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Nelson Mandela

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by

Akbar Nazari

on 29 March 2016

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Transcript of Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
1943-1949
Joined ANC
--> established 1912
--> stands for national liberation

established ANCYL
--> aimed mass mobilization
married Evelyn Mase
Early life
Sources
Who was Nelson Mandela
Topics
Who was Nelson Mandela
Early life
Political engagement
Imprisonment
Presidency
Quotation
Sources

www.thefamouspeople.com
www.wikipedia.org
www.history.com
www.britannica.com
www.brainyquote.com
www.nelsonmandelas.com
www.sahistory.com

Presidency
Quotations
-"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world"

-"To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity"

-"The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall"

-"It always seems impossible until it's done"

-"A winner is a dreamer who never gives up"
grew up in the village of
Qunu
--> spent time herding animals
-->Madiba
-->Tata
-->Dalibunga
born: 18 July 1918 in Mvezo
died: 5 December 2013
anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
first black president in Southafrica
recieved 1993 Nobel Peace Prize
attended a Methodist mission school
got entrusted to
Jogintaba Dalindyebo
--> chief of
Qunu

--> learned English, Xhosa, geography, African history
--> got his name "
Nelson
"
got circumcised when he turned 16
1934
1937
1939
Healdtown
Methodist college in Fort Beaufort
--> attended by most of the Thembu

became interested in Native African culture

started running and boxing

got his first non-Xhosa friend
Fort Hare
studied for a Bachelor of Arts degree
--> English, anthropology, politics, native administration and Roman Dutch law

became close friends with Oliver Tambo and K.D.Matanzima

avoided political involvement

got involved in a boycott
--> got suspended from university and left without any degree


Youth
Clarkebury
largest school for Africans in Thembuland
--> British-oriented school

began sports and gardening

gaining skills to become a councillor

completed Junior Certificate in 2 years
1941
Johannesburg
fled through arranged marriage

worked at Crown Mines
--> first contact with capitalism

worked as a clerk for a law firm

attended communistic talks

worked on his BA
Political engagement
1950-1954
was appointed as the president of ANCYL
--> worked together with African and Indian communists
changed his ideology
--> more liberal
--> communistic direction
started non-violent resistance
--> "Defiance Campaign"
got arrested for "statutory communism"
--> created the "M-plan"
--> political enlightment
established an law firm with Oliver Tambo
Family
father : Gadla Henry (four wifes)
mother : Nosekeni Fanny
sibblings: three halfbrothers, three sisters,
six halfsisters
three wifes
six children
Wifes
1944-1957
Evelyn Mase
1958-1996
Nomzamo Madikizela
( Winnie )
1998
Graca Machel
Madiba Thembekile
1945-1969
Makgatho Lewanika
1950-2005
Pumla Makaziwe
1954
Zenani
Zindzi
1959
1960
1955-1961
wanted arm his military
banned for 5 years
divorced with Evelyn Mase and married Winnie Madikizela
arrested on 5 December for "high treason"
--> released by paying caution
protest on 21 March 1960:
7000 PAC members got arrested
69 dead people and 300 injured
"emergency rule"
Mandela arrested without any charge
ANC ban
Imprisonment
inaugurated 10 May 1994 in Pritoria
numerous laws of the apartheid were withdrawn
army and police newly founded as South African National Defence Force and South African Police Service
free healthcare for children under 6, pregnant and nursing woman
1996 free primary healthcare for all south africans
2 M. households got electricity, 3 M. got mains water supply, 750 000 houses were build
donated a third of his money to the Nelson Mandela Children´s Fund
29 March 1999 he held his farewell speech
on 12 june 1964 Mandela was sentenced to imprisonment for 27 years
he was arrested for being activist of the "ANC" and for fighting against the apartheid
teached his inmates in politics and thats why
"the robben island prison"
was called
"the university"
was in 3 different prisons
in 1985 the apartheids offered him to let him out of prison when the "ANC" stops to fight against them
in 1990 Nelson Mandela came out of Prison and the state lifted the ban of the "ANC"
1961-1962
the government failed to proof him guilty

founded the armed wing "Umkontho we sizwe"
--> violent-resistance part of ANC
--> Mandela was appointed as leader

visited African countries for support
--> military
--> politcal

by Zajad, Besnik and Deniz
Full transcript