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Augustine of Hippo
Transcript of Augustine of Hippo
St. Augustine was born into a Christian family that were known to be upper class citizens (honestiores)
Had a son named Adeodatus (gift of God)
Became a Christian and was Baptized at the age 32
Bishop of Hippo Reguis in the Roman province of Africa.
Viewed as one of the most important church fathers; among his most important written works, are City of God and Confessions.
St. Augustine History
Augustine's most profound impact comes from his interpretation of Christianity
God being a mysterious non-material being who exists outside of all space and time (e.g. is infinite and eternal).
Augustine proposed that evil could not exist within God, nor be created by God, and is instead a by-product of God's creativity.
"Evil has no positive nature; but the loss of good has received the name 'evil'. "
Views on God
Also, believed that free will can be turned to evil
Augustine maintained that it is vital for humans to have free will, because they could not live well without it.
He argued that evil could come from humans, although humans contained no evil, they were also not perfectly good and hence could be corrupted.
Other’s have expressed similar conceptions of God before, but Augustine brought to Christianity
View on Body and Soul
One of the first Christian authors with a clear anthropological vision
Being as a perfect unity of two substances: soul and body
Believing that the two where in perfect harmony before the first sin, but now the body and soul are in constant combat between one another
The Body: a three-dimensional object composed of the four elements, whereas the soul has no spatial dimensions
Soul is superior because it is in charge of reason in a person
View on Just War
Augustine asserted that Christians should be pacifists
Pursuit of peace must include the option of fighting to preserve it in the long-term, yet war could not be pre-emptive but defensive to restore peace.
war must be
As a youth Augustine lived a self-indulgent lifestyle for a time, his priorities in life changed after reading Cicero's Hortensius which taught that happiness is not found in physical pleasures of luxurious:
But in a dedication of the mind to the discovery of truth.
At the age of 11, he was sent to school at Madaurus
There he became familiar with Latin literature, as well as pagan beliefs and practices
His first insight into the nature of sin, occurred when he and a number of friends stole fruit they did not even want from a neighborhood garden
At age 17, Augustine went to Carthage to continue his education in rhetoric.
Although raised as a Christian, Augustine left the church to follow the Manichaean religion, much to the despair of his mother
Adeodatus: The son of Augustine, dying in adolescence. (Approximately sixteenth year)
Alypius: Originally a student of Augustine at Carthage a friend in Rome and Milan
Ambrose: The bishop of Milan who helped influence Augustine to the accept the Christian Faith.
Evodius: From Thagaste, he met Augustine in Milan, and went back to Thagaste with Augustine to form a lay Christian community.
Jerome: A scholar, with who exchanged letters with Augustine.
Nebridius: Met him in Carthage. and followed Augustine to Milan and to the Christian religion.
Possidius: Met Augustine in Hippo about the year 390. Became a bishop in 397, and moved to Hippo before Augustine died there in 430. He wrote a Life of Augustine.
Severus: His life was very similar to that of Evodius.
Paulinus of Nola: A member of a wealthy aristocratic family, and received a good education at Bordeaux. Live in similar timelines, yet they have never met. Although, Augustine has written letters to him and dedicated a written work to him.
Romanianus: A wealthy native of Thagaste, related and older friend of Augustine.
Simplicianus: He had direct contact with Augustine before the latter’s baptism. Augustine prepared one of his very first written works after his episcopal consecration in Hippo because of Simplicianus.
Augustine was one of the most plentiful Latin authors in terms of surviving works, and the list of his works consists of more than one hundred separate titles.
Augustine is probably best known for his book Confessions, which is a personal account of his earlier life
Also, The City of God, consisting of 22 books, which he wrote to restore the confidence of his fellow Christians
"Faith is to believe what you do not see; the reward of this faith is to see what you believe."
"It was pride that changed angels into devils; it is humility that makes men as angels."
"The World is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page."
"What does love look like? It has the hands to help others. It has the feet to hasten to the poor and needy. It has eyes to see misery and want. It has the ears to hear the sighs and sorrows of men. That is what love looks like."
If you believe what you like in the gospels, and reject what you don't like, it is not the gospel you believe, but yourself.
Body of Works
St. Augustine was born on 13 November 354 in Souk Ahras, Algeria
Died on 28 August 430 in Annaba, Algeria
Is known to be a early Christian theologian that influence the development in Western Christianity and Western philosophy
His most important works today are City of God and Confessions
Quotes from St. Augustine
Meditate for a good 2-5 minutes.
Souk Ahras, Algeria