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Nicole Shoaf

on 20 May 2010

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Transcript of Estonia

Estonia Estonia on the Map Estonia is in north eastern Europe. It is located south of Finland and north of Latvia. Estonia borders the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea. Leib is one of the most common foods that Estonians eat. Leib is black rye bread. Estonians don’t consider that they are “eating bread with their meat”, they say that they are “eating meat with their bread”. Instead of "bon appétit" Estonians say "jätku leiba", which means “may your bread last. Another common food is Pannkoogid. This is Estonian for pancakes. Pancakes are eaten with jelly, ice cream, syrup, butter, or just plain. Thin pancakes, or crepes, are also very common. Crepes are eaten with sugar, jelly, ice cream, or plain. The 1917 Russian revolution created the opportunity for Estonia to gain its independence. This was because Russia was weak at the time. On 8 April 1917, 40,000 people held a demonstration in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in support of Estonian independence. Soon after, the six-member Provisional National Council, the Maapäev, was formed. The Maapäev appointed a national executive that started to organize the government. The Maapäev elected a three-member Salvation Committee (Päästekomitee), which proclaimed Estonia and independent and democratic republic on February, 24, 1918. The Estonian Constituent Assembly elections were held on 34 February 1918. The parties that supported the idea of national independence gained two-thirds of the popular vote. After declaring its independence, Estonia was forced to fight a war of independence against Soviet Russia and German forces. During this war, Estonia secured its borders and signed the Tartu Peace Treaty with Soviet Russia on 2 February 1920. Town Hall Newly Built Freedom Cross (This is the darkest it gets in Estonia, this is probably around 3am.) As of 2008, there were approximatly 1,340,675 Estonians. This picture was taken of the crowd at Laulupidu. Laulupidu Estonian laulupidu is a large song festival held once every four years. It is part of a weekend long event that includes a large parade and tantsupidu, or dance festival. Laulupidu is held at the Tallin Song Festival Grounds immediatly after the parade. One day includes festive songs and singing, while the other is a concert of patriotic esembles. The exciting event begins when a runner grabs a torch of fire and journeys up a 13 story building. He raises the torch after he reaches each new level. At the top, he throws the torch into a large goblet, igniting a large flame. This symbolizes the openning, and lasts until the event is over. Tantsupidu Tantsupidu is another part of the weekend long event. Tantsupidu stands for dance festival. Tantsupidu has a different theme every time. Last year's theme was sailors going to sea. The dancers expressed the men leaving their wives, and waves sinking the ship. Unlike Laulupidu, this is the same performance each day. Tantsupidu is the first part of the weekend, then the parade takes place, and finally the song festival. The parade is the only thing that does not happen again. Estonian Mythology Taara is the most important god of the Estonians. He is a sky god and is the Osilian god of war. Taara is the high god. His sacred tree is the Oak. Vanejumi is a fertility god; he makes grain grow, flowers blossom & women have children. Pikne is the God of Thunder.

Maaema is Mother Earth. Haldjas is an elf or fairy who protects area, animals, and plant species. Ilo is the host of feasts. Taara Haldjas The most common religion in Estonia is Evangelical Lutheranism. Orthodox Christianity is the second largest faith, followed by Baptist, Methodist and Roman Catholic. This is the Russian Church located in Old Town, Tallinn, Estonia The main language of Estonia is Estonian (67.3%) followed by Russian (29.7%). The most common of the other 109 languages are those of Ukrainian, Belarussian, Finnish, Latvian and Lithuanian. The most common sports in Estonia are cricket, badminton, football, ice hockey, and tennis. Estonia has gained fame by many olympic winnings in various categories. Because Estonia is a small country, it is important to get money through tourism. The main attraction of Estonia is Old Town, Tallinn, where tourists can shop antique stores and explore ancient buildings while they walk on cobblestone streets. Another great attraction is Pärnu, Estonia which is Estonia's relaxing, beach front, resort town. It has a beach that is so graduated, you can walk a half mile before getting waist deep! Resort in Pärnu Being right on the coastline, Tallinn (the capitol of Estonia) is a major import/export town. It is only 30 minutes flying distance across from Helsinki, the capitol of Finland. Tallinn Shipyard Estonia is run by a Parliamentary democracy. This means that the party with the greatest representation in pariliament runs the country with a Prime Minister as overall leader. Estonia uses the Kroon as its money. The kroon's value is 10:1 verses US dollars. Estonia is very flat with a few mountains, it also has many trees and forests. Estonia averages 62.8°F in July (the warmest month) to 18 °F in February (the coldest month. The average amount of rain in Estonia is 21.1 to 28.6 in. of rain. The Eesti lipp, or Estoniain flag, is three colors, black, white and blue. Or must, valge, sinine. Estonia has its own flag song, but this is not the national anthem. The blue stripe represents faith, loyalty and devotion. It also stands for the sky, sea, and lakes. The black symbolizes the suffering of the Estonian people and the black jacket of the traditional Estonian peasant. The white represents striving towards enlightenment and virtue, hope and freedom. This picture was taken of the flag on top of Pika Hermanni, a large stone circular building locate in Old Town. This picture is of a more rural Estonian Area Here is a picture of downtown Tallinn. As you can see, they also have very many modern technological advanced buildings. The capitol of Estonia is Tallinn, with 398,000, but the secondmost populated and important city is Tartu (101,000). Narva is the third most populated with 68,000 people. Another inmportant city is Parnu (45,000) because of its very important tourist income. <- Parnu is about here Now you know all about Estonia! Thanks for watching my presentation, hope you liked it!
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