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Engineering of the Shedd Aquarium

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Joe M

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Engineering of the Shedd Aquarium


Objectives
Present an overview of the Shedd Aquarium's history, features, and overall layout

Show how Shedd utilizes the necessary engineering components to have and maintain a thriving aquarium

Demonstrate the practicality and real world applications of the labs done in class in relation to a large-scale aquarium
About the Shedd:
Location
Chicago, Illinois, on the Lake Michigan waterfront

Part of Museum Campus in Chicago, surrounded by the Adler Planetarium and the Field Museum of Natural History
About the Shedd:
History
Named after businessman John G. Shedd, who donated $3,000,000 to have the aquarium built

Building began on November 2, 1927, and the aquarium officially opened on May 30, 1930
Animals
Granddad
Engineering of the Shedd Aquarium
William Finck
Joseph Mandara
John Schneider
Matthew Whitley

2 April 2014
Honors Freshman Engineering Clinic II - Section 6
Professor Mallouk

Interesting Facts
Engineering Features:
Water Production
Engineering Features:
Aquatic Life Transportation
Engineering Features:
Energy Conservation
Engineering Features:
Energy Conservation
Engineering Features:
Architecture
Class Applications
Standard Exhibits:
Waters of the World
Standard Exhibits:
The Caribbean Reef
Standard Exhibits:
Amazon Rising
Standard Exhibits:
Polar Play Zone
Standard Exhibits:
One World
Special Exhibits:
Jellies
Seawater was shipped by rail from Florida for the grand opening exhibits and continued until 1970

Now makes its own seawater using synthetic chemicals and produces around 3 million gallons each year for its exhibits
Mixes “Instant Ocean” into 11,000 gallon batches of dechlorinated Chicago tap water
Used the Nautilus, a $40,000 custom train car, in order to transport fish.

Carried 4,500 gallons of water and was fitted with tanks, pumps, air compressors, electric refrigeration coils, and steam heat
Soybeans were liquified and used to cover the aquarium’s roof in an effort to reduce energy consumption and pollution, and save money
First soybean roof in Illinois
Coating is non-toxic, non-polluting, flame-resistant, and waterproof

Save in utility fees and decrease the amount of energy needed for the air-conditioning system
More than $200,000
95,000 kilowatt hours
Began a solar project in Fall 2013 to install solar panels on the roof of the Abbott Oceanarium
Goal = cut energy consumption in half by 2020

Help bring Shedd closer to its goal of saving 10 million kilowatt hours each year
Designed by Graham, Anderson, Probst, & White architectural firm after classical Greek structures

Main building is octagonal with a dome roof

Finished in 1930, it cost just $3.25 million - to build it again today it would cost over $225 million!
Visitors have the opportunity to explore various bodies of water from all around the world

From coral reefs and bays, to the deep sea and oceans, this is Shedd's most diverse exhibit

One of the largest displays of ocean life in America, featuring frogs, a giant octopus, a blue iguana, sea stars
360-degree walk around tank that features divers interacting with animals and viewers

Circulates 90,000 gallons of seawater per hour

Marine animals
Green sea turtles, moray eels, sharks, stingrays
8,600 square-foot walk-through flooded forest recreation of the Amazon River basin

Contains 250 different species, such as piranhas, snakes, iguanas, tarantula
Child play zone with touch tank exhibits, submarine themed play area, and penguin themed slide

Contains penguins and other species from the arctic and antarctic

Location of aquarium’s popular restaurant Deep Ocean Café
Impressive aquatic show with animals who receive special extensive training

Features sea lions, dolphins, and beluga whales, as well as three recently rescued dogs
Features many different species of jellyfish

Due to large interest and popular demand the exhibit has lived past its original expiration date
Created in 1998 to display the work of Project Seahorse

Closed in 2003 but popularity led to the permanent establishment of Seahorses and Seadragons in 2005
Different water quality parameters for different environments
Temperature
Salinity
Dissolved oxygen

Aquariums need constant attention and testing done to keep them operational/functioning properly
Received “best exhibit” awards from the Association of Zoos and Aquariums for Seahorse Symphony in 1999, Amazon Rising in 2001, and Wild Reef in 2004

First inland aquarium with a permanent saltwater collection

Was the largest indoor aquarium until the Georgia Aquarium was built

Several of the sea otters that lived in The Abbott Oceanarium in the past were rescued from the
Exxon-Valdez
oil spill in 1989
References:

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/history.html

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/jellies.html

http://chicago.cbslocal.com/top-lists/2012-guide-to-the-shedd-aquarium/

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/pdf/publicrelations/Fast_Facts.pdf

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/539374/Shedd-Aquarium

http://www.aviewoncities.com/chicago/sheddaquarium.htm

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/pdf/publicrelations/fs_sheddfastfacts.pdf

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/pdf/publicrelations/fs_sheddoverview.pdf

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/pdf/publicrelations/Oceanarium.pdf

http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2002-12-12/news/0212120271_1_shark-tank-aquarium-building-shedd-aquarium

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/pdf/publicrelations/EAC1401_2014_Impact_Summary_FINAL.pdf

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/3224.html

http://news.medill.northwestern.edu/chicago/news.aspx?id=64889

http://www3.illinois.gov/PressReleases/ShowPressRelease.cfm?SubjectID=2&RecNum=11651

http://www.sheddaquarium.org/pdf/publicrelations/One_World_release_FINAL(1).pdf
World’s largest indoor marine-mammal pavilion (3 million gallons)

Largest tank - Whale Harbour - is 2 million gallons

Contains animals from the Pacific Northwest coastal environment

Beluga whales, sea otters, penguins, white-sided dolphins
Standard Exhibits:
The Abbott Oceanarium
400,000 gallon Philippine coral reef

26 interconnected habitats

“The 25 sharks”
Standard Exhibits:
Wild Reef
Past Exhibits:
Seahorse Symphony
Special Exhibits:
Stingray Touch
Seasonal exhibit which is open from May through October

20,000 gallon outdoor exhibit

Exhibit allows guests to touch rays as they swim around the tank environment
Australian lungfish at aquarium since 1933

At least 81 with high probability of being older

Has survived longer than any aquarium fish in the world
More than 20,000 specimens of fish
More than 1,500 species of fish

Houses about 32,000 animals total
Sea otters, penguins, fish, sharks, seals, whales, frogs
General Information
Hours:
Monday - Friday: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm
Saturday - Sunday: 9:00 am – 6:00 pm

Phone: (312) 939-2438

Admission:
Children:$25.95
Adults: $34.95
Questions?
Full transcript