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History of STEM Education
Transcript of History of STEM Education
Education History of Colonial Era – Ben Franklin (1749) Napoleon's School for Industry
(1806-1815) Rensselaer Polytechnic
Institute (1824) Vocational Education Act
(1917) Land Grant Act (1862) National Science Foundation (1950) National Defense Education Act
(1958) "Interest in education involving the study of STEM subjects began in the colonial era when Ben Franklin wrote in Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pennsilvania[sic] (Franklin, 1749) that topics such as grafting, planting, inoculating, commerce, manufactures, trade, force, and effect of engines and machines and mechanics ought to be taught" (Salinger and Zuga, 2009) Integration of Technology, Science, and Math
Theory : descriptive geometry, drafting, math and science
Practice : shopwork on marketable products according to the drawings and specifications of the director of instruction "First University in the English-speaking world to teach the practical arts to the sons and daughters of the tenants on the van Rensselaer feudal landholding Salinger and Zuga, 2009) Agricultural and Mechanical Institutions were created.
Many of these Univeristies, such as Ohio State University, developed manual training teacher education as part of the engineering program.
The programs integrated technology and led to much of the subject matter in today's curriculum. Also known as the Smith-Hughes Act
Designed to provide federal assistance to states to promote vocational education
First time that state and local public institutions formed a partnership to provide vocational training in the areas of agriculture, home economics, and trade and industrial education Started with funding for graduate school fellowships
Late 1950s - began funding summer institutes for science and mathematics teachers
Launch of Sputnik - innovative curricula in physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics were funded
1960s - Funding applied research
Nation at Risk (1983) -Began funding undergraduate lab equipment and courses This federal policy largely targeted collegiate education, authorizing both National Defence Fellowships and loans for students.
NDEA also provided funds to state educational agencies for the purposes of improving the teaching of science, mathematics, and “modern foreign languages” (e.g., Russian, not Latin).