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Transcript of Medical Testing
Henrietta Lacks, known as HeLa by scientist, developed cervical cancer at the age of 30. She has some of her cells taken from her without knowing in 1951. Henrietta’s cells were the first immortal human cells ever grown in culture.
Doctors took cells from Henrietta Lacks without her approval and used it to create the polio vaccine
This is not the only time they are tested on human organisms without consent.
July 2001, a healthy 24 year old volunteer, Ellen Roche wasn't clearly informed about the consequences and even ended fatal. Johns Hopkins later admitted their fatal experiment.
1st Century B. C. was the first known medical experiment created by Cleopatra to test the accuracy of 40 days and 80 days of determining the gender of the baby by opening the womens womb.
Some of the states that were involved in the early testing were Connecticut, Maryland, New York, Minnesota, Mississippi, and California.
There were several types of people that were used such as disabled, or mentally ill, and prisoner inmates.
Nazi Concentration Camps
Japanese Unit 731 (chemical warfare research and development unit)
U.S. Nuclear Bomb Testing (effects of radiation to a human)
1950s Mentally Disabled Children (intentionally infected with viral hepatitis)
US / GLOBAL
A doctor at Johns Hopkins took a piece of her tumor without telling her and sent it down the hall to scientists there who had been trying to grow tissues in culture for decades without success. No one knows why, but her cells never died.
HeLa's cells became vital to creating the vaccine for polio.
WHY MEDICAL TESTING?
Medical Testing was started to help medical professionals and scientists to understand courses of diseases, help prevent illness, and create new vaccines.
There are several people willing to volunteer because of the incentives are money and other benefits. Many of these people do not out way always know the outcomes of this decision.
Called the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male
Tuskegee airmen weren't being treated for syphilis or were actually injected with syphilis to see the course of the disease
They were being told that were being treated
Some thought this experiment/testing was acceptable because they were black
Today there are several cancer patients as well as healthy people that will attempt trials to discover new cures. Even though there can be several side effects many people are willing to do these treatments. Such as using medical marijuana to help with pain. Another example is chemo and radiation. These has painful and many side effects such as hair loss, but it does help through the treatments. There are three types of different trials : Randomized, Blind, and Controlled.
Signing consent forms before any procedure
Researching medical professionals practices before receiving their help
Full knowledge of every procedure.
How many people would be willing to try our red starburst that we believe has the cure for leukemia . The government has approved a $30,000 payment. It may have some side effects though.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention., 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
New York Times Company. "Johns Hopkins Admits Fault in Fatal Experiment."Johns Hopkins Admits Fault in Fatal Experiment. N.p., 2001. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
Sharav, Vera. "A Chronology of Human Research - Vera Sharav." A Chronology of Human Research - Vera Sharav. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
Skloot, Rebecca. "Rebecca Skloot Journalist, Teacher, Author of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks." Rebecca Skloot The Immortal Life Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
Stobbe, Mike. "Ugly past of U.S. Human Experiments Uncovered." Msnbc.com. Associated Press, 27 Feb. 2011. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
Veracity, Dani. "Human Medical Experimentation in the United States: The Shocking True History of Modern Medicine and Psychiatry (1833-1965)."NaturalNews. N.p., 06 Mar. 2006. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
Zielinski, Sarah. "Henrietta Lacks' 'Immortal' Cells." Smithsonian. N.p., 22 Jan. 2010. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
The Vice-Dean for Research and President wrote to the Federal Office of Human Research Protecting saying that, "Since there is no accepted or agreed upon standard in the medical research community with regard to how extensively one should search for safety information, we intend to develop and articulate a standard at Hopkins that will be applied for all investigator-initiated research projects."
This demonstrates that there are no protections that ordinary people can rely on when they become research subjects.
Medical testing/human experimentation happens worldwide and is still currently an issue that we have to face.