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Top 10 Diseases in the United States
Transcript of Top 10 Diseases in the United States
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Top 10 Diseases in the United States
Coronary Heart Disease
Cause: This disease is caused by fatty deposits called plague that builds up inside the arteries.
Effect: If this happens the heart may not get the blood to work well. This can cause systems such as chest pain, pressure, or stroke. Over time this can weaken and damage the heart. If the plague breaks off it can cause a heart attack.
People:In the United States about 600,000 people die from coronary heart disease every year.
Cure: Lifestyle changes, medicines, medical procedures and surgery.
Cause: The main cause of COPD is tobacco this includes secondhand smoke.
Effect: This causes damage to the walls of the sir sacs in the lungs.
People: There are approximately 3.1 million deaths.
Cure: No cure.
Cause: This is caused tiny bacteria known as bacteria or viruses. These viruses are passed between people when a person coughs or sneezes.
Effect: This makes it hard to breath, and causes an infection in the lung alveoli (pneumonia).
People: 4.5 million
Cure: Getting rest and drinking fluids.
Cause: The leading cause of lung cancer is tobacco smoking, and others caused by exposure to secondhand smoke.
Effect: This causes coughing, Pain in the chest shoulder or back, shortness of breath, change of voice etc.
People: In 2012 there was a count of 1.8 million people diagnosed with lung cancer worldwide. There was also a count in 2011, where in the United States there were 402,326 people living with lung and bronchial cancer.
Cure: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation etc.
Cause: This is caused by spread through contact with certain body fluids from a person who is affected with HIV and, AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV.
Effect: Once you are effected by HIV, it launches a direct attack at your immune system. This weakens your natural defenses against the disease or infection.
People: deaths-34 million people and globally would be 36.9 million people.
Cure: There is no cure for HIV or AIDS.
Cause: The cause of this disease is germs that spread through contaminated water, food, or objects.
Effect: It makes the body not have enough salt and water that is necessary for survival.
People: This kills around 760, 000 children every year.
Cure: Most diseases resolve on its own within a day or two.
Cause: This is caused by a lack of pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize starch and sugars.
Effect: Since the cells can't take any glucose, it build up in your blood. High levels of blood glucose can cause kidneys, heart, eyes, or nervous system. This could eventually cause heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage.
People: 29.1 million people are affected by this in the United States.
Cure: Maintaining normal blood sugar levels, diet
Cause: This is caused by being born too early.
Effect: Some problems would be heart, breathing, brain , temperature control problems etc.
People: 1.1 million
Cure: There is a cure for this preterm birth complication although it is not guaranteed to work.
Cause: Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria. This bacteria is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, laughs etc.
Effect: Tuberculosis can effect several organs in the human body, including the brain, the kidneys and bones, thought it most commonly effects the the lungs.
People: This effects 9 million people each year and has 1.5 million deaths.
Cure: Taking TB medicine, depending on the doctor says.
Cause: A stroke may be caused by a blocked artery or the bursting of a blood vessel.
Effect: Troubled speaking and understanding, Paralysis or numbness, trouble seeing, headache, and trouble walking.
People: Approximately 795,000 people suffer from a stroke.
Cure: A cure for a stroke would be to take medications, and limiting brain functions.
Lower Respiratory Infections
Top 5 Medical Schools
Harvard University - Cambridge, MA
Stanford University - Stanford, CA
Johns Hopkins University - Baltimore, MD
University of California - Stanford, CA
University of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia,PA
Preterm Birth Complication
I did not know that so many people are affected by preterm birth complications. I didn't know that a stroke can do many things like, speaking, numbness, seeing etc. I also did not know that so may diseases are caused by bacteria in the air or from people that are infected. The information that surprised me the most was HIV and AIDS because it goes straight to your nervous system and takes over your body. I would study either lower respiratory Infection or stroke because it seems more interesting to me than any other slide. I learned a lot about these diseases and what they can do. I thought that this was a great subject to make a presentation on because you can learn many new things and it can be helpful to prevent you from getting these diseases.