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Research in Education

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Vicki Bourbous

on 5 August 2013

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Transcript of Research in Education

Identifying keywords
in your research question

What effective teaching strategies can be used to teach mathematics to Aboriginal students?

Teaching strategies
You could also use

Teaching methods
Instructional design
Instructional planning
Teaching process
Keywords are:
Teaching strategies
teaching methods
instructional design
Aboriginal students
Boolean Operators
AND - narrows a search to include all terms in the article
eg. Aboriginal students AND mathematics
OR - broadens a search

Useful for similar terms or phrases
eg. teaching methods OR teaching strategies
The more terms added using
the less results you will retrieve
Search tips
• Phrase searching: to maintain a phrase of two or more words, use double quotation marks around the phrase. Eg. “parent participation”, “multiple intelligences” “learning styles”, “cognitive development”, "teaching methods".

• Truncation: to broaden your search, you can try truncation. This means typing the stem of the word and then * to pick up various endings. Eg. work* retrieves work, workplace, worker, workers, workaholic etc. math* retrieves maths, mathematics, mathematical etc.

• Boolean operators: use AND between keywords to narrow your search to retrieve less and more relevant sources. Use OR to broaden your search. This is used for synonyms (eg. teenager OR adolescent).

• Nesting: involves an algorithm combining both AND and OR operators in a more advanced search. TIP: put parentheses around like terms you are using with the OR operator, otherwise the algorithm will retrieve a different set of results that may not be very relevant. Eg. ("teaching methods" OR "teaching strategies" ) AND math* AND "Aboriginal students"

More ways to narrow your search
• Subject (use of Thesaurus) : Some databases like ERIC and A+ Education have a thesaurus which is compiled by indexers and subject specialists. Rather than using free text keywords, the thesaurus maps your terms to those preferred for searching relevant results. This is known as controlled vocabulary. If you use terms searched in the Thesaurus, it will only retrieve results with these terms listed in the Subject of the record, not in the abstract, title or anywhere else in the record. The subjects describe in controlled language what the article is about (sometimes the subject is known as descriptor). You will see the listed subjects in the full record and can make a more educated decision as to whether the article is relevant.

• Date: Limit your search to a specific date range.

• Geographic location: some databases have a field called Geographic Location, some put countries involved in the study in a field called the Identifier.

• Document type: are you wanting a journal article, conference paper, report, government document, etc.

• Scholarly articles: you can limit your result to scholarly articles. Some databases have a peer-reviewed option (ERIC), some have termed this refereed (A+ Education).
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