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2 PRESENTATION -Family law OF Kazakhstan

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on 12 February 2015

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Transcript of 2 PRESENTATION -Family law OF Kazakhstan

Partners
Parents & Children
Law & the Kazakhstan Family
Separation & Divorce
Government Support
Foster Care & Adoption
They typically go through adoption agencies. some states allow giving children to other people without going through the legal process but other states refer to this as "black market adoption"
Common-Law Marriage
Birth certificate
Selective Service
Individual Identification number
Will
There are a lot of people with low income in KZ
Legal Rights of Single People Who Live Together
Marriage
Getting Married
Legal Aspects
All placeS require a marriage license, which requires proof of age .
Financial Responsibilities
Decisions in a Marriage
Spouse Abuse
A wedding ceremony is required for a valid marriage, where each person states that they agree to the marriage.
Usually, women must be 18 and men must be 18, but IM SOME CASES LAW allows younger couples to marry with their parents consent, or if the female is pregnant.
Every state forbids the marriage of close, blood relatives. Many also forbid the marriage of first cousins. Marrying or having sexual relations with close relatives is a crime known as incest.
Marriage is between two people only; with any more people this is bigamy. according Law of Kazakhstan only a man and a woman can be married. The same sex is not allowed to marry
Definition: Two people agree to be married and live together. If the couple split up, they must divorce before remarrying.
In 1996, more than 85% of benefits went to middle and upper class families.
Workers 58-63+ yrs. may receive social security benefits- which is a percentage of previous earnings. spouse and children may be eligible for the check too.
People who are
blind, injured, or too ill to work may receive benefits if they are going to be ill for at least 12 months, or if the illness will result in death. spouses & children can
also be eligible for
benefits.
When workers die, their
families become eligible for
these benefits. This is basically
the government's life insurance policy. Orphans will be supported
by the state until they are
18 yrs. old or until 22 if
they are full time
students.
Supplement social security provides money for needy, aged, blind, & disabled people. Monthly benefits are given at a standard rate. This is received if you are over
65 years old, needy/blind,
or disabled.
Recipients must have income below
a certain level
Can be denied from aliens & people who haven't worked for years
Amount of food stamps is the same in all states
Electronic system to authorize benefits from account to store;
Cost effective, reduction of theft & fraud, and more convenient.
Survivor's Benefits
Social Security
Food Stamps
Quick Facts
Basic Definitions
Different types of Benefits
Retirement Benefits
Disability Benefits
Basically, a list of names telling the government who they can call to battle in the event of a war. Men are required by law to register for the Selective Service/draft when they turn 18.
A will is a document explaining how a person wants their property handled and/or divided up after they die.
Wills can be made at the age of maturity, 18 or 21 depending on state, unless they are near death.
If no will is made, the property will be divided up and given to relatives.
Basic Definitions
Other Facts
"Throw aways"- children who run away, with parents who don't care about their whereabouts
Sexual abuse- includes child pornography, sexual offenders, and child sex abusers
Basic Definitions
Child Abuse
Parents are legally responsible for their children. The income of the parents dictates how well they can provide for their children.
Abuse occurs when an adult or other care provider inflicts physical or emotional harm on, or threatens harm on, a child. Child abuse can occur in many forms.
80% of juveniles have been victims of abuse. Abused children typically grow up to be abusive adults.
Contributing to the delinquency of a minor- a parent who encourages children to participate in illegal activity; illegal
Discipline- parents can choose to punish children by any reasonable means
Care & supervision- parents don't have set responsibilities, but law requires supervision for small children
Family Responsibility Laws- laws that require adult children to care for elderly parents
Medical care- it is the parents' responsibility to provide healthcare for their kids
Truant- child who misses school without justification
Foster Parents
Adoption
Foster parents- people who, at the direction of a court, care for minors who are not their birth children
A surrogate mother is a woman other than a wife who agrees to be artificially inseminated with a man's sperm.
Adoption is the legal process by which adult(s) become legal parents of another person
Custody
Separation
A
couple
Living apart, but still legally married
Divorce
Marriage legally ended
Separation agreement- written document setting out the couple's understanding on alimony, child custody, support, and division of property
"Faults," or grounds for divorce: Adultery, desertion, mental cruelty, spouse abuse, and insanity
Most states also permit a "no-fault divorce" but they have to show "irreconcilable differences
Definitions:
Alimony: court-ordered allowance of a husband or wife to spouse after a legal separation, divorce, or while the case is being decided.
Property division: involves deciding who gets:
House
Car
Furniture
Bank account
Life insurance
Etc.
Child support: both parents are legally required to support their spawn after a divorce. Traditionally, one parent makes payments to whomever the child is living with
If the spouse fails to provide the agreed-upon support, the other may seek a court-order requiring payment. However, support orders are difficult to enforce.
In all states,
property owned
specifically by one spouse
still belongs to him/her.

In some states, property is divided in half; in other states, it is divided based
on what the court
sees fit.
Separate property- whoever pays for the item legally owns it
Joint property- bank accounts, real estate, cars, etc. in both names
community property- all property belongs equally to both partners
Prenuptial agreement- document made before marriage that declares rights and responsibilities of the partners
Name change- woman taking man's last name or deciding not to
Support- a husband used to be required to support wife, but now they have equal responsibility to do so
Privileged communications- husband-wife relationships "privileged" such as attorney-client and therapist-patient relationships. This means information shared is confidential
Inheritance- spouse automatically entitled to property if the other dies
Women suffer 95% of injuries between spouses. About four million women are abused each year.
In the past, the police have been reluctant to get involved in domestic violence cases, but this is changing.
In the past, they had few rights. However, now there are some legal obligations between unwed couples because of the legal rights and duties existing between partners.
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