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The Han Dynasty

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Juli Martinez

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of The Han Dynasty

206 BCE – 220 CE
Western (former Han): 206 BCE - 9 CE
Background Info
Geographic Impact
Eastern (later Han): 25-220 CE
Social Structure
Background Info
Han lasted longer than any Chinese Empire
It was a great economic prosperity and cultural progress for China
Emperors from the same family ruled for 400 years.
Artistic, literary, scientific, and technological advances.
Chinese "Han" became the word for someone who is Chinese
Geographic Impact
2 main Rivers: The Yellow River (north) and the Yangtze River (south).
Yellow River: used to grow millet
Yangtze River: people grew rice, were able to eat fish, lots of fish, and water plants such as water chestnuts and lotus.
South grew 2x as must food as the north because of more people (more human labor)
Barbarian attacks in the north
China's people suffered from the Qin dynasty.
Ying Zheng died, replaced by his son Hu Hai
Signs of rebellion and the start of a war
Liu Bang led the rebel army
In 206 BCE: Liu Bang became first Han ruler
In 202 BCE Han empire was formerly established and Liu Bang became emperor officially.
Social Structure
The Han Dynasty

Early Han
Later Han
Emerged after Qin dynasty died
Expanded China's territory to a lot of Modern China.
Expanded China's power
Gao Zu was the founder of Han Dynasty.
Population/economy grew.
Wudi (his successor) centralized the government. Also, expanded the territory into Korea and Vietnam.
Restored the government but with less success.
Great families controlled the government and most of the society.
Lots of contact with the outside world
Chinese became more cynical and fatalistic leading to Taoism and Buddhism
Government was a mixture of feudal structures and central bureaucracy
Emperor was head of the government
Emperors had full control over all of China (Absolute & unlimited power).
The emperors had three counselors of state
Counselors' had main duties
Nine ministers - each assigned to head a specialized ministry
The local government was compromised of the province respectively
In the Early Han period there were 12 remaining provinces
Each was under control of a central government

Geographical Impact
Monsoon winds resulted in heavy rainfall in Himalayan Mountains and Tibetan Plateau.
Rainfall and rich sediments gave them fertile farmland.
Early Chinese civilization developed more independently because fertile areas are surrounded by high mountains, steppes, deserts, and jungles.
The dynasty was characterized by its strict social structure
Highly structured with a clear definition of each social class
Emperor was at the top of the hierarchy
Higher class - Aristocrats and bureaucrats 
Middle - Skilled laborers (farmers and iron workers)
Lower - Unskilled laborers such as servants and slaves

Liu Bang
Emperor Gao Zu
Built on what the Qin had already set up but with modified policies: especially policies that caused the Qin to collapse.
Government played smaller roles in economic policies: taxes reduced drastically.
One of the most important contributions Han made was establishing Confucianism as official ideology of Legalism.
Establishing Confucianism impacted the way the empire was run...
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Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://ancienthistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/
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Oct. 2013. <http://www.yourchildlearns.com/china_history_geography.htm>.
"Chinese Han Dynasty." Travel Guide China. N.p.: n.p., n.d. 1. TravelChinaGuide. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.
<http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/han/>. Brief overview of history +
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"Han." Britannica School Advanced. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
"Han Dynasty." Britannica School Advanced. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013. Web. 20 Oct. 2013.
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Oct. 2013. <http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-government/>.
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"Han Times." Ancient China for Kids. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. China. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.
<http://china.mrdonn.org/han.html>. Good conclusion idea... "Although outsiders call this
land China, after Qin times, the Chinese, still today, call themselves the Han people."
Easy history :)
Hardy, Grant. "Han Dynasty." World Book Advanced. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. World Book Online. Web. 9
Oct. 2013. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar244600&st=Han+Dynasty>.
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<http://www.jcu.edu/faculty/nietupski/rl251/projects/n_silk_road/history/han.htm>. "The
Han Dynasty defines Chinese culture…the Chinese refer to themselves as the "'the people of the
"The Northern Silk Road." Han Dynasty. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Han Dynasty. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.
<http://www.jcu.edu/faculty/nietupski/rl251/projects/n_silk_road/history/han.htm>. "The
Han Dynasty defines Chinese culture…the Chinese refer to themselves as the "'the people of the
Violatti, Cristian. "Han Dynasty." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Lmtd,
27 May 2013. Web. 26 Oct. 2013. <http://www.ancient.eu.com/Han_Dynasty/>.
- - -. "Han Dynasty." Ancient History. N.p.: n.p., 2013. N. pag. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web.
9 Oct. 2013. <http://www.ancient.eu.com/Han_Dynasty/>.
Wu, Jonathan. "The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Han." Three Kingdoms History: Imperial Han.
Jonathan Wu, 2002-2003. Web. 26 Oct. 2013. <http://kongming.net/novel/writings/
The end of the Han Dynasty was from 189 to 220 A.D
The dynasty was falling apart because there were too many factions fighting for the throne
Also because of internal struggle amongst the royal family
The Han Dynasty formally ended in 220 A.D. when Cao Pi forced the emperor, Xian, from his throne
When Cao Pi assumed throne, he became the emperor of a new state (Cao Wei).
The Han Dynasty ruled for over two hundred years.
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