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Transcript of Salah
Allah (SWT) made it easy for the traveler. They have the option of shortening their prayers (Qasr):
Fajr can't be shortened (only 2 rakah)
Dhuhr and Asr can be combined, two rakah each.
Maghrib (3 rakah) and Ishaa (2 rakah) can be combined
Note: the sunnah prayers aren't necessary.
Make-up Prayers (Qadaa)
If you miss a prayer, you must make it up as soon as possible, but do it during the non-makrooh times.Makrooh means "disliked", and in this case, refers to the timings when it is NOT preferred to pray (i.e. after fajr athaan (for salah other than fajr), exactly midday, between asr and maghrib). When performing Qadaa, one must pray only the fard.
Steps of Prayer
Being in the state of Wudu
Being of sane state of mind
Must be facing the qibla
Being in a pure state (bodily and cloth-wise)
Clean prayer area
Women: Cover up from head to toe
Men: cover up from at least navel to knee
History of Prayer
Prayer was the first act of ibaadah (worship) assigned to the Muslims. The Prophet (SAW) was called to heavens on the Isra al-Miraj (night journey), and told that he was assigned to tell his ummah that they were to pray fifty times every single day. On his way back, he encountered Musa (AS), who asked him how many times a day his ummah was asked to worship. When Rasoolullah (SAW) responded, Musa (AS) told him to go back to Allah (SWT) and ask him for a reduction in the amount of prayers. He went back, and Allah (SWT) reduced it by five, to forty-five per day. This continued to happen until the amount of prayers was reduced to five.
Salah, or prayer, is an essential part of our lives as Muslims. In prayer, we worship the one and only god, Allah (swt), and we do so five times a day, at different times of the day. It is one of the five pillars of Islam, the pillar after the testimony of faith. We must not neglect prayer.
Prayer is a gift from Allah because it is a chance to come closer to him and talk to him five times a day. It helps us remove our sins and purify ourselves. It is very important to remember that prayer is not just random exercises; prayer is a way of communicating with the Almighty.
History of the Athaan
As the Muslim community began to grow, so did the need for a call to prayer. Rasoolullah (SA) asked his companions for suggestions, and they suggested things like ringing a bell, sounding a bugle, or lighting a fire. The Prophet (SA) decided against these because they were ideas of other faiths. One of the companions in that gathering, Abdullah bin Zaid, went home and dreamt of a man teaching him the words for the call to prayer, known as the athaan. After he woke up, he went to the Prophet (SA) and told him the dream. The Prophet (SA) replied, “This was a true dream.” He then told him to teach these blessed words to another companion, Bilal (RA), for he had a beautiful voice. Umar ibn al Khattab (RA) also had the same dream.
The meaning of Wudhu is “ablution”; it's basically the washing of the body parts that are needed to touch the prayer rug during Salah. It is not just a physical cleansing, but also a spiritual cleansing. It also mentally prepares you for your prayer. Without proper wudhu, prayer is not accepted
wash your face (1 time)
wash your hands and arms to the elbows (1 time)
do mash (1 time)
wash both feet to the ankles (1 time)
Steps of Wudhu
Make the intention
Wash both hands up to the wrists three times
Rinse your mouth three times
Snuff water up your nose and blow it out three times
Wash your face three times
Wash your arms up to the elbows three times
Wipe your head and both ears and then the neck (masah)
Wash both feet to the ankles three times
Fulfill all the prerequisites of prayer
Make the intention of praying
Throughout the whole prayer, you should look at the floor where you will prostrate
Read the opening invocation, Surah Fatiha, and any other Surah
Say "Allahu Akbar" and bend down with your hands on your knees and your back striaight (Rukoo')
Say "Subhana Rabi al-'Adheem" three times
Say "SamiAllah Huliman Hamida" and "Rabbana Walakal Hamd"
Say "Allahu Akbar" and go down into prostration (sajdah or sujood)
In prostration, your forehead, nose, hands, knees, and toes should be on the floor.
Say "Subhana Rabi al-A'laa" three times
Say "Allahu Akbar" and sit with your left leg under you and the other to the side
Say "Allahu Akbar" and do prostration once more, repeating the same words
Say "Allahu Akbar' and stand up again
Repeat these steps until you come to the second or final rakaat (one portion of prayer encompassing one cycle of these steps)
Remain sitting and recite the Tashahud and the Durood (jalsa al-akheerah)
Turn to your right shoulder and say "Assalmu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah". Turn towards your left shoulder and repeat the same thing
Mistakes in Prayer
If you make a mistake in prayer, you must perform Sajdah as-Sahoo:
Turn to your right shoulder and say "Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah"
Do not turn to your left shoulder but go down into prostration and say "Subhana Rabi al-A'laa three times
Sit up and then repeat the prostration
Sit up after the second prostration and say "Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah" as you turn to each shoulder
Coming Late to Prayer in Jama'ah
Jama'ah prayer is when Muslims pray together in congregation. If you come late to prayer after the Imam (one who leads the prayer) has already gone into Rukoo, join him. After the Imam says Tasleem, stand up and perform as many rakaats as you have missed. If the imam is in the first ruku and you join before he gets up, you dont need to make up the rakah.
Actions that Invalidate your Wudhu
Having bowel movement
Sleeping while lying down
This is the prayer before sunrise.
It must be prayed before dawn and before the rays of the sun are all visible. The time typically varies with season.
Two rakat fard and two rakat sunnah are prayed.
This is the noon prayer.
It must be prayed after the sun passes its zenith, or highest point in the sky
Two or four rakat sunnah, four rakat fard, and two or four rakat sunnah are prayed.
This is the afternoon prayer.
It must be prayed after Zuhr and it is makrooh to pray after it until Maghrib
Four rakat sunnah and four rakah fard are prayed
This is the prayer after sunset.
It must be prayed when the sun has set in the sky
Three rakah fard and two rakah sunnah are prayed
This is the night prayer.
It must be performed at night (when it is completely dark)
Four rakah fard, two rakah sunnah and three rakah wajib al witr are prayed.
When water is 7 kilometers or more away, or for medical reasons one cannot use water for wudhu, tayammum may be performed. To do tayammum, you use dust to perform the faraa'id of wudu.
In the Quran, there are fourteen ayats after which you must make sajdah
When you finish reading that ayah, you must make the intention of performing sajda at Tilawah and go into sajda.
It's important that it's performed as soon as possible.
To perform Sajdah Tilawat:
Stand facing the Qiblah and make the intention
Say "Allahu Akbar", go down into prostration, and recite the necessary lines
Say "Allahu Akbar" and sit up.
The prayers of Eid
Witr prayer after Isha
Two rakaats prayed with Tawaaf
Rakaat before and after Fard
This is a prostration in which one shows thankfulness to Allah (SWT). It is done like Sajdah Tilawat
Salaat-ul-Istikharah: the prayer of guidance
Salaat-ul-Istisqa': prayer for rain
Salaat-ul-Kusf: prayer during an eclipse
Salaat-ul-Khusuf: also for eclipse
Salaat-at-Tawbah: prayer for repentance
Surah Mudathir 40-43
Those in the gardens will question about the criminals, and ask them, "What lead you to Hell?" And they will say, "We are not among those who prayed."
By: Sarah Syed, Rizvi, Maleeha Rasheed, and Maryam Ahmad