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# Photography techniques

Introductory Photography lecture for 1st year #bcotmedia students.
by

## Scott Hayden

on 2 December 2018

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#### Transcript of Photography techniques

PHOTOGRAPHY
101

EXTENSION....

http://bcotmedia.tumblr.com/tagged/photography
ACTIVITY

Pick a subject from around the room (object/ person) and photograph it/ them in a symmetrical composition
ACTIVITY

Frame and photograph a subject using the rule of thirds
ACTIVITY

Photograph a composition using neutral space
Lesson Objectives

1. Understand how to critique photographs by applying the following terms:

Composition
Golden Ratio
Rule of Thirds

Aperture
Shutter Speed
AIM

The purpose of this session is to give you the fundamental skills to set up and shoot using a DSLR
A key term in Media, and Photography in particular, is 'Composition'

What does it mean?
ACTIVITY

PHOTOGRAPH 3 EXAMPLES OF THE GOLDEN RATIO RULE
Cinematographers are in charge of Light and Cameras on film sets.

Great Cinematographers frame each of their shots with photographic composition........
GOLDEN RATIO IN COMPOSITION

The golden ratio is a spiral based on the mathematical pattern of Fibonacci sequence

It puts the point of interest in the centre and as the spiral curves out other items feature along it's continuous line

Throughout our culture this has been recognised as
aesthetically
pleasing.

[Aesthetics - the nature/ study of beauty]
TECHNICAL SKILLS TO IMPROVE YOUR PHOTOGRAPHS

There are 3 main variables when taking photographs....

APERTURE - controls the size of the lens opening
ISO - the sensitivity of the sensor
SHUTTER SPEED - how long the shutter is open for
NEUTRAL SPACE

When using the rule of thirds you may leave a large empty space or 'neutral space' in the frame.

This can be balanced by including other objects in the frame
ACTIVITY

Put the DSLR on AV mode

Now try and get a blurry background by focusing on a subject and adjusting the 'f stop'

Keep your camera still (tripod or table)
ACTIVITY

Use a tripod

In pairs set your cameras to shutter priority (TV mode)

REMEMBER to use a subject that is still/ stationary

You have 10 minutes to photograph some motion blur images for this activity

TIP - use the torch on your mobile phones
ACTIVITY

Please find examples of low, medium, and high contrast images online

Label them correctly
The aperture value is numerical and represented with an 'f'

The higher the f-stop (f16, f32) the smaller the hole
THE BIGGER THE DEPTH OF FIELD (DEEP FOCUS)

The lower the f-stop (f2, f2.8) the bigger the hole
THE SMALLER THE DEPTH OF FIELD (SHALLOW FOCUS)

To set the camera to Aperture priority use the 'AV' or 'A' setting or do it manually on the film SLR cameras
If you want to create a shallow depth of field to create the shallow focus/ cinematic look you need a low aperture/ f-stop

f32 (High aperture/ f-stop) = DEEP FOCUS
f1.8 (Low aperture/ f-stop) = SHALLOW FOCUS
It is sometimes stated that galaxies, shells, and subsequently paintings and architecture exhibit this pattern.
Today the golden ratio is commonly used in everyday design, for example in the shapes of postcards, playing cards, advertising posters, wide-screen televisions, photographs, and cars
There will be many opportunities to use these techniques throughout this LV3 Media course
Photography is a skill that you should work at/ borrow cameras from the college and practice.
For more on the Fibonnaci Sequence...

http://www.mathsisfun.com/numbers/fibonacci-sequence.html