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Transcript of Animal Farm
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"Napoleon himself, majestically upright, casting haughty glances from side to side, and with his dogs gambolling round him" (Orwell 117).
By: George Orwell
Joseph Stalin won the power struggle with his fellow comrade, Trotsky. In the mid-1920s, Stalin declared himself as the rightful leader and became a totalitarian dicatator of the Soviet Union until his death. His security forces arrested and killed and sent many people to work camps such as the Gulags.
"His two slogans, "I will work harder" and "Napolean is always right," seemed to him a sufficient answer to all problems" (Orwell 56).
Boxer represents the poor and laborious working class under Stalin's rule. The laborers worked tirelessly toward the "common good" although most of they did not live to see their accomplishments. Many of them like Boxer were faithful to the Party and Stalin, and sincerely believed Stalin was looking for their best interests.
"Snowball also busied himself with organising the other animals into what he called Animal Committees...the Egg Production Committee for the hens, the Clean Tails League for the cows" (Orwell 27).
Leon Trotsky was Stalin's major contender in Stalin's rise to power in the communists party. Trotsky was one of the main leader of the Bolshevik revoluntion and a very talented speaker and party organizer. Trotsky was later killed in Mexico by Stalin's secret agents.
Czar Nicolas II
In Animal Farm, Mr. Jones symbolizes the ruler of Russia, Czar Nicolas II. The czar was forced to take the throne after his uncle passed away. However, as a monarch, he spent most of his time at parties and leisure activites while his people suffered. Unlike Farmer Jones, Nicolas II couldn't escape and was killed with his entire family.
"Though not yet full grown, they were huge dogs, and as fierce looking as wolves. They kept close to Napoleon" (Orwell 48).
The Cheka, also known as The All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage, was the secret police of Stalin. Their primary purpose was to help communist leaders eliminate their personal and political enemies. They justified killing their targets by saying those individuals were the "enemies of the state."
Mr.Jones forgets to feed the animals
The power struggle between Snowball & Napolean
The Pigs steal the beer and whiskey and make alcohol
Snowball is expelled from the farm
"When Mr. Jones got back he immediately went to sleep on the drawing-room sofa with the News of the World over his his face, so that when evening came, the animals were still unfed" (Orwell 15).
"Mr. Jones of the manor farm, had locked the hens houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to the pop-holes" (Orwell 1)
Hunger under Czar
As the leader, Nicholas II spent his time with his wife, Alexandra Feodorovna, and they wasted money on entertainment. In 1914, the Czar decided to enter WWI and that meant sending sufficient funds and food to the front. However, Russia was quickly defeated by the Germans and the food sent to the front caused an extreme food shortage back home. His people were starving while he was enjoying cakes and desserts with his guests. Soon, the Czar was forced to abdicate from the throne and the Bolsheviks took control.
"The two disagreed at every point where disagreement was possible. If one of them suggested sowing a bigger acreage of barley, the other was certain to demand a bigger acreage of oats" (Orwell 43).
Rebellion and massacre of the hens
Stalin vs. Trotsky
The battle for the control of the Communist party began after Lenin's death in 1924. Stalin was the secetary general of the Communist Party and wanted a modified form of Marxism. On the other hand, Trotsky wanted a "true communism" and favored world revolution. Some communists favored Trotsky over Stalin because Stalin was too hard and strict.
"Led by three young Black Minorcapullets, the hens made a determined effort to thwart Napoleon's wishes. Their method was to fly up to the rafters and there lay their eggs, which smashed to pieces on the floor (Orwell 69).
Stalin's Great Purge
During the Great Purge in 1936 and 1938, countless opponents and enemies of Stalin were arrested, exiled, or killed with the help of the Cheka and the NKVD. An estimated 500,000 to 2 million people were killed. Many innocent cilivans confessed crimes they were falsely accused of, after mental and physical torture just in the way the hens and other animals confessed crimes towards Napoleon.
"And the news soon leaked out that every pig was now receiving a ration of a pint of beer daily, with half a gallon for Napoleon himself, which was always served to him in the Crown Derby soup tureen" (Orwell 101).
Alcoholism In Russia
Alcoholism not only existed throughtout the country but also spread into the Soviet government. Under Stalin's rule, the state encouraged the sale of alcohol for several times. It was evident that Stalin had a drinking party everynight. Many agrued that Stalin's paranoia and brutality were the effects of his favorite drink, Russian vodka.
Five Year Industrial Plans
Stalin's plan emphasized the production of armaments and capital goods such as heavy machines. Between 1928 and 1937, the oil production doubled and the steel production increase from four million to eighteen million tons. In addition, the production of heavy machinery quadrupled. However, the costs of industrialization were heavy. The number of workers and the death rates of those people increased dramatically.
"The windmill, however, had not after all been used for generating electrical power. It was used for milling corn, and brought in a handsome money profit" (Orwell 113).
"All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others" (Orwell 118).