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on 2 June 2014

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Transcript of GMO

-Genetically Modified Organisms

-Altered DNA from bacteria, viruses, or other plants/animals

-Unnatural modifications that cannot occur in nature or traditional cross breeding

Genetically Modified

What is a GMO?
What am I eating that's modified?
GMOs are in as much as 80% of conventional processed food.
Who Owns the Market Share?

“Ask not what you can do for your country. Ask what’s for lunch.”
-Orson Welles

Health Pros and Cons
America's Keeping secretes
- Increase resistance to parasites and insects

- Control harvesting periods

- Control growth speed

- Feed more on less

- Add vitamins and nutrients to otherwise unhealthy options
Why are GMO's being made?
Brands opposing vs. Brands supporting GMO
Interesting Facts
1. Better overall quality and taste.
2. More nutrition benefits (Golden rice
3. More resistant to disease.
4. Pharmaceuticals

1. Allergies
2. Antibiotic Resistance
3. Pesticide Exposure
4. Unpredictability and the Unknown


Labeling of GMO Products
In answering what is the greatest ethical challenge facing the planet, we must first look down at our dinner plates.
The world's technology is advancing, and food is at the forefronts.
Genetically Engineered Food Production
Pros & Cons
Food is being industrialized. Genetically modified foods have been engineered for many reasons, but the bottom line is that food is being genetically modified for bigger profits. Genetic engineering is done by splicing genes through molecular cloning and transformation to alter the organism’s genes.
Soybeans, Corn, Sugar Beats, Canola,
tomatoes, Potatoes, Golden rice.
Pros and Cons
As a Canadian consumer, you will likely not know if the foods you buy have been genetically modified. In other parts of the world like Europe, USA, it is mandatory to label GM foods.

GMO crops, when first introduced, were touted as the answer to world hunger, the potential to end poverty and malnutrition.

The argument was that by developing pesticide and herbicide resistant crops, farmer's would be able to increase their yields and decrease their costs.

• This has not proven to be the case. Instead, bugs and weeds have become increasingly resistant to the widespread applications of these chemicals, leading to increased use of both.

• More spraying means more costs for the farmers, more damage to the environment and more health concerns.

The Benefits May Not Be Available to Everyone
Who owns Nature?
In 1995 there were 81 independent organic processing companies. A decade later, Big Food had gobbled up all , but only 15 of them remain as of today.

In the first half of the 20th century, seeds were overwhelmingly in the hands of farmers and public-sector plant breeders.

Gene Giants have used intellectual property laws to commodify the world seed supply.
– A strategy that aims to control plant germplasm and maximize profits by eliminating Farmers' Rights.

The world's largest seed company, Monsanto, accounts for almost one-quarter of the global proprietary seed market. The top 3 companies (Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta) together account for $10,282 million, or 47% of the worldwide proprietary seed market.

The Gene Giants forged unprecedented alliances that render competitive markets a thing of the past. The trend isn't new, but the deals are getting bigger and bolder.
According to ISF statistics, the United States still has the largest domestic seed market at $12 billion, followed closely by China at $9 billion, France at $3.6 billion, Brazil at $2.6 billion, Canada at $2.1 billion and India at $2 billion—Japan, Germany, Argentina, Italy, the Netherlands, Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain and the U.K. round out the top 15.

According to the International Seed Federation, the global seed market was worth approximately $47 billion in 2012, with $9.9 billion of that total being internationally traded.

Pest resistance
Herbicide tolerance
Cold tolerance
Drought tolerance/salinity tolerance

Harm to other organisms/animals
Reduced effectiveness of pesticides
Gene transfer to non-target species (cross-breeding)

“The lack of competition and innovation in the marketplace has reduced farmers’ choices and enabled Monsanto to raise prices.” –Organization for Competitive Markets, following Monsanto's decision to raise some GE maize seed prices by 35%”

Philip H. Howard, an Associate Professor in the Department of Community Sustainability at Michigan State

created the widely circulated “Who Owns Organic?” infographic, in order to give organic consumers a quick snapshot of the structure of the organic industry of the shifting ownership environment in the organic

In my opinion in all honesty given the very uneven playing field that farmers or independent organic firms are competing in", they are unlikely to survive without such support.”
Regulation of (GMO’s) Food?

Genetic modification (GM)
refers to organisms where the genetic material has been changed through any method, including traditional methods like selective breeding.

Genetic engineering (GE)
is used when a gene has been taken from one organism and put into another.

In Canada, GMOs (genetically modified organisms) used as food or feed must be approved before gaining access to the market. The approval process is covered by numerous regulations and is done by Health Canada for foods,
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for seeds and livestock feed, and Environment Canada for new substances intended for environmental release. Approval is required for both locally produced and imported products.

GM foods have been grown and sold in Canada since 1994 and will likely continue to be part of the food supply.
As a Canadian consumer, you will likely not know if the foods you buy have been genetically modified. However, Health Canada makes sure that genetically modified foods are safe to eat.

Regulation of (GMO’s) Food?
- They are starting to genetically modify animals

- Due to cross breeding and contamination, organic options may soon be genetically engineered as well

-Biggest modification areas: herbicide tolerant soybeans and insect resistant cotton
- 60%-70% of Canadian Imports are from the US
Full transcript