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Transcript of Benjamin Franklin
Franklin became a member of Philadelphia’s city council in 1748 and a justice of the peace the following year. In 1751 Franklin was elected a Philadelphia alderman and a representative to the Pennsylvania Assembly, a position to which he was re-elected annually until 1764. Two years later, he accepted a royal appointment as deputy postmaster general of North America.
Franklin helped found the Society for Political Inquiries, dedicated to improving knowledge of government, in 1787. He also became more vociferous in his opposition to slavery. He served as president of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, wrote many tracts urging the abolition of slavery and petitioned the U.S. Congress in 1790 to end slavery and the slave trade.
Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, 1706. Ben learned how to read when he was young. Even though he was very successful at the Boston Latin School, he stopped going at age 10 in order to work full-time at his father’s soap and candle shop.
Ben left Boston in 1723 even though there were still three years left on a legally binding contract with his master. He escaped to New York before he settled in Philadelphia, in which he lived for the rest of his life.
He became a soldier in the Pennsylvania militia when he was 42, but his big interest in electricity started around this time, too. His investigations and experiments into electrical phenomena were complied into “Experiments and Observations on Electricity,” published in England in 1751. He conducted the well known kite-and-key experiment in 1752 in order to prove that lighting was electricity. He invented the lightning rod and created new electricity-related terms thet we still use today such as battery, charge, conductor and electrify.
Franklin invented many great things such as bifocals that could be used for both distance and reading. He is credited with inventing the first rocking chair, flexible catheter, and the American penny. He even devised a new “scheme” for the alphabet that suggested to get rid of the letters C, J, Q, W, X and Y and that they were redundant.
Franklin was embraced in France as much, if not more, for his wit and intellectual standing in the scientific community as for his status as a political appointee from a fledging country. His reputation facilitated respect and entrees into closed communities, including that of King Louis XVI. And it was his adept diplomacy that led to the Treaty of Paris in 1783, which ended the Revolutionary War.
Benjamin Franklin died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at the home of his daughter, Sarah Bache. As a political leader he did his best during life to improve the quality of life in the United States. For Franklin, education was a big factor of life.
Many buildings, schools, libraries, and memorials have been dedicated to Benjamin Franklin.Franklin was a huge advocate for edjucation in America. He did everything that he could in order to promote edjucation and expand the knowledge of the public. This is why he was a great person, founding father, and influence on the modern day for everyone.