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Social: Explore the big ideas!

By: Cindy, Trina, Giovanni, Tory, Alex, and Tiffany of 8B

Cindy Leung

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of Social: Explore the big ideas!

The End! In the "Knowledge" and "Society" aspects of Cortés' worldview, warfare in Europe involved the use of horseback riding, guns, and laying siege to the opposition, battle strategies that the Aztecs had never seen before. The European style of fighting was what contributed to the strategies that Cortés' used when fighting the Aztecs. How did Cortés's worldview contribute to the strategy he used on the Aztec peoples? If the Aztecs had the same weapons as the Spanish did (horses and guns), the Aztecs might have stood a chance at overpowering the Spanish. Something to keep in mind, though, is that even if the Aztecs were given the same weapons, there is no guarantee that they would know how to properly use them or be able to learn how to use them in a short amount of time. This means that it is very likely the Spanish would still win even if the Aztecs had the same weapons. 2b: 2c: The indigenous allies that Cortés enlisted had one main role: to act as warriors and fight against the Aztecs. They also acted as guides for the Spanish. In return for their help, Cortés offered freedom from the Aztec rule. One extremely important ally was named Doña Marina, also called Malinche. She was a slave of noble descent that was given to Cortés. She acted as a translator for Cortés because she spoke Mayan, Nahuatl (the language of the Aztecs), and she learned how to speak Spanish. 2d: When the smallpox epidemic hit, many Aztecs died and, in their weakened state, were unable to defend against Spanish invasion. This probably injured the Aztecs' pride, being unable to guard themselves from the disease. Imagine, Aztec warriors being done in by a disease! Their injured pride was probably the reason why the Aztecs didn't chase after the Spanish and instead stayed within Tenochtitlan, going on the defensive, after the Spanish fled from the city. Thanks for listening! Social: Explore the big ideas! Chapter 10, Page 235, Questions: 2a, b, c, and d By: Cindy, Trina, Giovanni, Tory, Alex, and Tiffany of 8B 2a: How might the battles' outcomes have been different if the Aztecs and Spanish had had equal sets of weapons? What was the role of the indigenous allies that Cortés enlisted? As you read in Chapters 7 and 8, the Aztec society was one filled with great pride- pride in their achievements, in their hierarchy, and in their warrior society. What effect do you think smallpox had on their sense of pride? Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning
of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning. -Winston Churchill Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Tenochtitlan#Smallpox_reduces_the_local_population Our Answer: Our Answer: Our Answer: Our Answer: To learn more about me, visit http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/ca/books/bke1/biographies/bk_template.jsp?name=malinche&bk=bke1
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