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Wicked, by Gregory Maguire

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by

Aleni Louden

on 6 April 2014

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Transcript of Wicked, by Gregory Maguire

Vocabulary
About the Author
Gregory Maguire:

Born on June 9th, 1954 in Albany, New York.
Attended New York State University
Wrote his doctoral thesis of children's fantasy
Professor of children's literature at Simmons College Center
Has 3 adopted children (Luke, Alex, and Helen)
Gay, partners name is Andy Newman
Mother died at childbirth
Lived in London, Dublin, and Massachusetts
Wicked was inspired by talk about Hitler and young crime in the London area
P.O.V.
Historical Information
Written in 1995:
Oklahoma City Bombing
Quebec defeats referendum on independence
President Clinton called for an elimination of any program that creates a quota, preferences for unqualified individuals, reverse discrimination, or continues after purpose is achieved.
First planet outside of our solar system found
The World Trade Organization replaces GATT
OJ Simpson found innocent
Published in 2009
Wicked, by Gregory Maguire
Noun

the doctrine that a person can attain a high spiritual and moral state by practicing self-denial, self-mortification, and the like.
Paean (Pg. 80)
Asceticism (Pg. 9)
Capriciousness (Pg. 81)
Juxtaposing (Pg. 90)
Noun

any song of praise, joy, or triumph.
Adjective

subject to, led by, or indicative of a sudden, odd notion or unpredictable change; erratic
Amanuensis (Pg.111)
Terricolous (Pg. 114)
Verdigrisian (Pg. 119)
Coquettish (Pg. 123)
Sfumato (Pg. 125)
Somnolence (Pg. 148)
Verb

to place close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.
Noun

a person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another
Adjective

living on or in the ground.
Adjective

to acquire a blue-green patina that forms on copper-containing metals
Adjective

(of a woman) characteristically flirtatious, especially in a teasing, lighthearted manner.
Noun

the subtle and minute gradation of tone and color used to blur or veil the contours of a form in painting.
Adjective

sleepy; drowsy.
"She suspected that beneath his righteous ASCETICISM he possessed a hidden longing for the easy life."
"Galinda, usually pleased that she knew the correct way to steer every conversation into a PAEAN to herself, was flummoxed."
"Galinda did wonder about the CAPRICIOUSNESS of weather."
"Irony, some say, is the art of JUXTAPOSING incongruous parts."
"I'm only a secretary, an AMANUENSIS - you know he can't write things himself, he can't manage a pen with his hoofs."
"The animals were TERRICOLOUS and thus of a lower order than Lurline and her retinue."
"And with all your hard work all summer, I see that you have grown, oh, shall we say, VERDIGRISIAM."
"Boq tried to fan in himselfan interest in Shenshen or Pfannee, who certainly were COQUETTISH enough."
"Her expression was hard to read, or had the monk's hand smudged, or age and grime bestowed a SFUMATO sympathy?"
"As to the power of your father to raise the missing royal child from some unsubstantiated state of SOMNOLENCE."
This story is written in 3rd person.

This is important because it allows the reader to for their own opinions about the characters and the society throughout the story without getting to caught up, or influenced, by one characters thoughts or opinions.

Example: "They seemed oblivious to their fate. But it was not up to the witch to enlighten them."
Important Characters
Galinda
This character is of extreme importance in the story. She starts off as the rich girl with bad luck as she stars off at the university where she meets Elphaba. They become roomies and eventually grow to like each other. But as the story progresses and the characters have to choose conformity or standing up for what they believe in. Galinda falls back to her popularity impulses, and just goes with the flow.
Elphaba
This character is like the counter opposite of Galinda. She was born with green skin and black hair, not quite the pretty fair skin and blonde that most people look for. She has never really fit in and even her parents haven't really loved her as much as they probably should. But Elphaba is determined to make the best of herself. She moves into Shiz University, a fairly high ranking school, and becomes roomies (by default) with Galinda. They soon warm up to each other and become friends. But later on when society tries to take away the rights of others she stands up in protest. Even if it means leaving her friend behind.
Setting
The setting in this story is entirely fictional. In the front of the book the author has provided a map ranging from the ruby infested swamps of Quadling country to the great forests of the Gillikinese.
The whole kingdom was
originally ruled by a royal
family that was believed to
just be the same magical
being reborn. This 'Royal
Family' was overthrown by
a Wizard and ruled ever since,
residing in the capital of OZ
the Emerald City.
Plot and Major Conflicts
The book starts off as Elphaba's mother in giving birth. Elphaba was born with green skin and razor sharp teeth, many people thought she was a demon and wanted her killed. Her mother though, not necessarily loving the child, could not bring herself to kill her own daughter. Her mother soon after had another child, Nessarose, and died during childbirth. Elphaba attended Shiz University, and was the roomie, and soon friend, of Galinda. Nessarose soon after goes to Shiz also. Elphaba forces Galinda to actually think about things, such as social issues, instead of just being told what to think. Elphaba also befriends an Animal working at the University and helps him in researching the difference between Animals and humans. He was going to use his research to protest the restrictions on Animal mobility but a 'freak accident' occurred. But he was actually murdered. Elphaba and Galinda eventually discover that the head mistress's servant, Grommetik, killed him. The head mistress then tries to recruit Elphaba, Glinda, and Nessarose to work for the Wizard as spies. Elphaba and Glinda run off to the Emerald City to see the Wizard themselves. Elphaba tries to convince him to stop oppressing the Animals and other people in Oz. The Wizard refuses to listen to her, so Elphaba decides to stay in the Emerald City and join an underground rebellion. A few years later, Elphaba is a member of the underground. She meets Fiyero, an old friend, again and the two develop a relationship even though Fiyero is married. Elphaba eventually tries and fails to assassinate Shiz's head mistress, and Fiyero is killed by the secret police serving the wizard. Devastated, Elphaba joins a convent. Years later, she and her presumed son, go to Fiyero's homeland. Elphaba hopes to apologize to Fiyero's wife, she refuses to let her. Elphaba and Liir, spend many years living with Fiyero's wife and her family until the Wizard's forces arrest them and kill Fiyero's wife and her family, except for her youngest daughter, Nor, who becomes the wizard's prisoner. Disguising herself as a Witch after leaving the convent, Elphaba now begins to practice magic. Nessarose, who had been the ruler of Munchkinland and a Witch, is killed when Dorothy's house drops from the sky. Elphaba returns for the funeral and reunites with Glinda, also a Witch. The two argue over politics and Nessarose's shoes, which was given to her by their father and are very dear to Elphaba, which Glinda has given to a girl named Dorothy. Elphaba has a meeting with the Wizard and learns he's from another world. She then learns that it's likely the Wizard is her biological father. Elphaba starts to go crazy and grows obsessed with Dorothy and Nessarose's shoes. Finally the Wizard sends Dorothy and her traveling companions to Elphaba's house to kill her. After a fight Dorothy 'accidentally' kills Elphaba by tossing water on her. Elphaba dies and is remembered across Oz as the cruel Wicked Witch of the West.
Important Quotes
"He fell over, almost into Elphaba's small lap. She didn't seem to notice him. Behind her was a low growl. There was a beast, a felltop tiger, or some strange hybrid of a tiger and a dragon, with glowing orangey eyes. Elphaba was sitting in its folded forearms as if it was a throne. "Horrors," she said it again, looking without binocular vision, staring at the glass in which her parents and Nanny could make out nothing but darkness. "Horrors."
Pg. 62
This quote is important because it portrays Elphaba as a kid looking into a glass and seeing the future. It is assumed that what she sees is not exactly comforting because she just mutters 'horrors' over and over.
"Elphaba undid the cord and opened the wooden box. From a pile of ash shavings she withdrew shoe, and then another. Were they silver? - or blue? - or red? - lacquered with a candy shell brilliance of polish? It was hard to tell and it didn't matter; the effect was dazzling."
Pg. 148
This quote is important because it clearly states that the shoes were NOT ruby slippers. The ruby slipper thing was purely Hollywood.
"He had sent Dorothy, locked in those shoes as she was, to kill the Witch. He had sent a girl to do a man's job. If the Witch was the victor - well, that was the troublesome girl out of the way, then. Perversely, through, in a fatherly way, he half hoped Dorothy wold get through her trials all right."
Pg. 405
This quote is important because it really shows the wizard's true nature. He sent a little girl to kill his daughter and could really careless if either one of them died. But he secretly hoped the girl, 'in a fatherly way', kills his own daughter!
Literary Devices
Simile:
Used to stress a likeness in a description (Used in the text to stress the beautiful color of Galinda's hair)

Example: "The sway of her head made her creamy ringlets (hair) swing, catching the light, like so many jostling stacks of coins."
Pg. 65
Litotes:
Used the opposite of the word to give emphasis (Used in the text to express that her eyes seemed open wide and unfocused)

Example: " "Horrors," she said again, looking without binocular vision..."
Pg. 62
Parataxis:
Used to group things together to make it easier for the reader to understand a group of events. (Used in the text to group Elphaba's services to
Doctor Dillamond.)

Example: "I take dictation ad I file and I dash to Crage Hall library and look up things."
Pg. 111
Personification:
Used to better describe an action by pairing a living action with a nonliving object (Used in the text to describe the scripts in the eyes of Boq)

Example: "In years to come - and Boq would have a long life - he would remember the rest of the summer as scented with the must of old books, when ancient script swam before his eyes."
Pg. 112
Theme
The theme of this book is very prominent. The over all theme of this book is the struggle over Good and Evil.This is shown in the struggle between the Wizard and the Witch. Also in Doctor Dillamond fighting against society.
The books that shares this theme are plentiful. Such as the Harry potter series, the Beautiful creatures series, and the Hunger games series. These books all have a main character that is fighting for what they believe is right. They also share a large group that is seen as evil and pressures the main character to conform. In these books the evil group, and usually the head of the group, harms or threatens someone close to the main character that pushes the main character over the edge into revolting.
Visual ans Symbolic Element
This image is seem on the front of the book and is a very important and symbolic image for the book. The obvious meaning of this image is that the witch in black is Elphaba and the witch in white is Galinda. But the underlying symbolism in this picture is of someone who is perceived as good, whispering to a higher authority to have them do their dirty work. This is a message from the author about his view of society.
I give this book a thumbs up. This is because after reading this book I have a totally different view on the movie, The Wizard of OZ. This book also challenged my vocabulary and was full of symbolism (which I love)
Project by Aleni Louden
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