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Transcript of Gun Control
The Bill of Rights 1994
The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act Gun Control is the act of restricting or denying citizens the right to own firearms. 1871
The National Rifle Association (NRA) 1934
The National Firearms Act of 1934 1938
The Federal Firearms Act of 1938 1997
Printz v. United States 1990
The Crime Control Act Pros: History of Gun Violence More than 8000 murders are committed by firearms each year in this country. Pro-Gun Control Groups April 20, 1999 - Columbine
13 killed, 24 wounded November 5, 2009 - American Military Base
Fort Hood, TX
13 killed, 24 wounded Stop Handgun Violence is a non-profit organization committed to the prevention of gun violence through education, public awareness, effective law enforcement and common sense gun laws. July 20, 2012 - Movie Theater
12 killed, 59 wounded January 8, 2011- Supermarket Parking Lot
6 Killed, 13 wounded
December 14, 2012 - Sandy Hook Elementary School
26 killed (20 children + 6 adults) April 16, 2007 - Virginia Tech
32 killed, 17 wounded Coalition to Stop Gun Violence
(CSGV) The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence seeks to secure freedom from gun violence through research, strategic engagement and effective policy advocacy. The Brady Campaign We are devoted to creating an America free from gun violence, where all Americans are safe at home, at school, at work, and in our communities. Mission Statement: 1968
Gun Control Act The goal is to educate the public about gun violence through litigation and grassroots activism. 2005
Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act Issues the CSGV is currently dealing with: Gun Show Loopholes
Concerns about Concealed Carry In America, there an an estimated 280 million to 300 million guns in private hands. Cons: The majority of violent crimes are committed with guns.
Therefore, restricting guns should result in less gun violence.
Most suicides are committed with guns.
Thus, denying the mentally unstable access to guns should reduce gun violence.
States with some form of gun control have less crime. Gun Control violates the 2nd Amendment.
However, the 2nd Amendment does not apply to convicted felons, and mentally ill individuals.
Prohibition on gun purchases by all mentally ill violates the 5th and 14th amendments.
Statistics show states with some form of gun control still experience gun-related violence. Anti-Gun Control Groups The Second Amendment Foundation
National Rifle Association
Gun Owners of America
Firearms and Liberty History of Gun Control Stop Handgun Violence
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
Americans for Gun Safety Foundation
The Brady Campaign
Coalition to Stop Gun Violence Pros & Cons of Gun Control: Our View: Shall Issue Law (http://www.statisticbrain.com/national-rifle-association-nra-statistics/) Since 1982, there have been 62 mass shootings across the country... and mass shootings only account for a small percentage of gun violence.
Of those 62 mass shootings, a majority of the shooters were mentally ill - and many displayed signs of mental illness before setting out to kill. What is Mental Illness? (http://www.nami.org) Mental illnesses include depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and borderline personality disorder. A mental illness is a medical condition that disrupts a person's thinking, feeling, mood, ability to relate to others and daily functioning. Laws and Logic Possession of a Firearm by the Mentally Ill: Treatment: Should people who are being treated or have been previously treated for mental illness be allowed to own guns? Treatment is varies depending on the type of mental disorder.
The most common forms of treatment involve: medication, psychotherapy, brain-stimulation, hospitalization/residential treatment. (http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mental-illness/DS01104/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs) Jake Latter
Elliott Theeke Gun Control
Mental Illness Stop Handgun Violence Over a million people have been killed with guns in the United States since 1968, when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy were assassinated. Gun violence impacts society in countless ways: medical costs, costs of the criminal justice system, security precautions such as metal detectors, and reductions in quality of life because of fear of gun violence. These impacts are estimated to cost U.S. citizens $100 billion annually. NICS Improvement Act: State “shall issue laws” require state and local authorities to issue licenses to individuals authorizing the carrying of a concealed firearm as long as the individuals meet a list of criteria. The most recent NICS Improvement Act was passed in 2007 as a result of the Virginia Tech shooting.
The Act addressed loopholes in background checks for purchasing guns. It has been suggested that shall issue laws reduce violent crime by facilitating the carrying of concealed weapons by non-criminals. Proof of residency within the state
A minimum age
Fingerprints for a background check
No record of mental illness
Proof or certification from an acceptable handgun safety class
Submitting the required application fee The criteria for issuance of a license include: The campaign was named after James Brady who was permanently disabled after an assassination attempt. Grassroots activism consists of a group of like-minded people coming together for a cause they believe in. For every time a gun injures or kills in self-defense, one is used: 7 times in criminal assault or homicide, 11 times for a completed or attempted suicide, and 4 times in an unintentional shooting. "No background check" sales account for 40% of handgun sales in the U.S. Possession of a firearm by the mentally ill is regulated by both state and federal laws. When completing the federal and state gun-purchase applications, the gun buyer must answer the question "Have you ever been declared incompetent or involuntarily committed to a mental institution?" The federal and state authorities do not have the means to verify the accuracy of the answers provided for the mental health question. After completing the application, the prospective gun buyer's name is checked against the data contained in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). National Instant Criminal Background Check is a criminal-record database; however, the records of involuntary mental hospital commitments is inaccurate. Why is this? (http://www.gunsandammo.com/2005/03/01/mental-illness-and-gun-ownership/) There are about 3 million living Americans who have been involuntarily committed. The NCIS database only contains about 90,000 of these individuals. Currently, there are only 17 states that provide information on involuntary commitment for inclusion in the NICS database. Proposal Diagnosis: History of Gun Violence + Mental Illness Depression - people suffering from depression have intense feelings of sadness, loss of interest things he/she used to enjoy... and it may last for awhile.
19 million Americans are living with major depression.
Schizophrenia - A chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that affects about 1.1 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year.
Bipolar Disorder - A serious medical illness that causes shifts in mood, energy, and ability to function. Also known as a manic depressive illness.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder - An anxiety disorder characterized by chronic anxiety, exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing to worry about.
Post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - An anxiety disorder that some people get after seeing or living through a dangerous event.
Borderline Personality Disorder - A serious mental illness marked by unstable moods, behavior, and relationships. A mental health screening gives an overall picture of how well a person feels emotionally and how well he/she is able to think, reason, and remember. The screening can be done by your primary care doctor or by a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker. (http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-health-assessment) The screening is primarily used to find out about and check on mental health problems, and/or to check the mental health of a person who has been placed in an institution or arrested of a crime. Seung-Hui Cho, the Virginia Tech shooter, was able to purchase a gun even though he had been ruled a danger to himself by Virginia Court. However, there has not been an NICS Improvement Act addressing the issue that states do not have to submit disqualifying mental health records to the NICS. Along with the mandatory mental health screening prior to purchasing a firearm, those who are being treated, or have previously been treated, should regularly meet with a doctor to determine mental stability. Severity of mental illness would determine the regularity of meetings.
Those diagnosed with severe mental illness and/or involuntarily admitted to a mental institution will be denied. Proposal As well as requiring the mental health screening, states are required to submit ALL mental health records to the NICS to successfully prevent those who are danger to themselves and society from purchasing firearms. To reduce gun violence in the future, there needs to be improvements made to current gun control laws. In addition, there needs to be laws requiring all gun buyers to pass a background check and mental health screening before the purchasing of a firearm- no matter where or who they buy it from. Facts: Loopholes in Current Laws: Gun shows,
Uncontrolled transfer of gun ownership,
Sales through classified ads,
Sales through the internet,
And people making their own firearms. The Second Amendment The 2nd Amendment does not apply to weapons that go beyond what a person would need for self defense such as a machine gun. Why Do The Mentally Ill Commit Criminal Offenses? Deny mental illness,
Stop taking medication,
and/or never properly diagnosed. Columbine:
Eric Harris was known as a "psychopath", and Dylan Klebold suffered from depression.
Seung-Hui Cho diagnosed with severe anxiety disorder, and a major depressive disorder.
Jared Loughner diagnosed with schizophrenia. Mass Shootings: Suicides: Homicides: The President's Plan to Reduce Gun Violence: Requiring background checks for ALL gun sales.
Strengthening background check system for gun sales.
Ensuring quality coverage of mental health treatment. President Obama's plan to protect our children and communities by reducing gun violence involves: The goal of the plan is to help keep guns out of the wrong hands, ban assault and high-capacity magazines, make schools safer, and increase access to mental health services. Aurora Movie Theater:
James Holmes was diagnosed with a form of bipolar disorder.
Adam Lanza was believed to have had Asperger's Syndrome. Violent Crimes: A study conducted by The Foundation for Research on Mental Health and the Law found that former mental patients were slightly more prone to violence than the general population.
Since former mental patients were found more violent, we propose the following to help reduce gun violence: More than 90% of people who commit suicide have a diagnosable mental disorder. Nearly 1 in 5 violent offenders in prison, jail or on probation were identified as mentally ill. (http://www.crimeinamerica.net/category/mental-illness/) Those with schizophrenia are nearly 20 times more likely to kill another person as people unaffected by the disease. (http://healthland.time.com/2012/07/31/mass-murder-and-mental-illness-the-interplay-of-stigma-culture-and-disease/) 5 to 10 percent of murders are committed by the mentally ill. (www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/) Mental Illnesses: No single law or set of laws will put an end to gun violence.
However, we believe the following improvements will help prevent gun violence:
Mandatory health screenings,
Submitting mental health records to NICS,
and Background checks. 2nd Amendment Purpose: to maintain a standing militia Militia Act of 1903 improved National Guard National Guard and Police Force make an informal militia unnecessary. References Personal gun ownership causes more harm then good. 12,664 murders in 2011. 8,583 involved fire arms,
6,220 involved hand guns. (http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2011/crime-in-the-u.s.-2011/tables/expanded-homicide-data-table-8) Crime is supposed to get harder as we advance... Better security leads to less theft,
Better guns lead to more effective killing machines,
Better police tactics lead to more arrests, Violence committed with guns is easy to commit... No matter how easy the government finds it to solve gun violence, it will still occur because the wrong person was able to get their hands on a gun. Why is gun violence still happening? These changes need to be made because... Murders Committed in 2011: Nonlethal Murders: 0 Tasers- $200-$400
Pepperspray- $10-$50 Lethal Murders: 1,694 Knives- $10-$100 Firearms Murders: 8,583 Handgun- $150-$2,000
Shotgun- $150-$1,000 Aronowitz, Teri, and John A. Vaughn. "How Safe Are College Campuses?." Journal of American College Health Feb. 2013: 57+. Academic Search Complete. Web.
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