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Reconstruction - Moving the US from "Are" to "Is"

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Caleb Lagerwey

on 27 November 2015

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Transcript of Reconstruction - Moving the US from "Are" to "Is"

Reconstruction: Moving the US from "Are" to "Is"
???
Unit Mystery Connection
1860
1880
1870
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
Emancipation Proclamation
What to do with the South?
Wade-Davis Bill
President Johnson's Reconstruction Plan
Black Codes (lead to Jim Crow)
Carpetbaggers
Scalawags
KKK
Alexander H.
Stephens
Freedman's Bureau
As soon as you sit down, please take out your notes and begin writing your answer to this prompt:

“What does freedom mean in your own words? Is it the same as equality? If not, define equality and explain how it is different?”
US Constitution: Article 1, Section 7:
"...If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law..."
Reconstruction Groups:
Black Codes Sharecropping
Seth
Cassidy
Gabe

Emma
Marta
Owen

Jenn
Audrey
Corey

Luke
Dylan
Annake VB
Alex
Jason
Ashley S.

Grace
Ethan
Nathan

Sarah B.
Ashley Q
Isaac
Carlos
Black Codes Sharecropping
Tori V.
Ashten
Caroline

Ryan
Sammi
Charli

O'Kelly
Emma
Sam

DeShawn
Grace
Alex
Luke
Tori F.
Evan
Andrew

Chris
Brooke
Hunter

Matthew
Kiara
Kolin
James Wormley
Intro Write:
After you enter and sit down and take out your notes, begin to examine about the political cartoon seen here.
Who are the figures in the cartoon and who/what do they represent?
What do you think is the opinion of the cartoonist/which characters does the cartoonist sympathize with?
What can you infer (hypothesize) about life in the South during Reconstruction based on this picture?
Bonus Question: Recognize the signature of the cartoonist (hint: we've studied him before....)
northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War, sometimes to help rebuild, but other times to exploit the vulnerable people in the South. Named after the cheap carpet bags they stereotypically carried with them.
a term meaning "scoundrel" that referred to southerners who supported Republican Reconstruction or who favored Republican policies such as Black suffrage.
http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/neh/interactives/impeach/
Please go to:
US Constitution: Article 2, Section 4
"The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other High crimes and Misdemeanors."
Dred Scott vs. 14th Amendment
Equal Protection
Citizenship for
African Americans
Ex-Confederates
Sharecropping Simulation
SHARECROPPERS :
See your Land Owner to pay back all money
owed.

LAND OWNERS:
See Mr. Lagerwey to pay back all money owed.
Inform Mr. Lagerwey of any sharecropper who is not paying back his/her debt.
Settling up all your debts
Sharecroppers need to go in the lounge and perform 25 push ups.

WARNING TO ALL SHARECROPPERS-if you are suspected of not doing all 25 quality push-ups you will not harvest as many crops as you are planning.

When you have completed your “work”, see Mr. Lagerwey to pick up your harvested cotton and bring it to your Land Owner so he/she can sell it at the market.
Sharecroppers plant / harvest crop
LAND OWNERS:
See Mr. Lagerwey to make these purchases

SHARECROPPERS:
See Land Owner to make these purchases
Have your Account card ready
You may need to buy these “on credit”
Everyone purchases Food/Clothing/Rent for Year #3
SHARECROPPERS :
See your Land Owner to pay back all money
owed.

LAND OWNERS:
See Mr. Lagerwey to pay back all money owed.
Inform Mr. Lagerwey of any sharecropper who is not paying back his/her debt.
Settling up all your debts
See Mr. Lagerwey to sell your crop.
Year #2 rate = $80 for 1 bale

Take the money earned and begin to figure out payment for your bills and how much your sharecroppers earned.
Give sharecroppers their “fair share”.
Land Owners Sell Harvested Cotton
Sharecroppers need to go in the lounge and perform 25 push ups.

WARNING TO ALL SHARECROPPERS-if you are suspected of not doing all 25 quality push-ups you will not harvest as many crops as you are planning.

When you have completed your “work”, see Mr. Lagerwey to pick up your harvested cotton and bring it to your Land Owner so he/she can sell it at the market.
Sharecroppers plant / harvest crop
LAND OWNERS:
See Mr. Lagerwey to make these purchases

SHARECROPPERS:
See Land Owner to make these purchases
Have your Account card ready
You may need to buy these “on credit”
Everyone purchases Food/Clothing/Rent for Year #2
SHARECROPPERS :
See your Land Owner to pay back all money
owed.

LAND OWNERS:
See Mr. Lagerwey to pay back all money owed.
Inform Mr. Lagerwey of any sharecropper who is not paying back his/her debt.
Settling up all your debts
See Mr. Lagerwey to sell your crop.
Year #1 rate = $60 for 1 bale of cotton

Take the money earned and begin to figure out payment for your bills and how much your sharecroppers earned.

Give sharecroppers their “fair share” based on the contract you agreed to.
Land Owners Sell Harvested Cotton
LAND OWNERS:
See Mr. Lagerwey to make these purchases

SHARECROPPERS:
See Land Owner to make these purchases
Have your Account card ready
You will all need to buy these “on credit”
Everyone purchases Food/Clothing/Rent for Year #1
You will sign contracts at the beginning of every year. This means you may renegotiate-but only at the beginning of every new year.

Be sure to know what year you are signing a contract for.

When a contract has been signed, LAND OWNERS give Land/Seed Card to sharecropper.
Sharecroppers should keep this card-it is your “proof of purchase.”
When Signing the Contract
Land Owners - President Johnson has given your
property rights back to you. However, you are short
on cash as a result of the Civil War.

Sharecroppers-You have just been set free from the
bondage of slavery. You own next
to nothing and you need to find a
way to survive.
Land Owners and Sharecroppers sign contract
See Mr. Lagerwey to sell your crop.
Year #3 rate = $40 for 1 bales

Take the money earned and begin to figure out payment for your bills and how much your sharecroppers earned.
Give sharecroppers their “fair share”.
Land Owners Sell Harvested Cotton
When Signing the Contract
When Signing the Contract
Sharecroppers need to go in the hall and perform 25 push ups.

WARNING TO ALL SHARECROPPERS-if you are suspected of not doing all 25 quality push-ups you will not harvest as many crops as you are planning.

When you have completed your “work”, see Mr. Lagerwey to pick up your harvested cotton and bring it to your Land Owner so he/she can sell it at the market.
Sharecroppers plant / harvest crop
Debt
Sharecropping Simulation Wrap-Up
1. With your partner(s),
define
"Sharecropping."

Include at least
four
references to yesterday's class.

2.
Explain
using
at
least
two
sentences how sharecropping was really "economic slavery"

3. Next,
explain
how it was nearly impossible to get out of the sharecropping cycle.
Applies
to
vs.
Thaddeus Stevens
Andrew Johnson
government
Lincoln's 10 Percent Plan:
1. General amnesty, except for Confederate officers
2. 10% southern loyalty oath
Lincoln
You will sign contracts at the beginning of every year. This means you may renegotiate-but only at the beginning of every new year.

Be sure to know what year you are signing a contract for.

When a contract has been signed, LAND OWNERS give Land/Seed Card to sharecropper.
Sharecroppers should keep this card-it is your “proof of purchase.”
You will sign contracts at the beginning of every year. This means you may renegotiate-but only at the beginning of every new year.

Be sure to know what year you are signing a contract for.

When a contract has been signed, LAND OWNERS give Land/Seed Card to sharecropper.
Sharecroppers should keep this card-it is your “proof of purchase.”
Racial Nadir
Via Moodle,
Civil Rights Act of 1866:
US Gov't can force states to protect Black Rights
All people born in the US= citizens
All citizens have = rights
Whiskey Ring
Full transcript