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Amazon Rainforest

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Dusty Rider

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of Amazon Rainforest

Patricia Mincey & Destinylee Rider The Amazon Rainforest ___________________________ Vertebrates Squirrel Monkey Facts about Squirrel Monkeys Most abundant monkey in the Amazon Rainforests
Group of 100-20 monkeys
often live near bodies of water; Lakes, Rivers, Streams, Waterfalls
Eats fruits, insects,and sometimes flower necture
Always active
Adults weight 500-1000 grams(1 lb. 64 oz.-2.2 lb.)
Drink water from puddles or from tree holes The Macaw 35-50 inches long
Largest bird in the Amazon Rainforest
Eats snails, plants, insects, tropical fruits, and nuts
They mate for life only moving on when the other dies
They can copy humans and communicate between them selves The Caiman 4 meters long Nocturnal Lives in fresh water; lakes and rivers Juveniles eat mainly invertebrates (creatures with exoskeleton) Adults eat fish, reptilians, and mammals Poison Dart Frog Very active during the day Found on the ground of the forest Point for it being a bright color so the preditors can avoid it Gets it name from a south American Tride that used it poison to make poison darts. The poison comes out of the frogs skin to protect them from predators 1/2 in.- 2 in. Jaguar cutest thing ever It agility and strength helps it hunt Eats caimans, deer, and peccaries Human Impact Humans have a major impact on the Amazon Rainforest. It is loosing 137 species of plants, animals, and insects every day because of deforestation. The trees there are apparently good for timber. And that is just with the homes of animals they are taking away. That doesn't include the animals that die when the trees fall. People use chainsaws and bulldozers, and even fire. THEY USED FIRE. Invertebrates Abiotic factors Without the right amount of water and sunlight the trees in the rainforest would not be able to grow and would die. A lot of small bushes and shrubs would not be able to live here because all the really tall trees would block most of the sunlight causing a lack in sunlight to the bushes and shrubs below them. This will cause the bushes and shrubs to die. annual rainfall of more than 250 centimeters and has average humidity between 77 and 88%. Climate a very warm and wet climate. It has an average temperature of 20-34 degrees Celsius . Because this biome is located very close to the equator, it has very little seasonal change in temperature or the length of a day. A tropical rainforest biome is found in hot, humid environments in equatorial climates. They contain the most diverse range and highest volume of plant and animal life found anywhere on earth In general, tropical rainforests have hot and humid climates where it rains virtually everyday. The level of rainfall depends on the time of year. Temperatures vary through the year - but much less than the rainfall. The graph shows average rainfall and temperature in Manaus, Brazil, in the Amazon rainforest. The rainy season is from December to May. Notice how much the rainfall varies over the year - the highest monthly rainfall is in March with over 300mm, while the lowest is in August with less than 50mm. Over the year, the temperature only varies by 2°C. Location Over half of the Amazon rainforest is located in Brazil but it is also located in other South American countries including Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Bolivia, Suriname and French Guiana. Competition the Peruvian warbling antbird and the yellow-breasted antbird inhabit the same environments, their territories frequently overlap. Contact often brings the birds into heated conflict, and these species of antbird compete over both nesting space and food. However, as with many species of birds, they eschew violent conflict and employ other means to compete. Predation Jaguars will eat a variety of animals including turtles, tapirs and deer. Anacondas' diets consist of rodents, fish, birds, caiman, turtles and even larger mammals if the snake is large enough. Ocelots are active at night (nocturnal) and hunt small monkeys, snakes, rodents and birds. Poison Dart Frogs will eat termites, crickets, flies and ants. Piranhas generally eat smaller fish. Larger fish and small mammals may be attacked if there is a school of piranhas. Mutualism Capuchin monkeys lap nectar from flowers in trees as part of their varied diet. In the process they get pollen on their faces and pollinate the flowers.
Sloth hairs are grooved, which allows algae to easily take hold and grow on the sloth's fur. This camouflages the sloth and allows the algae to get closer to the sunlight. Commensalism At least nine species of moths, mites and beetles live on sloths, eating the algae on their fur. The arthropods lay their eggs on the dung of the sloths, which provides food for the growing larvae. This relationship does not hurt of the sloth, but provides no benefit either.
Flower mites which feed on pollen hitchhike from one flower to a fresher one by climbing into the nasal passages of hummingbirds and disembarking when carried to a better flower. Parasitism The leaf cutter ant parasitic fly lays its eggs only on the backs of leaf-cutter ants targeting porters who are carrying leaves. The larvae burrow into the ant's body after hatching and feed on it, killing it. For this reason, sometimes a smaller morph of leaf-cutter can be observed riding shotgun on a leaf piece to protect the porter ant, which fails to defend itself because it will not put down its leaf.
A parasitic wasp preys on fig wasps, drilling a small hole into the fig and using her long ovipositor to inject an egg near a developing fig wasp larva, which will be consumed by the parasitic larva after it hatches. ferns and trees --------------------------------------------------------------- macaws -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- jaguars ------------------------------------------------------------ python Producer Primary Consumer 2nd Consumer 3rd Consumer Limiting factors nutrients, space, mates, food, and shelter Interesting facts * The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, covering over five and a half a million square kilometers (1.4 billion acres).
* 10% of the world’s known species live in the Amazon rainforest.
* 20% of the world’s bird species live in the Amazon rainforest.
* It is home to around 2 and a half million different insect species as well as over 40000 plant species.
* There are also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the cougar, jaguar and anaconda.
* While the protection of the Amazon rainforest remains an issue, deforestation rates have been reducing while areas of conserved land have been increasing over the last 10 years.
* In both 2005 and 2010 the Amazon rainforest suffered severe droughts that killed off large amounts of vegetation in the worst affected areas.
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