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Transcript of Presidential Project
Christina Voeltz Up-Bringing Franklin Roosevelt grew up in a wealthy family and often travelled overseas with his parents. In 1900-1904, he attended Harvard where he was an average student. His privileged upbringing included meeting Grover Cleveland at the White House when he was five. He was cousins with Theodore Roosevelt. He grew up with private tutors before attending Groton in 1896-1900, college preparatory boarding school. Education -Father: James Roosevelt - businessman and financier.
-Mother: Sara "Sallie" Delano - Strong-willed woman who did not wish her son to be in politics.
-Siblings: One half-brother - James.
-Wife: Eleanor Roosevelt - Niece to Theodore Roosevelt. She was the first First Lady to be more politically active, involving herself in causes like Civil Rights.
-Children: One daughter - Anna Eleanor; Four sons - James, Elliott, Franklin Jr., and John Aspinwall. Occupations/Income Vice Presidents Franklin Delano Roosevelts occupation includes a corporate attorney before entering politics. Public official and lawyer John Nance Garner
(1933-1941) Henry A. Wallace
(1941-1945) Harry S Truman
(1945) Terms of Presidency Born: January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York
Died: April 12, 1945, in Warm Springs, Georgia Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Roosevelt's Quotes "Confidence... thrives on honesty, on honor, on the sacredness of obligations, on faithful protection and on unselfish performance. Without them it cannot live." http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/f/franklin_d_roosevelt.html#mVgQmj328mmK38AE.99 "Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education." "The only thing we have to fear is fear it'self - nameless, unreasoning, unjustified, terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance." (First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933) Member of New York State Legislature, 1911-13 Governor of New York, 1929-33 Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913-20 Presidential Salary: $75,000/year Election Issues The United States presidential election of 1932 took place in the middle of the Great Depression that had ruined the promises of President Herbert Hoover to bring about a new era of prosperity. His first term in office (1933–1937) was the shortest term for an elected president. The Twentieth Amendment moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20 beginning in 1937; therefore Roosevelt's first term was 44 days and his second term was less than four years. Roosevelt served three full terms, died on the 83rd day (2 months and 24 days) of his fourth term. Trivia Questions! 1. What political party was Franklin Delano Roosevelt? 1. Democrat Historical Ranking 2. How many terms did Roosevelt serve? 2. He completed 3 terms, but died on the 83rd day of his fourth term. -Having won four terms as president, FDR was sure to have a huge impact on the United States. His leadership throughout World War II was key to our victory. Further, he worked tirelessly to end the Great Depression including the creation of numerous programs through his New Deal to help Americans get back on their feet. According to scholars and the public Roosevelt is consistently ranked as one of the greatest presidents in American history, next to George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. Major Foreign Happenings (Policies of Administration) Major Domestic Happenings 3. Where was he born? Works Cited http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/f/franklin_d_roosevelt.html#mVgQmj328mmK38AE.99 Slide 1 Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 20 Slide 24 He then went to Columbia Law School (1904-07) and passed the bar. Answers! 3. Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York in 1882 He served from March 4, 1933 until he died on April 12, 1945 . -Altogether FDR served as president for 12 years and 42 days, making him the longest person to be president of the U.S. http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FranklinDRoosevelt Election Campaign 4. Was Roosevelt the only American president elected more than two terms? 4. Yes Promises He promised a "New Deal" for the American people and this became the slogan for FDR's campaign and, later, his administration. To balance the budget by starting a new era of vast deficit spending. He wanted get positive results and rebuild hope for the future. https://www.google.com/#hl=en&output=search&sclient=psy-ab&q=what+were+fdr%27s+campaign+promises&oq=What+were+FDRs+promises&aq=0bl&aqi=g- “Kick Out Depression with a Democratic Vote.” http://www.ourwhitehouse.org/prespgs/fdroosevelt.html Roosevelt pledged to keep the U.S. out of World War II in his second term. Slogans 5. How was Roosevelt paralyzed? 5. He was stricken with polio More Information on Roosevelt Actually spent much of his life paralyzed from the waist down due to polio, including his Presidency, making him America's one and only handicapped President, unless one also counts Kennedy who had Addison's Disease. Major Supreme Court Cases Schechter Poultry Corp v. U.S. (1935) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schechter_Poultry_Corp._v._United_States United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936) -This case involved principles of both governmental regulation of business and the supremacy of the executive branch of the federal government to conduct foreign affairs. The New Deal http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_major_events_during_Franklin_Roosevelt's_term_as_president#ixzz1uxksa4VG Adolph Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany after a few months that Roosevelt had been elected. The United States government wanted to stay out of World War II and went to the extent of passing Neutrality Acts every year from 1935 to 1937, which restricted the amount of trade with the nations involved with the war. On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and the United States then entered World War II with the Axis Powers. The Teheran Conference of 1943, Dumbarton Oaks of 1944 and the San Francisco Conference of 1945 were established in order to generate a peaceful association. Korematsu v. United States (1944) -Held that the Executive Order 9066 was unconstitutional and freed the Japanese-Americans that were placed in camps. -This held that the National Industrial Recovery Act was unconstitutional due to the fact that it gave legislative power to the executive branch. -Roosevelt's ideas of relief, recovery, and reform were then put into play through the New Deal that helped end the Great Depression. In 1933, Congress passed the Federal Securities Act which improved the security exchange by all stocks and bonds that were being put up for sale had to also have a truthful information about the company it's being sold from. The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 paid farmers to cultivate their land and the money for this act came from the tax that was put upon agricultural business transactions. In October 1929 through out the early 1940s, the Great Depression occurred. Political Opponents " " "A New Deal for America" Herbert Hoover Norman Thomas William Foster Alfred Landon William Lemke Wendall Wilkie Thomas Dewey bl1&aql=&gs_l=hp.1.0.0i8i13.1604.8830.0.10818.104.22.168.22.214.171.1244.3930.0j11j8j5-1.20.0...0.0.aPURybw_Xfc&pbx=1&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=41e29ab53187148e&biw=911&bih=396 http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FranklinDRoosevelt http://americanhistory.about.com/od/franklinroosevelt/p/pfdroosevelt.htm The theme of the campaign was an all-out attack on Hoover's economic failures, with the incumbent hard pressed to defend himself. FDR blamed the Great Depression on Hoover, and his protectionist policies. Roosevelt won by a landslide with 472 electoral votes while Hoover only had 59. Famous for the New Deal, World War II and the "fireside chats". The last of these were thirty radio speeches, where he addressed the public directly and are an early example of what political analysts call "going public". They were more popular than every other show. Roosevelt participated in the Yelta Conference. -he Yalta Conference, codenamed the Argonaut Conference, held February 4–11, 1945 , was the wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.