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MEMORY AS A WAY OF KNOWING

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by

Alyssa Austin

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of MEMORY AS A WAY OF KNOWING

MEMORY AS A WAY OF KNOWING
In what ways could ones memory affect the way we learn?
How do we know through memory?
Our memories like our skills, past experiences, and shared knowledge we developed informally throughout our lives help us to learn

Throughout our lives we experience many things, but only remember the most significant occurrences

Certain emotions or senses can help bring all the hidden memories come floating to the surface
10 Interesting Facts About Memory
Collective Memory and History
Suggestive Memory
Many people could remember events even when they never originally remember it. Maybe a family member had told you a story about you and your puppy when you were two. There is a small chance you truly remember this event, but you probably remember photos and had visualized the story.
Some might say that memory is like a video camera. They are wrong about this statement. Subjects such as unsound perception, bias, imagination, and confusion of details can make memory not so reliable.
How Memory Works
Memory is like a puzzle
As you fit more puzzle pieces, you are able to see the bigger picture
You are not always able to memorize a whole day, maybe just bits and pieces such as with a story.
Out of the bits and pieces, you are able to create a summary of your day, whether you felt good or bad, happy or sad.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
"Google images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.

Dombrowski, Eileen, Lena Rotenberg, and Mimi Bick. Theory of Knowledge. 2013 ed. N.p.: Oxford UP, 2013. Print.

"Short Term Memory Test." Short Term Memory. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2013.

Fields, Douglas R. "The Top Four False Beliefs about Memory." Www.psychologytoday.com. N.p., 12 Nov. 2011. Web. 3 Dec. 2013.

Marsh, Ann, and Greta Lorge. "How the Truth Gets Twisted." Stanford Alumni Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 20
Child Soldiers, People in Tragic Events
Direct experience and emotion affect the accuracy of memory

The closer we are physically and emotionally to an event, the more we get a memory correct

There is a difference between emotional memories, like your 5th birthday, and learned knowledge, like math

With emotional knowledge, it's hard to forget it, but with learned knowledge, it has to process and you may have to keep applying it to remember it
Memory, Sense, Perception and Emotion
Child Soldiers and People In Tragic Events
Child soldiers were seen to be more prone to emotional trauma from the violence that they've experienced

A survey for people who were surveyed after the "9/11" event was given out
They were 60% accurate when surveys a few days after the event, and 50% accurate a few year after the event of what they knew
Even though they weren't fully sure, they still knew the event happened and it was tragic

Collective memory - remembrance of knowledge that one acquires through sources
Discussion
History is a big part of collective memory. Of course we remember things that we don't remember from 100 years ago. These documents have been recorded by eyewitnesses throughout time.
Example
We still know what happened in the revolutionary war even when there is no one live today that was there in person
Example
Use your sense of sight and tell us any memories that pop up in your head when looking at this image
Activity
Short Term Memory Quiz
faculty.washington.edu/chudlerpuzmatch.html
By: Megan, Joel, Vasti, and Alyssa
Knowledge Issue
Types of Memory
Short-Term Memory
Procedural Memory
Declarative Memory
A processed form that deals with encoded information that we do not consciously recall
An example would be our ability to ride on a bike even after many years of not riding one
A processed form where we retrieve facts about family or information we have learned in school, or recall events from the past
Long-Term Memory
False Statements
Unexpected objects generally grab attention.
Memory works like a video camera.
There is a lot of evidence that supports this statement is false.
(Think about the video with the moon walking bear in the perception presentation)
Memory can be enhanced by hypnosis.
This statement can completely do the opposite of what it states. It is said that hypnosis can create false memories instead of enhance real memory.

Amnesia makes one unable to remember one's identity.
Many people do not have first-hand knowledge of amnesia making it tricky to talk about. This subject usually makes people relate to movies.
A confident eyewitness should be sufficient to convict a defendant on criminal charges.
There have been many times where eyewitness have been inaccurate to convict a defendant on criminal charges. This is why you have to show evidence.
Memory that involves the storage and recall of information over a long period of time

An example of this would be school subject information building over time as you learn more
Memory that involves recall of information for a relatively short time

Procrastinators rely a lot on short-term memory for studying right before a test as an example
Full transcript