society Divided Kingd ms Upper Egypt Lower Egypt Upper Egypt was called the "Red Land" because of the sun dried deserts Lower Egypt was called the " Black Land" because of it's dark and rich soil Upper Egypt Lower Egypt Trading centers between the two kingdoms were set up because Upper Egypt was mainly desert, which made it hard to maintain a food supply The Unification of Egypt was achieved by King Narmer around 3,150 BC King Narmer conquered Lower Egypt, and appointed himself as pharoah A unifier was not only a political leader, but also a religious leader King Narmer Born in 3180 BC Was not the first to attempt to unify Egypt, but was the first to succeed in it 1st Egyptian Phar oah Although he was considered the first pharaoh at the time, now researchers argue that he was the last pre-dynastic king as opposed to the first pharoah He was the founder of the capital, Memphis, on the west side of the Nile river King Narmer died in 3,120 BC His cause of death is unspecified His remains were mummified after his death -/* King ruled for the gods and as a god At the time, people thought that Narmer was the scorpion king of Upper Egypt or a mythological god Tax collection systems Things that were established official year numbering Taking census Hieroglyphics Religion Theology Mythology Religion All these became more sophisticated and important during Narmer's rule Narmers conquer of Lower Egypt enlightened their religion because they thought of him as a god Towns Divided into 42 administrative parts called nomes Nomarchs ruled Nomens and whose positions were hereditary Economical and political institutions became subject to royal authority The unification of Egypt was as important of an event in Egyptian history as the creation of the universe TEST QUESTIONS Why was Upper Egypt in Southern Egypt, and Lower Egypt in Northern Egypt? How did Narmer change aspects of daily life? What 2 things became more important for the Egyptians after Egypt became unified? Works Cited Source 1- http://voices.yahoo.com/the-unification-egypt-3150-bc-making-first-3307062.html Source 2 - Egypt: A Country Study. Helen Chapin Metz, ed. Washington, DC: Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, 1990. Source 3- http://www.anciv.info/ancient-egypt/unification-of-egypt-and-the-early-dynastic-period.html Source 4-
http://www.nndb.com/people/540/000163051/ source 5- Knapp, A. The History and Culture of Ancient Western Asia and Egypt. Wadsworth: Belmont California,1988.Print. by Tyler Urquhart
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