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World-City Network: A New Metageography?

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Garth Halvorsen

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of World-City Network: A New Metageography?

An Intercity Global Network
Metageographic Dystopia?
Riccardo Petrella, sometimes referred to as the "official futurist of the European Union" has warned of the rise of wealthy city regions. He envisions a scenario in which the CR-30 replaces the G-7 presiding over a new global governance by 2025.
About the Authors
Metageography
World cities exist in a world of flows, linkages, connections and relations, and represent an alternative metageography of networks rather than mosaics of states.
Global Office Location Strategies
World-City Network: A New Metageography?
Jonathan V. Beaverstock, Richard G. Smith, and Peter J. Taylor
Peter J. Taylor, an economic geographer and urbanist leads the group, along with fellow geographers Richard G. Smith and Jonathan V. Beaverstock.
Richard G. Smith is a Senior Lecturer at Swansea University, specializing in the urban theory of globalization and world cities.
Jonathan V. Beaverstock is Professor of Economic Geography at the University of Nottingham
Peter J. Taylor is Professor of Geography and Loughborough University
An effort to analyze the global city hierarchy, Loughborough University scholars developed the research network known as the Globalization and World Cities Research Network or "GaWC"
"The spatial structures through which people order their knowledge of the world."
In the modern world, this has been notably state-based. However, the emergence of world-cities with transnational functions challenge this traditional state-centric view.
This alternative view is important due to an increase of IT that create a new functional space that is crucial to geographical understanding in the new millennium.
Office geographies provide insight into world-city processes by interpreting office networks as intercity relations.
This roster of world cities is used as the basic framework for studying the world-city network.
Of these, 55 were designated world based on number, size, and importance of the offices.
After collecting data on distributions of offices for 74 companies in 263 cities, 143 major office centers in these cities were identified.
These 10 world cities are distributed relatively evenly across three regions, the U.S., Western Europe, and Pacific Asia.
The most politically fragmented region, Pacific Asia, has no dominant world city, so multiple presences are needed to cover the region
In contrast to this, the U.S. market is dominated by New York, leaving Los Angeles and Chicago in its shadow.
In this new millennium, we can't afford to ignore this new metageography, the world-city network.
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