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Transcript of History Ppt
-their execution was a turning point in Philippine History for it ushered the Reform Movement.
Role of the Middle Class
- composed of Spanish and Chinese mestizos rose to a position of power in the Filipino community and eventually became leaders in the Finance and Education. The Spanish authorities looked down upon down for they did not belong to the inner circle of peninsulares whose prerogative was to rule and govern. Two well-defined classes: Peninsulares- Spaniards born in Spain.
Insulares- Spaniards born in the Philippines. ? Indios – it is the name of the natives. But because of Governor-General Basilio Augustin, it changed to Filipinos.
Nature of Reform Movement
- it was mainly because of the dissatisfaction of Filipino men that triggered by the abuses of Spaniards
They asked the Spain to make the Philippines, a province of Spain. It wasn't for independence but to become part of the Spain and become Spanish Citizens enjoying all the rights and privileges. In this way, they'll be all immune to the Spaniard abuses and be freed in paying unreasonable taxes. The Great Reformists Graciano Lopez Jaena
Born Jaro, Iloilo on December 17, 1856
Fray Botod – a tale he wrote which was about an immoral and abusive friar named Botod.
In 1882, he attended an event called International Congress of Commercial Geography.
He died because of Tuberculosis on January 20, 1896 in Barcelona, Spain.
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
Born in Barrio Kupang, Bulakan, Bulakan on August 30, 1850.
In 1882, he founded the nationalistic newspaper Diariong Tagalog.He wrote about patriotism and the sad state of the country.
He died July 4, 1896 due to an intense sickness.
Born on March 23, 1863 in Baliwag, Bulacan
Secretary of Logia Revolution and Logia Solidaridad No. 53.
Formed with Rizal and del Pilar, the “Glorious Trinity of Propaganda Movement” in Spain.
A brilliant journalist, he assisted Lopez Jaena in founding the publication “La Solidaridad.”
Secretary General and Diplomatic agent of General Aguinaldo in Japan where he purchased arms for the Philippine Revolution.
Died on May 23, 1918 in Hongkong.
JOSE M. PANGANIBAN
Born on February 1, 1863 in Mambulao, Camarines Norte He was schooled at home by his mother, who taught him the "cartilla", "caton", and catechism.
He later studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas.
In May 1888 Jose Ma. Panganiban continued his studies at the University of Barcelona, Spain
He met other Filipino propagandists agitating for reforms in the colony.
He joined reformist groups such as the Asociacion Hispano-Filipina and La Solidaridad
He believed in instituting reforms in the Philippines, and used the pen names "Jomapa" and "J.M.P."
Born on October 29, 1866 in Urbiztondo, Binondo, Manila Filipino pharmacist & general who fought in Philippine-American war and founder of Philippines first military academy
He organized the Propaganda Movement & wrote for La Solidaridad, wrote a piece titled IMPRESSIONS and joined Masonry.
He was in favor of reform rather than revolution but after the Katipunan was leaked, he got arrested because he was "participating" in the revolution.
Born in Kalamba, Laguna on June 19, 1861.
He studied for a time in University of Santo Tomas and left for Spain to study Medicine and mastered several languages, including French and German.
At the age of twenty-six, he finished his book, Noli Me Tangere. The novel gained immediate popularity but it was banned in the Philippines because it ridicule friars for their bogus culture, all their defects and ignorance.
In 1891, he finished his second novel, El Filibusterismo, published the same year with the help of Valentin Ventura. It was mainly dedicated to the three Filipino priests who was executed.
He was sentenced to die on the early morning of December 30, 1896.
The first periodical was published on February 15 with Pablo Rianzares as financier and Lopez Jaena as editor.
It became the mouthpiece of Filipinos in Spain. It also has essays and articles about the Philippines and Filipinos. Jaena published a book with these speeches under the title Duscursos y Articulos Varios. Aims of The Sol:
- to gather libertarian ideas which are manifested daily in the field of politics, science, art, literature, commerce, agriculture and industry.
- discuss problems relating to general interest of the nation and seek solutions to those problems in high-level and democratic manner.
- pay particular attention to the defense of the Philippine's democratic rights, the accomplishment of which is our patriotic duty.
- our nation should not, must not be the exclusive preserve of theocracy and traditionalism.
Filipina The Introduction of Masonry in the Philippines, a civic society called La Propaganda was established.
On the night of July 3, 1892 at a house in Tondo, Rizal founded and inaugurated La Liga Filipina.
The members were each to pay Ten Centavos as monthly dues.
The Liga was at first active, but later on its members tired of paying their dues. The middle class members of the society believed that something could still be done by La Solidaridad in its campaign reforms, while the poor members led by Andres Bonifacio thought that there was no hope of reforms. Aims of La Liga Filipina
To unite the whole archipelago into one compact, vigorous, and homogeneous body. Mutual protection in every want and necessity.
Defense against all violence and injustice.
Encouragement of instruction, agriculture, and commerce
Study and application of reforms.