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Is Graffiti Art ?
Transcript of Is Graffiti Art ?
*A Nod from the Art Crowd
*A Style all it's Own
*Efforts to Curb
*Graffiti Alley in Toronto
*Art vs. Vandalism
*My Personal Opinion *Origins •Early modernist graffiti can be dated back to box cars in the early 1920's
•Political activists and gang members since the 1960's
•The "Pioneering Era" of graffiti took place in the years of 1969 through 1974
• In the 60's used permanent markers to write their name and the number of their street - beginning of tags
•Truly active in the late 80's and all throughout the 90's
•Heavily influenced by NYC and Philadelphia
•Has also been uncovered in and on Ancient Egyptian monuments
•Even reserved on walls in Pompeii <--Hugo Martinez United Graffiti Artists, 1972 The Fabulous Five "Top-to-Bottoms" Fab 5 Freddy *Styles of Graffiti •Individual Mark
•"Top-to-Bottoms" --> Tags "Throw-Up" Pieces Wildstyle Hip-Hop Opportunistic 3D Commercial Political Stencil *Costs •U.S clean-up is presumed to be in the millions
•Large cities typically budget towards graffiti removal
•Graffiti artists often shop lift their materials
•Effects transportation revenue by the reduction of
•Time taken from people who have to volunteer to clean-up
•Building owners and taxpayers pay to remove graffiti.
•Hurts; homeowners, communities, businesses, schools and you (those who practice risk personal injury, violence, and arrest)
•Graffiti leaves the impression that residents and other property owners don't care about their neighbourhood.
•If graffiti isn't quickly removed, it can lead to an increase in other crimes and acts of violence.
•Graffiti can discourage property owners from making improvements to buildings and structures if they feel vandals will ruin them. *Crime •Truancy, Drug and alcohol use •Sometimes has a wave effect, a heavily vandalized area will experience increases in other sorts of crimes as well. •Commonly associated with gang related crimes (old school view) •Public disorder crimes (Littering, Loitering, and other forms of property destruction •Could possibly be a "gateway crime" (old school view) *A Nod from the Art Crowd •People have become accustomed to seeing graffiti in public places -what makes it graffiti anymore?
•Graffiti Art has been shown in many art galleries
•Artists are often commissioned to do legal murals and other works at art shows
•This exposure make it a legitimized "real art" form
•One example of legal graffiti would be the Graffiti Alley in Toronto *Graffiti Alley in Toronto •1 km, in the fashion district
•Style in Progress takes over graffiti alley for 24-hours for legal painting
•Hand picked artists to change the look of the alley
•Adds to the cities culture
•Could monopolize, and create it into a tourist destination (free of cost!)
•Part of the community revitalization project in the Queen st. area *Efforts to Curb •There has been many efforts...
•One being, the Graffiti Transformation Program
•Started in 1996
•Hires youth to remove and resurface walls with attractive murals
•Provides jobs, training and skills to approximately 1500 youth
•Toronto police have also undertaken the graffiti eradication by, "a service-wide initiative"
•Toronto City Council has also put in place a graffiti by-law *A Style all it's Own •Graffiti has experienced movements/changes in style, like all other artistic forms
•Tools and means have also changed
•Markers traded in for spray paint
•Stencils and stickers have been introduced to make pieces easier to execute in a hurry
•The messages that are put across have also evolved, from simplistic tagging to elaborate pieces of political opinions
•The graffiti community moves in directions and the resultant artwork moves with it *Quotes •"Graffiti is an impulse to get recognized." -Mint Serf •"Graffiti is one of the few tools you have if you have almost nothing . And even if you don't come up with a picture to cure world poverty you can make someone smile while they're having a piss" -Banksy •"Within graffiti culture there is a hierarchy and if someone paints a piece you typically don't paint over it" -Steve Ferrera •"Some people become cops because they want to make the world a better place. Some people become vandals because they want to make the world a better looking place." -Banksy •"Speak softly, but carry a big can of paint" -Banksy •"Graffiti is beautiful; like a brick in the face of a cop" -Hunter S. Thompson •"Graffiti is not about clean lines, pretty colours and beautiful blends. Graffiti is my life's turbulence exploded on a wall." - Mint Serf *Considered Aesthetic? *Art vs. Vandalism *Opinions *My belief