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Latin American Revolution
Transcript of Latin American Revolution
Simon Bolivar: In 1819, Bolivar's armies marched over Andes into Colombia, and defeated Spanish army.
Jose de San Martin: Led army across Andes to Chile, and freed Chile from Spanish rule.
Father Miguel Hidalgo: In 1810, called for a revolution. He marched to Mexico City, then was defeated by the Spanish Army and Creoles in 1811. -Key Events that took place during the various revolutions that occurred throughout Latin America.
1929: Partido Nacional Revolucionario (PNR- National Revolutionary Party) was formed.
1932-1935: Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay.
1938: Partido Revolucionario Mexicano (PRM- Mexican Revolutionary Party) was formed.
1952: Bolivian Revolution begins. ~Sundinista Revolution:
1823: U.S. President James Monroe issuded the Monroe Doctrine, claiming the Western Hemisphere as a U.S. sphere of influence.
1979: Dynasty was overthrown after the National Sandista Revolution.
~Enlightenment Ideas: was a cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century, first in Europe and later in the American colonies. Its purpose was to reform society using reason and advance knowledge through science. The French and American Revolutions inspired Latin America by showing that it was possible to overthrow their more powerful and controlling countries.
This would lead to the beginning of the Latin American Revolution. Most of the events that led to the Latin American Revolution were begun because of the Spainish colonization and conquering of the Latin American people. These events were:
Spain setting up colonies in the Americas.
Creoles and Mestizos grow discontented with the Spanish rule.
Enlightenment ideas spread to the Americas. This gives the people new ideas and knowledge through scientific study and experimental advancement. Revolutions begin in North America and France. This gives the Latin American people the urge to overcome their Spanish rulers.
As Spain's power weakens, the country tries to restore authority in their colonies.
Strong leaders speak out for the Latin American countries and call for Independence from Spain. Once the call for Independence was spread throughout the Americas, the people saught out to rise up against the Spanish rule in their country.
This would lead to rebellions and strong leaders like Simon Bolivar and Toussaint D' Ouverture, who would lead their people to overcome Spain and fight for their Independence. The people of Latin America were able to rise up and take back their land because they had the will to fight hard for their freedom and Independence.
They showed us that if you go at it alone, you will surely be defeated; but if you go at it together, you will most certainly triumph. Book References:
Latin American Social Classes: Peninsulares, Creoles, Mulattos & Mestizos, and Indians & Africans. Simon Bolivar
Jose de San Martin
Gran Colombia 1820-1830
Sandinista Revolution The events that played a key role in beginning the struggle for Independence between Latin American colonies and Spain. The main after-effects as a result of the Latin American Revolution. As a result of the Latin American Revolution, there was a major population decline due to the countless amounts of people fighting for their rights.
The Latin American countries were able to win Independence from Spain.
The new nations write Constitutions for their free nations.
The new countries become economically dependent.
Civil Wars break out among the newly independent countries. South America ~Fodor's
Revolution ~Nikolas Kozloff
Americas ~Peter Winn Website References: revolutions.truman.edu/