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FOUR VALUES IN FILIPINO DRAMA AND FILM

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Ysabelle Carreon

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of FOUR VALUES IN FILIPINO DRAMA AND FILM

FOUR VALUES IN FILIPINO DRAMA AND FILM
Nicanor Tiongson

VALUES
MAGANDA ANG MAPUTI
Spanish and American colonial regime popularized and perpetuated the value of "WHITE IS BEAUTIFUL."
MASAYA ANG MAY PALABAS
MABUTI ANG INAAPI
MAGANDA PA ANG DAIGDIG
molded by colonial experience as well
values encountered in and propagated by movies
these values and at a general world view arising from them inevitably mold the Filipino consciousness for better or for worse in an effective, if insidious manner through stories that entertain.
PRINCIPAL VALUES
NEGATIVE
encountered by most Filipinos today from
traditional dramas : stage and
screen
MAGANDA
ANG MAPUTI
Masaya ang
may Palabas
Mabuti
ang inaapi
MAGANDA PA ANG
DAIGDIG
(All is Right in the World)
(Hurrah for the Undergo)
(Shows are the best)
(White is beautiful)
STANDARD OF BEAUTY:
matangos and ilong, malaking mata, maliit ang bibig and MAPUTING BALAT
They shaped the natives' notion of aesthetics through championing mestizos and mestizas in their dramas.
contemporary movies: "tipong artista"

> all the mestizas and mestizos
get the lead roles while the native-looking
ones end up as comedians or
kontrabidas
because of this disvalue:
Filipinas undergo surgery to match Caucasian features
WHAT'S WRONG WITH THIS VALUE, THEN?
proves that we do not have enough depth and inferiority to see what makes a person beautiful.
Because white is beautiful, brown has become criminally ugly.
gives importance more on the physical beauty rather than a person's dignity and goodness.
shows the dependance of our economy on foreign business interests, such as American goods that constitute the principle obstacle to the growth of a truly Filipino economy.
TRADITIONAL
FILIPINO
DRAMAS
BAKBAKAN
IYAKAN

SAYAWAN
KANTAHAN
TAWANAN
sad and sub-literate
state of the Filipino
movies in the past and
present
refuse to do away with stereotypical hero and stereotypical traditional films
-no logical story
-repetitions
-makes box office hits because of movie stars
Tiongson said:
nothing's wrong with the entertainment, for not all art seek to entertain. However it's the kind of entertainment expressed by the tagalog word PALABAS that is being questioned.
PALABAS
creates a make belive world that makes audience forget the reality that surrounds them.
unheathy permanent escape fom ones true world
has no time for appreciation of deeper substance
shying away from truth, covering discontent leading to ignorance of the problem and possible change.
HINDERS
PROGRESS
TIONGSON RECOMMENDS:
upliftment and enrichment of concepts of entertainment, a concept that would recognize reality
HERO OR HEROINE
UNDERDOG
DEHADO
SUFFERING
SUBMISSIVE
MASOCHISTIC
molded by colonial experience
WHAT'S WRONG WITH
THIS VALUE?
MASOCHISM, the love of being persecuted (which is unhealthy feeling among Filipinos for it's conforming to Christ's teaching.
creates a notion to accept suffering even if it's unjustly inflicted on them (Filipinos) by local or foreign oppressions
Filipinos have become escapist and superficial
Suffering has become a virtue so they find no reason to end it.
this disvalue provides an escape for the Filipino from the troubles they should be facing
they don't trace the roots of their problems and has accepted it as a natural state.
Should be destroyed because:
it would negate all change and progress among Filipinos.
it would rob the Filipino of his dignity as a human being.
"ALL EVIL ARE PUNISHED AND ALL GOOD IS REWARDED."
FILIPINO MOVIES
PERPETUATED THE WORLD AS BEAUTIFUL, AS JUST AND AS DESIRABLE
WHAT'S WRONG WITH THIS VALUE?
offers unrealistic resolutions to real-life problems for these things doesn't happen in real life.
it gives false hopes to people and makes them not think of the real problems.
tradition and change
MAIN PROBLEM
ECONOMIC LIBERATION
WOULD BE MADE POSSIBLE IF:
IF AND WHEN THE MASSES HAVE OPENED THEIR EYES TO TEH REALITIES AROUND THEM AND FURTHER HAVE DECIDED TO CHANGE THESE CONDITIONS.
2 OF THE BIGGEST OBSTACLES TO THIS ENLIGHTENMENT:
TRADITION AND CONTEMPORARY STATE OF THE PHILIPPINE CULTURE ( COLONIAL AND REACTIONARY)
CINEMA AND DRAMA
Most potent communications of the values which either blind the masses or break their will to progress
CHANGE
contemporary artists should face these values squarely and grapple with them to see how they may be reshaped and may help in any way in the communication of progressive ideas that would liberate the masses.
COMPREHENSION
QUESTIONS:

1. Why do you think the cinema has risen as one of the
most popular and powerful means of mass communication today?

2. Why is Philippine aesthetics considered colonial?

3. Do you agree that the principal values found in most Filipino movies today are negative? Explain your answer.

4. Cite some of the standards of beauty in the Philippines. Substantiate your answer with examples.

5. What kind of entertainment do most Filipinos find enjoyable? What are some of the ingredients necessary for a film to be regarded as entertaining?

6. What is the concept of “hero” in Filipino modern pictures? What specific values do you we ascribe to the kind of heroes that we see in Philippine movies?

7. Discuss some of the reasons why most Filipino movies have happy endings?
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