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Surf Culture of the 1960's
Transcript of Surf Culture of the 1960's
Rick Griffin was a leader in psychedelic art of the 1960s, and he was sometimes influenced by surfers.
Another symbol of surf culture was the Pontiac Woodie car.
Musical influence include The Beach Boys, the song "Wipeout" by the Surfaris, and an album "Surfbeat" by The Challengers.
Time and Place
The surfing subculture originated in Hawaii, Australia, and many areas of southern California.
While the act of surfing began as early as the 30s and 40s, it was popularized in the 1950s and 1960s.
Organization and Leaders
Surfers didn't necessarily have one leader, though there were several "surf gangs" that formed to protect shorelines, preserve cultural identity, and claim specific surf spots as their own turf. Examples of these gangs included the Bra Boys, the Longos, and the Wolfpak.
Surf competitions started around 1970 and still take place today.
Surf culture played a part in music, art, movies, and fashion.
Kuta Lines Clothing, started in 1973, was a big producer of board shorts and other surf wear in Australia; it is still around today.
Bikinis in the style that we know them were popularized in the 1960s.
Gidget (1959), The Endless Summer (1966), Surf Party (1964)
Political and Philosophical Values
Surfers mainly wanted to relax, surf, and find themselves. They had somewhat of a hippie mindset and care deeply about the health of the environment.
In the 1960s, the term "Surf Nazi" was used to describe authoritarian surfers and members of surf gangs or clubs. Some of them were violent toward outsiders and even embraced Nazism and Nazi symbolism.
Expression and Enjoyment
An important tool surfers used to express themselves was their slang. Terms such as "gnarly", "tubular", "radical", and "stoked" were used after catching a big wave.
The surfers adopted a laid back lifestyle near the ocean and were big fans of personal freedom.
Surfers in the late 40s or 50s invented the skateboard to be able to "surf on land" when waves were flat.
1960's Surf Culture
Today's Surf Culture
2008 - Trestles surf town near San Clemente, California was threatened by a $1.3 billion extension of a California State Highway, but was saved by a grassroots campaign “Save Trestles, Stop the Toll Road”.
Today's Surf Culture (continued)
Modern movies have been made detailing the life of surfers or just using surfing as a plot -
Soul Surfer, Teen Beach Movie, Blue Crush
Surf culture continues to be seen today. Many popular or historic surf towns still exist, and the sport has traveled to both US coasts and internationally.
by Marisa Pittarelli and Becca Benson