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Transcript of Kodachrome Slides
Dr. Vohgal creates a film that is sensitive to all colors of light, though the fim is generally flawed and non-permanent due to structural errors of the film.
Agusta and Louis Lumiere create the first additive color screen film. They called this, "Autochrome."
Kodak releases a color film for cinematography. It was created for mass production and became the new standard for color films, amateur or otherwise.
Just one year after the original Kodachrome was released, Kodak releases Kodachrome slides for still images. The rolls of film were the first color photos that were higher quality and made to be more user-friendly than previous color advancements. The film was very expensive for the time and was not intended for hobbyists and amateurs. Every Roll cost three dollars, or fifty-four dollars as a current cost.
The first color photo is taken by the physicist, James Clerk Maxwell. The picture, (see below) was taken using three separate pictures taken through three color filters. The picture was the first permanent color picture that had no post-developing touch-ups.
Gabriel Lippman, (right) creates color photos by the interface principle. The principle is based on the optical reaction between silver chloride and light, making the image non-permanent .
German, Rudolph Fischer capitalized on photography by patenting his new subtractive color process using couplers.This was done with a three layered film sensitive to red, blue, and green. This was a huge step in color photography, but was flawed by the layers often mixed and created a poor quality image.
Kodak releases a panchromatic film emulsion, sensitive to red, green, and blue, (below). This created cleaner, crisper images.
The Rise of Kodachrome
Kodachrome became a dominant type of film as the price released and the easy way to get it developed. The film created an amazingly crisp image because of the chemical advances with it. Above is a famous Kodachrome image, taken in 1949, by Chalmers Butterfield, in West London.
The Fall of Kodachrome
With the fierce competition of Fuji film and the general lack of use, of transparency film in the 1980s and 1990s, Kodak slowly weened out the sales of Kodachrome. Kodachrome was taken off the shelves by late 2009. The last roll was given to a prominent photographer. This was done in the hopes that the last roll would go out with a bang.
1861: "Edinburgh's Camera Obscura and World of Illusions - great fun for all the family." Edinburgh's Camera Obscura - beside Edinburgh Castle - fun for all the family. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://camera-obscura.co.uk/camera_obscura/camera_his>
1891: Bellis, Mary. "History of Photography and the Camera." History of Photography Pinhole Cameras to The Daguerreotype. About.com , n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinven>
1904: Sommers, David. "Color + Design Blog / The History of Color In Photography by COLOURlovers :: COLOURlovers." Color Trends + Palettes :: COLOURlovers. Photo.net, n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://www.colourlovers.com/blog/2008/04/30/the-history-of-color-in-photography>.
Uhrhane, Jennifer. "PHOTOGRAPHIC RESOURCE CENTER at Boston University." Boston University. Boston University, n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://www.bu.edu/prc/GODOWSKY/timeline.htm>
1912/1913: "Ted's Photographics - The History of Photography - Timeline and History." Ted's Photographics - The fundamental principles of photography explained. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2013. <http://www.ted.photographer.org.uk/photohistory_origin.htm>
1935: Sammy Jenks. "History of Film- Timeline - Journalism & News from Bournemouth University." BUzz - All the latest journalism & news from Bournemouth University. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2013. <http://buzz.bournemouth.ac.uk/history-film-timeline/>.
1936: Suddath, Claire. "A Brief History of Kodak Kodachrome Film - TIME." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Sept. 2013. <http://content.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1906503,00.html>
Image 1.0 http://www.colourlovers.com/blog/2008/04/30/the-history-of-color-in-photography
Image 2.0 http://www.colourlovers.com/blog/2008/04/30/the-history-of-color-in-photography
Image 3.0 http://www.colourlovers.com/blog/2008/04/30/the-history-of-color-in-photography
Image 4.0 http://www.colourlovers.com/blog/2008/04/30/the-history-of-color-in-photography
Image 5.0 http://petapixel.com/assets/uploads/2010/07/kodachrome.jpg
Image 6.0 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/87/London_,_Kodachrome_by_Chalmers_Butterfield.jpg
Image 4.0 (Left)
Image 5.0 (Above)