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Holocaust Survivors: Eugene Black
Transcript of Holocaust Survivors: Eugene Black
Total war... source A
in order to move to a total war footing, the German economy had to be redesigned, to take over this Hitler appointed Albert Speer as Reich Minister for Armaments in September 1943
Production was under 5 different authorities
Few women were employed
Factories only worked one shift
Consumer goods still at peacetime production levels
Amalgamated small factories into large centralised ones and brought in foreign workers - by 1944 29.2% of workers were foreign
Under Speer's leadership, production increased dramatically, the use of production line assembly cut the time taken to build tanks and aircraft
The Panzer III assembly time was cut by 50%
Ammunition workers productivity rose by 60% between 1939 and 1944
Source B Page 181
Food Shortages: See page 182
Allied bombers flew almost a 1.5 million missions caused 650,000 civilian deaths and destroyed cities such as Hamburg, Cologne and Dresden
The Volksturm were conscripted as a 'home guard' formed from invalids, old men and boys, poorly armed and trained they were never a serious fighting force