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Transcript of Cultural Wheel
House of Worship
Shannon M. Jones
Fort Hays State University
June 15, 2014
My family was a socializing agent that contributed to my understanding of
. I grew up in a very conservative, Christian family and my mother was my main influence on my views on religion and God. It was through my family that I formed my first opinions on religion and God, and learned to be behave in relation to my religious views. This is an example of how my primary socialization was not influenced by my secondary or adult socialization. My views on religion are still basically identical to what I was taught as a child. My family also contributed to my understanding of
. I grew up in a very poor household, but my parents taught me middle class rules in relation to speech and behavior. Because I learned the expectations and rules of a higher class, I was able as an adult to be upwardly mobile and function in the middle class once I graduated and was an adult with my own household.
Because I was homeschooled, the influences I received from my school are the same as the influences I received from my family. However, in looking at my school experience in college, I can see the school was an influence on my views on
ability and disability
. Before I went to college I had not had much experience with anyone with any type of disability. Through my interactions with children with disabilities in my practicums and classes on special education that I took, I developed my views on individuals with disabilities and how they should be treated. I believe that individuals with disabilities should be afforded the same respect and courtesy that those without are given, and that those with disabilities have equal rights. I feel that my beliefs in this area are due to what I learned about best practice and inclusiveness in college.
One area that I feel my house of worship has had influence on is my views on
. I grew up in a very conservative Christian church that has very definite viewpoints on sexuality. As such, as I grew up I carried these same viewpoints as my own. Even though my viewpoints are very conservative and counter to the views a lot of Americans hold on sexuality, they are deeply engrained in me and I feel that my house of worship was the main socializing agent for these views.
I feel that technology has been a socializing agent in my views on
sex and gender
. Although I grew up in a church that believed that the man is the head of the house and the woman is his helpmate, I believe that men and women are equals in the household, and that women do not have to always look to their husbands or fathers for guidance. I feel that my views on sex and gender have been more influenced my technology than by my house of worship, because my views on gender and sex are more in line with what is portrayed in the media today. In many movies and television shows today, women are portrayed as being able to take care of themselves and being equals in the household with their husband. This is how my husband and I approach our marriage, and I think that I feel this way because what I have learned through the media. According to Cushner, et al., what we are socialized to believe as a child can be modified by what we learn as we grow up. I believe that this is what happened with my views on sex and gender.
I believe that my various peer groups growing up were socializing agents for my
. I had friends that I went to church with, and another peer group that I did not go to church with. I spoke more politely and formally with my peer group from church, and tended to use more swearing and sarcasm when talking with my other friends. Each peer group had standards on what was acceptable in verbal and non-verbal language, and I earned what was used around me, depending on which group I was with.
My perception of
was socialized by the community I grew up in. While the community I lived in was predominantly white, there were many Hispanic and African American families living there, along small numbers of other minorities. I think that because I had the opportunity to interact with people of different races regularly within my community, I learned that no one race is more superior to another. When I was in college I lived in a community that had a large African American culture, and these individuals took a great deal of pride in their race. While learning in this community I learned a great deal more about the African American race, and any misperceptions that I had learned were changed by interacting with and working with these individuals.
My perception of my
ethnicity and nationality
were also socialized by my community. According to Cushner, et al., a part of the concept of ethnicity is the way that individuals adapt to the conditions of their environment. We have a lot of dry summers in the community I live in, and one way that the community adapts is to place the city on a water restriction. Residents are supposed to limit their water use by not watering their lawns or using water excessively. No matter where I have lived, I have always been conscientious of water use because that is how we adapted to our conditions where I lived.
Electronic media has been a socializing agent in adulthood on my views on
. When I was a child, my parents followed a medical model and allowed the expert opinions of healthcare professionals to dictate their viewpoints on health. Now, as an adult with children of my own, I have begun to use the internet to research different types of alternative medicine to use for my family. I am very conscientious of the fact that not everything that you read through electronic media is the truth, so I look for sources to what I read. However, for me it is more convenient to use the internet to look up information than to go to the library to check out books or read through journals. Specifically, I have been reading about the benefits of natural foods and remedies for various ailments that do not require the overuse of antibiotics and other medications.
My neighborhood was a socilalizing agent for my understanding of
. I knew from those in my neighborhood which areas of our location (my hometown) were safe and which were not. I learned from those in my neighborhood how to protect myself from natural elements such as tornadoes. We did not have a basement on our house, and I remember when I was a child that a few of our neighbors would let my family come to their house to sit in their basement during tornado warnings.
My views on
have been socialized by sports. It is my perception that individuals who are good at sports hold a high prestige and social esteem. I've seen athletes in the news since I was a child who were very popular and prestigious, and this was based on the fact that they were athletes. I can think of situations of athletes who have committed crimes or done other inappropriate things, and have still maintained a high social status. I would say that my views on social status were negatively influenced by sports. I do not think that it is acceptable for an individual to be considered prestigious just because they are an athlete. I feel that there are many other attributes a person can possess that contribute to their value. I think because I've seen so much value placed on sports ever since I was a child, but I never understood why.
The workplace has been a socializing agent for me in my views on
. According to Cushner, et al, the concept of age is culturally expressed by the abilities of that age group. I have learned so much about the abilities and developmental characteristics of the preschool age group that I work with. To an extent school could be considered a socializing agent on my views of age, because I learned what I know about human and child development from my college classes, but I feel that the hands on, day to day experience that I've gotten in the workplace has been the biggest contributor to my views on age.
Print media in the form of textbooks, has been a socializer for my views on
. When I went away to college and took classes on diversity and working with parents, I learned a great deal about many races different from my own. While I was growing up, my experiences with races different than my own were limited to the African American and Hispanic individuals within my community. The textbooks from the classes that I took in college taught me about races that I had no experience with. Another way that I learned about race through print media was in high school and college by reading about racism and the civil rights movement.
I feel that the arts have been a socializing agent in my views on
. I did not have a lot of experience with the arts when I was a child because my family did not have money. We couldn't afford to enroll me in dance or theater and didn't attend those kind of activities either. So my perception was that people who were a higher social class than my family participated in the arts, while people who were a lower social class did not.