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Transcript of Nelson Mandela
--> established 1912
--> stands for national liberation
--> aimed mass mobilization
married Evelyn Mase
Who was Nelson Mandela
Who was Nelson Mandela
-"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world"
-"To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity"
-"The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall"
-"It always seems impossible until it's done"
-"A winner is a dreamer who never gives up"
grew up in the village of
--> spent time herding animals
born: 18 July 1918 in Mvezo
died: 5 December 2013
anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
first black president in Southafrica
recieved 1993 Nobel Peace Prize
attended a Methodist mission school
got entrusted to
--> chief of
--> learned English, Xhosa, geography, African history
--> got his name "
got circumcised when he turned 16
Methodist college in Fort Beaufort
--> attended by most of the Thembu
became interested in Native African culture
started running and boxing
got his first non-Xhosa friend
studied for a Bachelor of Arts degree
--> English, anthropology, politics, native administration and Roman Dutch law
became close friends with Oliver Tambo and K.D.Matanzima
avoided political involvement
got involved in a boycott
--> got suspended from university and left without any degree
largest school for Africans in Thembuland
--> British-oriented school
began sports and gardening
gaining skills to become a councillor
completed Junior Certificate in 2 years
fled through arranged marriage
worked at Crown Mines
--> first contact with capitalism
worked as a clerk for a law firm
attended communistic talks
worked on his BA
was appointed as the president of ANCYL
--> worked together with African and Indian communists
changed his ideology
--> more liberal
--> communistic direction
started non-violent resistance
--> "Defiance Campaign"
got arrested for "statutory communism"
--> created the "M-plan"
--> political enlightment
established an law firm with Oliver Tambo
father : Gadla Henry (four wifes)
mother : Nosekeni Fanny
sibblings: three halfbrothers, three sisters,
( Winnie )
wanted arm his military
banned for 5 years
divorced with Evelyn Mase and married Winnie Madikizela
arrested on 5 December for "high treason"
--> released by paying caution
protest on 21 March 1960:
7000 PAC members got arrested
69 dead people and 300 injured
Mandela arrested without any charge
inaugurated 10 May 1994 in Pritoria
numerous laws of the apartheid were withdrawn
army and police newly founded as South African National Defence Force and South African Police Service
free healthcare for children under 6, pregnant and nursing woman
1996 free primary healthcare for all south africans
2 M. households got electricity, 3 M. got mains water supply, 750 000 houses were build
donated a third of his money to the Nelson Mandela Children´s Fund
29 March 1999 he held his farewell speech
on 12 june 1964 Mandela was sentenced to imprisonment for 27 years
he was arrested for being activist of the "ANC" and for fighting against the apartheid
teached his inmates in politics and thats why
"the robben island prison"
was in 3 different prisons
in 1985 the apartheids offered him to let him out of prison when the "ANC" stops to fight against them
in 1990 Nelson Mandela came out of Prison and the state lifted the ban of the "ANC"
the government failed to proof him guilty
founded the armed wing "Umkontho we sizwe"
--> violent-resistance part of ANC
--> Mandela was appointed as leader
visited African countries for support
by Zajad, Besnik and Deniz