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TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
Transcript of TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
Dictatorships are similar to monarchies because they are controlled by a single leader. However, dictators usually do not inherit their power through family ties. They are not elected. They gain power in a variety of ways but often with the use of military force. Some dictatorships are run by the military and are called military dictatorships. Adolph Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy, and Francisco Franco in Spain are all examples of dictators who ruled in Europe during the twentieth century.
Monday, October 11, 2016
Vol MMXVI, No. 284
What did we Know Already?
How Decisions are Made
Govern Your Classmates
Rule Them All!
Which types of government had we already heard about?
Which types were new?
Which type do we have in Canada?
Do some seem more fair than others?
Why do you think some countries have the more 'unfair' governments?
This Activity will take several days to prepare. Your group needs to govern the class like a particular type of government. Your group will need to answer the following questions:
Are leaders elected? If not, how do they gain power?
Does the government own the land and businesses of the country?
Are citizens allowed to speak freely?
Is there a constitution?
How does this government protect citizens’ rights (if it does at all)?
Is there a law-making body, such as a congress or parliament? If so, do they have real power to pass laws by themselves, without anyone to tell them it is alright or not?
Is leadership transferred among family members, such as father to son?
What is the role of the military in the government?
Give examples of countries that function under the type of government you were assigned.
Who has the power to rule?
Who makes the laws?
TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
Monarchies are usually controlled by a single ruler, often a king or queen. Monarchies most commonly inherit power through family ties. The rulers of medieval (long, long ago) England, France, Spain and Portugal were all monarchs. The rules of ancient Indian and African kingdoms were monarchs as well. Though monarchies differ from place to place and from time to time, the leader usually has a great deal of power. Rulers who have complete power are called absolute monarchs.
Who does all of the work in this system?
Who gets all the best food, clothing and shelter in this system?
Who dies if the king decides to go to war?
What happens if the King is not very smart?
Wealth: Who owns what?
Each type of government favours a particular group. Some types favour everyone equally, while others benefit just a select few.
Personal bias limits our understanding of different systems. We have a tendency to think that our system work the best. But does it?
In a democratic government, the government exists because the people allow it to. Usually, the people rule indirectly by electing representatives. In the United States and Brazil, there is a Presidential Democracy) national representatives serve in the Senate or Congress and there is a president and vice president. States and local communities also have elected representatives to the government. In the United Kingdom, which is Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and Australia, elected representatives serve in Parliament (Parliamentary Democracy) or as prime minister. In representative government, decisions are often made slowly and may involve a lot of discussion and debate.
The first communist government began in Russia in the early 1900s. Communist leaders renamed the country the Soviet Union. The government controlled the land, factories, and businesses. Communism is based on the idea that all the assets of a country should be shared equally among all the people. The government, or state, determines how that happens. In practice, communist governments vary from place to place. Generally, a powerful central government exerts control over the entire country. Some countries that have communist governments are Cuba and China.
Can you think of examples when democracy was not "Of the People, by the people and for the people?"
Do some people in a Canada or the USA have a greater say in what goes on than others?
Coastal First Nations
Many coastal First Nations groups had a monarchy-like form of government with local chiefs in charge of villages and larger chiefs controlling multiple villages or the whole nation. Rule was passed down to either the Chief's son, or sometimes his Nephew if it was more suitable. There were male chiefs (Himas) as well as Ladies-of-high-ranking (Umks) that ruled the villages. Chief names were handed down at large potlatches so that everyone witnessed what happened and could make a response.
Why do you think that the Chief might not choose his own son to rule after he was gone?
How does this model do for equality?
Traditional Heiltsuk (pre-1800)
What surprised you about world-wide wealth? Can you name any other of the top 300? How fair is our system? Can we fix it? Do we have any moral right to fix it?
1. Bill Gates (Microsoft)
2. Amancio Ortega (Zara)
3. Warren Buffett (Berkshire Hathaway)
4. Carlos Slim Helu (telecom)
5. Jeff Bezos (Amazon.com)
6. Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook)
7. Larry Ellison (Oracle)
8. Michael Bloomberg (Bloomberg LP)
9. Charles Koch (diversified)
10. David Koch (diversified)
What are some of the benefits of communism?
What are some of the drawbacks?
Why are many 'Communist' countries not very Socialist?
Dictators usually like to make all the decisions. Why is this a problem for them?
Why do they both love and fear their own generals?
Why do they fear the people?
Group Mini Activities
What was rewarding about working in a group with others?
Did some people have more power in your groups than others?
What did you find frustrating about working in a group?
Did you always agree with the group's decision?