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The Industrial Revoultion
Transcript of The Industrial Revoultion
February 25, 2013 Cecelia Monnin
February 25, 2013 Took place in the 18th and 19th centuries. Rural societies in Europe and American became industrial and urban during this revolution. Prior to this, manufacturing was done in homes with small hand tools or basic machines. The iron and textile along with the making of steam engines played big roles in the industrial revolution. Those industries also improved systems of transportation, communication, and banking. Industrialization brought a increased amount and variety of manufactured products. Industrialization made factories shift to powered specialized machinerie and factories produced more mass production. It improved living quarters for some, but also resulted in bad employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes. The Industrial Revolution Citation Intro Video "Industrial Revolution." History. A & E Television Networks . Web. 14 Feb 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution>;. citations for intro to prezi Inventions and Inventors James Watt 1st Steam Engine 1775 Eli Whitney Cotton Gin 1793, 1798 Robert Fulton Samuel F. B. Morse Elias Howe Steam boat service 1807 Telegraph 1836 sewing machine 1844 Isaac Singer improves sewing machine 1851 Cyrus Field Transatlantic cable 1866 Alexander Graham Bell Telephone 1876 Thomas Edison Phonograph + light bulb 1877, 1879 Inventions and Inventors Nikola Telsa Electric Motor 1888 Rudolf
Diesel Diesel motor 1892 Orville and Wilbur Wright First Airplane 1903 Henry
Ford Model T Ford 1908 Continued... Citation Citation ALL, HISTORIES. Turning Points in History- the Industrial Revolution. 2009. Video. YouTubeWeb. 14 Feb 2013. < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Efq-aNBkvc>;. some pictures...
of the inventors and inventions james watt Cotton Gin
(Eli Whitney) Robert Fulton cause... Before the industrial revolution, the system used to make things was known as the cottage industry- in this industry cloth was made in the village, and people made their own food and grains on their farms. Most work was done in the house where families worked together while merchants went from cottage to cottage bringing workers raw wool and cotton. The workers would use hand powered spinning wheels and looms to spin the cotton and wool into cloth. telegraph Elias Howe Samuel F. B. Morse (steam engine) (Steam boat service) (Sowing Machine) Improved sowing machine (Isaac Singer) Invention and inventors continued... Cyrus Field Transatlantic Cable Alexander Graham Bell
(Telephone) Thomas Edison light bulb Electric Motor (Nikola Telsa) Rudolf Diesel (Diesel Engine) Orville and Wilbur Wright (First Airplane) Henry Ford (Model T Ford) AFTER Child Workers light bulb
phonograph Thomas Edison Industrial Revolution
part 1 and 2 the 1st Industrial Revolution 2nd Industrial Revolution Brain Pop The First Industrial Revolution began in England in the late 18th century, when James Watt created the steam engine.
The industrial revolution was focused on the manufacturing of textiles, the cloth was needed by almost everyone. Early textiles were produced by a “cottage industry” system in which the factor would provide raw cotton and oversee the work of the production. Individual families, usually farm wives and daughters would do the spinning, dyeing, weaving and more. For the first time, goods from American could be shipped directly to the Atlantic. Being able to ship products great distances transformed the nature of economic activity in the United States. The transportation revolution opened up new markets for farmers and bankers who could now bring cotton in the Mississippi River Valley, wheat in the Midwest, and manufactured goods in upstate New York into a global market.The expansion of the railroad reduced the amount of time and money it took to move heavy goods. The federal government actively participated in this growth by promoting industrial and agricultural development. The rapid growth of factory production, mining, and railroad construction all boosted the new industrial economy. By 1913, the United States produced one-third of the world’s industrial out put–more than the total of Great Britain, France, and Germany combined. Between 1870 and 1920, almost 11 million Americans moved from farm to city, and another 25 million immigrants arrived from overseas. By 1920, for the first time in American history, the census revealed more people lived in cities than on farms. Telegraph lines and railroad lines worked together as telegraph polls dotted the distance of railroad lines. http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/industrialrevolution/ citations for pictures James Watt. 2012. Soylent communicationsWeb. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.nndb.com/people/531/000050381/>;.
Whitney Cotton Gin. N.d. n.p. Web. 17 Feb 2013. <http://americanenterprise.si.edu/portfolio/whitney-cotton-gin-courtroom-model-1800/>;.
Robert Fulton. 2013. WikipediaWeb. 17 Feb 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Fulton>;.
Smith, Kelly. How did the original isaac sewing machine work. N.d. eHowWeb. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/facts_7255053_did-singer-sewing-machines-work_.html>;.
Free, Myles. Thomas Edison. N.d. PMPAWeb. 17 Feb 2013. <http://pmpaspeakingofprecision.com/2011/02/11/thomas-edison-164-years-and-what-do-you-get/ >.
Nikola Telsa. N.d. Telsa Memorial Society Of New YorkWeb. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.teslasociety.com/hall_of_fame.htm>;.
Orville and Wilbur Wright. 2013. Civil Air Patrol National HeadquartersWeb. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.capmembers.com/cadet_programs/drug_demand_reduction/resources/famous_fliers/orville-and-wilbur-wright/ >.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Ford citations pictures citations Industrial Revolution Project. N.d. Senior EaglesWeb. 19 Feb 2013. <http://senioreagles.wikispaces.com/Industrial Revolution Invention Project>. citation citation before picture http://dhss.alaska.gov/gcdse/Pages/history/html_content_main.aspx vocab INDUSTRIALISM- economic system in which people rely more on the use of machinery, and technology than on animal or human power. ( pg 725)
TEXTILE- woven or knit cloth (pg 726)
CAPITAL- Money available for investment in business (pg 726)
PARTNERSHIP- business owned by two or more people who agree to share the profits and losses (pg 728)
CORPORATION- business organization that is allowed to own property and sell shares to investors in order to raise money (pg 728) citation Timeline Robert Fulton
builds steam boat Alexander Graham Bell
invents telephone 1876 1903 1769 James watt
improves steam engine 1807 Wright Brothers
make first airplane citation "first industrial revolution." United States history. N.p.. Web. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h283.html >. "second industrial revolution- 1870, 1914." history scene. US HISTORY SCENE, 27 february 2012. Web. 17 Feb 2013. <http://www.ushistoryscene.com/uncategorized/secondindustrialrevolution/ >. Important people JAMES HARGREAVES- Invented a spinning jenny that could spin cotton into thread very quickly.
RICHARD ARKWRIGHT- Developed a way to power a spinning machine with water.
EDMUND CARTWRIGHT- Created a new powered loom. This machine could weave the thread into cloth as fast as the new spinning machines produced it.
JAMES WATT- Designed a steam engine that could power the new machines. Steam soon replaced water as the major source as power.
ROBERT FULTON- An American inventor, developed a boat powered by a steam engine.
MICHAEL FARADAY- Discovered that a magnet moving through a coil of copper wire produced an electric current. Within 40 years this discovery led to the invention of electric generators.
THOMAS EDISON- Developed the lightbulb, which used electricity to create light. Later on this led to the founding in the first power plants. citation The industrial revolution began in Britain. British landowners we allowed to fence off their farmland. Before, villagers had to rent the land and work in strips by family to get cotton.
Large areas could grow the same crop which led to more harvest better profits. Often the land was used for a pasture for sheep and the wool from the sheep was sent to the textile industry. With the extra money that landowners were making some chose to invest in business. Money invested in a business is called capital. Investing in new industries allowed business to grow. After the laws of enclosure were passed many families decided to move into the city to work in other industries seeing as they no longer could farm without land. In the 1700's Britain’s population grew dramatically. Healthier food meant healthier, longer living people that could produce more children. More people also provided more jobs in the factories. Additionally Britain had many natural resources that helped to provide for all these new industrial changes. Coal replaced wood for running machines. Iron was used in making buildings and machines. Rivers also provided for the earliest cotton mills. Many inventors lived in Britain; some of the first major breakthroughs came from James Hargreaves, Richard Arkwright, Edmund Arkwright, and James watt. Coal mining also became a major industry in result. Factories played a big role in the industrial revolution. Machines became too big and heavy for homes so they needed a place to put them. Factories brought machines and workers together under managers. As the revolution began, companies changed their ways. They reorganized their companies to raise money to make big machines and factories. One way to do this was to form a partnership. Another way was to form a corporation. Building corporations allowed the business owners to build large factories with hundreds of workers. New forms of transportation also led to industrial growth. Robert Fulton (an American inventor) developed a boat powered by steam engine. Locomotives powered by steam engine soon could carry products faster and cheaper than any other kind of transportation. Britain’s industrial revolution spread to France, Germany, and the USA. Britain made so much money that they decided to help out other countries. They built railroads and factories to get the revolution spreading. The revolution spread across the seas and made its way to the US where the same thing happened. Inventors invented, workers worked on factories, and children, women and men all came to the cities to work in factories. In 1831 Michael Faraday invention the electric generators. That inspired Thomas Edison to invent the light bulb which used electricity to make light. Major breakthroughs also occurred in transportation. The car and the airplane were created. Later Orville and Wilbur Wright took the first airplane ride, in North Carolina, in history. people working in their house instead of kids going to school
they were forced to work Spielvogel, Jackson. Journey Across Time.
Columbus OH: McGrawHill,
2008 "Industrial revolution Inventors." About .com. American Histry. Web. 19 Feb 2013. <http://americanhistory.about.com/library/charts/blchartindrev.htm>. Spielvogel, Jackson. Journey Across Time.
Columbus OH: McGrawHill,
2008 Spielvogel, Jackson. Journey Across Time.
Columbus OH: McGrawHill,
2008 cause continued The merchants then picked up the finished product (wool and cotton) and went to the markets to sell it. They made so much money off this product they looked for ways to make cloth and wool, better and faster. This led to later inventions of spinning Jennys. EFFECT Spielvogel, Jackson. Journey Across Time.
Columbus OH: McGrawHill,