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SOC 1001 - Chapter 2
Transcript of SOC 1001 - Chapter 2
Nonscientific Sources of Knowledge
Avoid subjectivity your bias and opinions
Four Major Nonscientific Sources
Feeling or Immediate Understanding
Not associated with rational thought
Widely held views
Incorrect or Wrong
Objectivity - Needed
Causation – Predictable
One event leads to another
When taking an exam, there are some students that zip through the questions, finish early and turn in their paper while other students cling to their exams and work frantically when the instructor announces time is up.
Will the ones who finish first or last receive the highest score?
Create a positive and negative correlation
Experiment –- Quantitative Research
Surveys & Questionnaires
Naturalistic Observation and Setting
Understanding routine behaviors
Expectations of roles
Reliability and Validity
Reliability – consistency of scores or observations
Validity – is the scientist measuring the intended variable.
Knowledge of the Nature of Study
Provide documentation of results
Define the IV
Define the DV
Select a population
Use random selection
Use random assignment
Create the experiment