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Keyboard Assignment - Monteverdi

A composer from the Baroque Period
by

Tara Lo

on 17 August 2010

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Transcript of Keyboard Assignment - Monteverdi

Monteverdi Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi He was born in Cremona ( a town in Northern Italy), baptised on the 15th of May 1567 and died on the 29th of November 1643 (aged 76). His father was a doctor, an apothecary (makes and sells medicines) and a surgeon. He was also the oldest of 5 children. Monteverdi learned about music when he was little by being part of a cathedral choir. He grew up to become a composer, a gambist (someone who plays the Viola Da Gamba) and a singer. In 1587, he wrote a book with secular madrigals (non-religious carol) and in 1590, Monteverdi entered the service of the Duke of Mantua as a singer and a violinist, then as a music director. He became choir master in the Ducal Court in 1601. One of the earliest opera pieces he had composed was L'Orfeo, which is still regularly performed today. Background Life His compositions Monteverdi married a court singer called Claudia Cattaneo in 1599. He and his wife had three children - two sons and one daughter. His daughter died shortly after birth and in 1607, his wife passed away. Monteverdi was an incredible innovator who blended the elements of new styles to make the first Baroque masterpieces. He was the first to use effects of string "tremolo" (fast repetition of the same tone) and "pizzicato" (plucking strings with fingers) for special effect in dramatic scenes.

Monteverdi was only 15 when his earliest published works appeared and mainly focused on madrigals up until he was 40 years old. Monteverdi was well-known for establishing the foundations of modern opera and for being able to compose wonderful music - both religious and non-religious. The first great figure of Baroque music. His first opera, L'Orfeo, was performed at the Mantua in 1607 and was an instant success. People say he was the first to “create an opera out of characters who live, breathe, love and hate.”

One of his greatest works is Vespro Della Beata Vergine (Vespers of the Blessed Virgin - 1610). This is one of the few pieces of sacred music that he had composed and is one of the greatest examples of religious music. "...Each of the 25 parts is fully developed in both a musical and dramatic sense, using instrumental textures to express dramatic and emotional effect in an unprecedented manner." "The Coronation of Poppea” is considered to be his best opera. It was his last opera, written one year before his death. "This slow, unfolding narrative is rich in subtleties and ironically celebrates a triumph of evil over good with beautiful music. "

Other famous works include: L’Arianna, Il Ritorno d'Ulisse in Patri, and Il Combattimento di Clorinda. Quotes L'Orfeo “Not only the greatest musician of his own age, but the inventor of a system of harmony which has remained in uninterrupted use to the present day." “The modern composer builds upon the foundation of truth.”

“Music is spiritual. The music business is not.”

"The end of all good music is to affect the soul"
By Tara and Annabel. Savall Monteverdi The first great figure of Baroque music. - Rockstro
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