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Renaissance Art

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Iric Mawhirter

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Renaissance Art

Renaissance Art
New Perspective
Idea 2
Humanism
Humanism is based on the belief that people should be free to think about the world and that curiosity and discussions about things were better than unquestioning acceptance.In direct conflict with the Church's teachings, society starts to focus on the individual rather than the collective whole or group.

humanist: A scholar of the Renaissance who pursued the study and understanding of the ancient Greek and Roman empires. A person with a strong concern for human interests, values, and dignity.

secular humanism: secular, meaning not religious and
humanism, meaning placing the study and progress of
human nature at the center of interests.


Botticelli's "Birth of Venus"
Leonardo's "Vitruvian Man"
The Birth of Venus is probably Botticelli's most famous painting. The picture hung in the country villa of the Medici along with "Primavera", indicating that the work was commissioned by the Medici family. Venus rises from the sea, looking like a classical statue and floating on a seashell, in what is surely one of the most recognisable images in art history.

On Venus' right is Zephyrus, God of Winds, he carries with him the gentle breeze Aura and together they blow the Goddess of Love ashore. The Horae, Goddess of the Seasons, waits to receive Venus and spreads out a flower covered robe in readiness for the Love Goddess' arrival.


http://www.italian-renaissance-art.com/Birth-of-Venus.html
Leonardo's famous sketch was made as a study of the male human proportions. It was based on text written by the ancient Roman architect Vitruvius.

This iconic image typifies the mix of science and art present in Leonardo's vision of the world. It is a prime example of a mind attempting to marry together the perfect proportions of the male form and link them to nature. He believed that the workings of the body are linked to the structure of the universe itself and this work is a fine example of Leonardo's constantly inquiring mind.


The School of Athens represents all the greatest mathematicians, philosophers and scientists from classical antiquity gathered together sharing their ideas and learning from each other. These figures all lived at different times, but here they are gathered together under one roof.
Epicurus
Greek philosopher who taught in the garden of his home. His teachings favored the pursuit of pleasure as the main goal of life. (321-270 B.C.E.)
Pythagoras
A mathematician and philosopher whose geometrical theory is known as the Pythagorean theorem. Pythagoras and his followers believed that numbers were the most important elements in the universe. (582-496 B.C.E.)
Alexander the Great
A Greek military commander who united the Greek city-states under one rule. Alexander conquered Babylonia, Persia, Egypt, and other kingdoms and helped spread Hellenistic culture throughout his empire (356-353 B.C.E.)
Socrates
A Greek philosopher who developed a question-and-answer method of teaching to guide people to think logically. Convicted of corrupting the minds of Athenian youths, Socrates died after being forced to drink poison. (470-399 B.C.)
Euclid
A Greek mathematician known as the "father of geometry."

His book, "Elements," covers many mathematical topics and still serves as the basis for many modern geometry textbooks. (365-275 B.C.E.)
The two thinkers in the very center, Aristotle (on the right) and Plato (on the left, pointing up) Plato holds his book called The Timaeus.
Plato (427-347 B.C.E.)
A Greek philosopher who was a student of Socrates. Plato presented the ideas of Socrates in a series of conversations called dialogues. Plato founded a school of philosophy in Athens called the Academy.
Aristotle (384-22 B.C.E)
A Greek philosopher who was a student of Plato and one of the most influential western thinkers. Aristotle was the author of works on many subjects including politics, government, logic, and the natural sciences. Aristotle also tutored Alexander the Great.
Raphael
Raphael included a self-portrait of himself, standing next to Ptolemy. He looks right out at us.
Raphael's "School of Athens"
The School of Athens represents all the greatest mathematicians, philosophers and scientists from classical antiquity gathered together sharing their ideas and learning from each other. These figures all lived at different times, but here they are gathered together under one roof.
Linear Perspective
Using mathematical formulas, instead of just the human eye, gave artists new tools to represent three-dimensional
space in a convincing way. Renaissance paintings
began to give the impression that the frame around
the painting was a window frame, and looking at the
painting was like looking through a window.

"linear perspective"; the idea that converging lines meet at a single vanishing point and all shapes get smaller in all directions with increasing distance from the eye.
Primavera
Mona Lisa
Painting a fresco consists of painting water-based colors on freshly applied plaster, usually on wall surfaces. The colors, which are made by grinding dry-powder pigments in pure water, dry and set with the plaster to become a permanent part of the wall. Fresco painting is ideal for making murals because it lends itself to a monumental style, is durable, and has a matte surface.
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