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Transcript of qrm2012
how these are evaluated varies, but they must always be addressed Qualitative research methodology Why do you need to study
research methodology? What is the difference between
journalism, activism, development work Someone do something! Let’s find out what it is we need to do. Through systematic production of knowledge What do I want to do? To understand To predict To emancipate To deconstruct Aims, methods, and concepts of natural sciences can be applied to social sciences
Reality is knowable and observable
We can come up with laws that are universal and with which we can govern behaviour
There are facts that are value-free and objective Researcher’s relation to practice: Interpret / describe practice, sometimes negotiate or transform
Aim of research is to describe
- Cultural characteristics, individual’s meaning making / experiences
- Values and beliefs
- Socially construct views of a phenomenon
- The essence of a phenomenon/participant’s life worlds
Or to understand historically and cyclically participants’ experiences or a phenomenon in question Researcher’s relation to practice: change and transform
Researcher is active, political
Aim of research is to address inequities in order to promote change
Central features: all theories are seen as perspectival, interest towards operations of power, political and ideological interest research's relation to practice is to deconstruct, transform and rebuild practice
researcher is active, involved, constructive and political
aim of research is to DECONSTRUCT AND RE-CREATE grand narratives, binaries and stable structures, colonial practices, sociopolitical discourses
key characteristics include the deconstruction of traditional commitments to truth, objectivity and neutrality What kind of knowledge am I looking for? the world exists as an objective entity, outside of the mind of the observer, and in principle it is knowable in its entirety.
the task of the researcher is to describe and analyse this reality. reality is objective (external to human minds)
but it is only imperfectly knowable.
there is a real material world but our knowledge is often socially conditioned and subject to reinterpretation. reality is objective but it is the human mind that puts order into it. since human beings are 'meaningful' actors we must discover the meanings that motivate their actions rather than the universal laws external to the actors. human behaviour is always filtered by the subjective understandings of external reality. knowing the reality is therefore impossible. objective knowledge is impossible. OBJECTIVISM, REALISM OBJECTIVISM, CRITICAL REALISM OBJECTIVISM AND SUBJECTIVISM SUBJECTIVISM Positivism Experiments,
"natural methods" Humanist,
Phenomenological-hermeneutic epistemology, ontology research
Constructivism Critical theory
Radical humanist Feminism
critical theories Postmodernism,
Post-structuralism post-colonial, postmodern, posthumanist reliability trustworthiness whether we are studying what we think we are studying and whether the measures we use are consistent validity, YOU phenomenon,
- there are many tables, locate yourself on this table
- express that you know what the discussion is about and recognize what others have said
- justify the perspective you are taking
- provide a clear and concise account of the discussion and
- base your own stand on the phenomenon on the various theories and arguments provided IMAGINE A REAL ROUND TABLE DISCUSSION WAS TAKING PLACE researcher A
theory A researcher B, research B, theory B Researcher C, research C, theory C During the course, write a 3-5 pages of a methodological approach you choose, preparing for your thesis, based on methodological literature.
Make sure you consider all the aspects: epistemology, ontology, paradigm, research method, validity and reliability issues
no filler pages, evaluation is based on content, not length Coursework, EDGLO: absolute deadline Fri 14.12.2012
(no extensions) course outline 2 introductory sessions
18.10. fenomenography (Katri Jokikokko
1.11. narrative methods (Minna Uitto)
8.11. action research (Mervi Kaukko)
15.11. Audio-visual data in research (Elina Määttä)
29.11 ethnography (Maija Lanas)
12.12. theoretical-philosophical approach (Jani Koskela)
13.12. Bringing it together the underlying assumptions and intellectual structure upon which research and development in a field of inquiry is based (Kuhn 1962, 1970) a world view, a general perspective, a way of breaking down the complexity of the real world. (Patton 1990) an interpretative framework, which is guided by "a set of beliefs and feelings about the world and how it should be understood and studied." (Guba, 1990) Ontology, epistemology and methodology What is knowledge? What is real? e.g.
Reality is single, tangible, and fragmentable.
Realities are multiple, constructed, and holistic. e.g.
knowledge is socially constructed and value bound
knowledge is time and context free what kind of questions can be asked about reality? is knowledge something existing "out there", that we "find" or "dig up", or is knowledge a story we construct? not clear-cut: different methodologies can be used within different orientations The quality of research? Course information Course goal: to provide information about qualitative research methodology for
a) making decisions between methods and beginning to construct own methodological basis for thesis
b) gazing the world like with a researcher-position. e.g. a researcher with emansipatory orientation might use e.g. narrative methods or ethnography e.g. an ethnographer might use observation, in-depth interviews or audio-visual data orientation Ethics This has implications for the choice of methodology: This has implications for the research questions<. get to know your own orientation, epistemological and ontological basis, and methodology you choose so that you can justify these in a relevant way. orientation, paradigm,
validity, reliability, ethics
= methodology Central concepts: What does this all mean for my research? difference between
method and methodology In this course you are provided with
a) central concepts and
b) examples of methodologies or specific methods
to help you in getting to know your own chosen method you do not have to know all the qualitative methods, you need to know the one you use.
Also, you need to know the central concepts and principles (introduced above) in all stages of research Coursework, ITE Lecture diary, max 6 pages,
absolute deadline Fri 14.12.2012