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Horses

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by

Kaitlyn Bedell

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Horses

By: Dalton Smith, Taylor Harrington, and Kaitlyn Bedell A Brief Review of Horses Horses Quiz Tall so they can reach leaves on trees when grass is scarce

Hooves make it easier on the sensitive frogs

Long tails to swat flies

Eyes allow them to see all sides of their bodies to protect themselves from predators

Large, sensitive ears to be aware of strange sounds Special Adaptations Some common horse diseases are:
Arthritis
Colic
Degenerative Joint Disease
Equine Anemia
Laminitis Hoof Condition
Rhinovirus
Ring Bone Disease Background/History Classification Related Species Major Breeds Anatomy Physiology General Care/Maintenance Habitat Handling Health Considerations Nutritional Needs Reproductive Traits Special Needs Concerns Fun Facts There is never a set cost to
raising a horse or pony.

Feed prices can change based on
where you live and weather.

Every horse at least needs their
hooves trimmed and the occasional
vet check.

Prices for these may also vary depending
on your location and other things such as
the price of gas.

Some horses will need to have their teeth
checked and have dental work done.

You will also need things like halters,
brushes, combs, hoof picks, bridles,
and saddles, among many others. Horses have been
domesticated for around 6,000
years

Humans have trained them to fit their
needs, such as draft horses, racing horses,
quarter horses, gaited horses, etc.

Horses were first domesticated in Southern
Russia by the Indo-Iranians and Celts.

Horses began to develop in North America,
however they became extinct here after the spread
of civilization.

They were first brought back to North America by
the Spaniards in the 16th century.

Once they were re-introduced, the Native
Americans began to use them for transportation.

Since then, horses, especially Wild Mustangs,
have become a staple of the United States. Kingdom: Animalia (all
animals)

Phylum: Chordata (animals
with a backbone)

Class: Mammalia
(warm-blooded, live young
suckled by dam) Order: Perissodactyla
(non-ruminant, hoofed
animals)

Family: Equidae

Genus: Equus (horses,
donkeys, zebras)

Species: caballus (longer
mane and tail, larger
hooves, more arched
neck, smaller head,
shorter ears) American Saddlebred: average
height is 15-16 hands

Andalusian: average height is 15.1-15.3
hands

Appaloosa: average height is 14.2-15.2
hands

Friesian: average height is 15-16 hands

Gypsy Vanner: average height is 13-15
hands

Miniature: average height is 9.2 hands
and under

Missouri Fox Trotter: average
height is 14-16 hands Morgans: average height is
14-15 hands

Wild Mustangs

Palomino Horses

Ponies: average height is under 14.2
hands

Paso Finos: average height is 13-15.2
hands

Quarter Horses

Shires: average height is 17
hands

Thoroughbreds: average height
is 16 hands Horses prefer to have wide-open
spaces and lots of grass around
them

Tend to avoid small, closed in spaces

If kept on pasture, they need to have
access to shelter from the elements

Around 3 acres of pasture for one horse

Fences should be built so as to prevent
the horses from sticking their heads or
legs through

Small pens should be built from
pipe, not wire Never aproach a horse straight
on

Always approach from an angle
between the head and shoulder so as
not to spook the horse

If two or more people are grooming a
horse at the same time, they should
both be on the same side so they can
safely move out of the way if the
horse is spooked

Be calm and quiet around horses

Never wrap lead ropes or reins
around your body parts

Never stand directly
behind a horse When caring for a horse,
it is important to care for
every part of its body

Horses would benefit greatly from
daily hoof care (picking the hooves)

It is also necessary to brush horses
daily

Bristle brushes are used to keep dust
off, curry combs are to remove
shedding hair, and regular
hairbrushes can be used for manes
and tails

Be sure you are feeding your
horse the proper feeds

Do a daily health inspection
to insure your horse is
healthy All horses have different
nutritional needs

It is important to discuss with your
veterinarian what the best feed plan
would be for your horse

Young, highly energetic horses will
need a hotter diet than older horses

Some horses do better on different
types of hay

The amount of grain you want to
feed your horse will depend on
the horse and what type of hay
you are feeding it Horses usually breed in the
late spring, summer, and early
fall to insure the foal is born in
the spring

The gestation period for horses is
11 months

Foals are fully developed when they
are born

This means they can stand
within 15-25 minutes after
birth and be running with the
herd the next day

Mares like to foal in hidden
areas to protect their
newborn foals All horses are different
and therefore have
different needs

The best way to figure out
what your horses needs are
is to get an overall
examination done by your
vet Horses require a lot of time,
money, and calmness

Be sure that you are prepared before you
decide to get a horse

Know your horses needs and pay attention to
the little things so that you can tell when there
is something wrong

If you get a horse and cannot care for it properly,
there some organizations that could help you
care for it or find it a better home There are about 75
million horses in the
world

Horses' hooves grow
approximately 0.25 in a month

In the state of Arizona, it is
illegal for people to walk
through a hotel lobby wearing
their spurs

Arabians have one less rib,
one less lumbar bone, and
one or two fewer tail
vertebrae than other
horses 7.1 million Americans
are involved in the
industry as horse owners

A horse typically sleeps two
and half to three hours a day

Horses younger than 4 years
can concentrate for a maximum
of 10-15 minutes

A horse’s heart weighs nine
pounds

The left side of a horse is
called the “near side” and
the right side is the “off
side” Donkeys Zebras
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