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Transcript of The Kalinagos
CREATED BY: ERICA AND SABRAINA
Religious Beliefs of The Kalinagos
The Kalinagos shared a belief that death led to a life in another form. From this arose the belief that their live bodies could become homes for the soul of dead enemies, so eating the flesh of a brave warrior would supposedly give them the strength and courage. In raids any enemies that they killed. They would cut up the body and eat it on the spot. Prisoners that they captured were tortured and they tested the prisoners’ strength. The Kalinagos worshipped ancestoral spirits and seaspirits, but they spent more time trying to please the evil god Maboya (this god was both man and woman). Death for the Kalinagos meant a journey to either hell or heaven. Only the souls of the brave warriors went to the magical islands where the Tainos were there slaves and the cowardly souls, went to a dreary desert were they themselves are the slaves of Taino master.
The language that the Caribs spoke was a branch of the Arawakan language. The language that was spoken originated in the mainland areas from which they came. There were variations of their language found in different parts of the west indies, but they all came from the same Arawakan source. The woman also spoke an entirely different type if Arawakan language from the men. Tthis was developed as a trading language among the Kalinago men.
The Kalinagos were skilled at pottery. Pottery was made from local, red, brown and grey clays. Pots were decorated with markings from each village. They were made in the shapes of frogs, birds, or heads with wide eyes and large ears to serve as handles. They made a ring at the top of the pots to add strength and make pouring easier. They were very artistic with their pots and used the most elaborate pots as funeral urns and for holding ancestors bones or placing food in the grave.
Each clan elected a commander of the canoes also known as the Naharlene as well as the Captain (tiubtutli Canaoa) of each crew. But in the peace times, they had very few laws which was made by the village headman (trubutuli hauthe).
Kalinago Art Forms
The Kalinagos created tools made from wood, stone, bone and shells. They created baskets, fish traps, and lobster pots. They were very artistic, when it came to creating their designs.They made different patterns and gave their creations color.
The Kalnagos kept a busy trade with Tainos and with people that spoke the arawak languages. Some things that they traded were cloth, tools, weapons, furniture, tobacco, certain fruits, and precious metals.
The kalinagos were subsistence farmers. They grew food for their own needs and left little over for trade. They carried out the 'slash and burn' agriculture, which is cutting branches from trees and setting fire to them. Crops would then be planted in the ashes among the blackened tree stumps. After about five years, the soil would be exhausted and the people would clear the fresh land.
In the Kalinago village, extended families were organised in seperate villages. Carib men lived together in the village meeting house which they called the Karbay and women carried the food to them when they were undergoing warrior training. The woman otherwised lived seperately.
The Kalinago Houses
The Kalinago’s houses were made out of woven thatch reaching almost down to the ground (looking like beehives). They made the woven thatch strong and flexible so that it could withstand hurricanes. The Kalinagos slept in hammocks, but they also had beds called (amais). They used utensils that were not as advanced as the other tribes.
Leadership and Authority in Kalinago Society
Unlike the Tainos, the Kalinagos had a more complicated organization in order to give them the best leadership in their warlike society. The Village commander is also known as the Obutu. Anyone who wished to stand for election as Obutu had to have killed several enemy warriors or at least a Cacique with his own hands. The Obutu was then assisted by a lieutenant also known as Ubuto Maliarici.
Kalinagos Order Of Authority
Naharlene Tiubututli Canoa
Transportation Used By The Kalinagos
The Kalinagos basic way of transportation was by canoes, boats and rafts. They used war canoes called (piraguas). They were narrow with high prows at the front. They were easy to manoeuver and could go long distances. They also used these means of transportation to enable trade and to carry out people.
These were simple people so most went stark naked they only wore little clothing but they spent much time adoring their bodies. Only the women that were married had to be fully clothed. When the babies were born they had their skulls bound between their heads so it can elongate their neck. This also flatten their heads so that they can thicken their skulls from blows. They also painted their bodies (especially during times of war) sometimes they wore feathered head dresses and jewelry through their nose and lips. And the Kalinagos women had bracelets around their arms and legs.
Economic Pursuits of the Kalinago's
Affect of the Kalinago's World View on European Contact
The Kalinagos resettled in most of the antilles and windward islands. When the Europeans settlers arrived, they tried to convert the kalinagos to christianity. Because the Europeans spoke different languages there was a struggle with the language because they had to make out different words. Anxiety of the Europeans about the Kalinagos was heightened by their war like traits, and their religious cannibal practices. These war like people however were civalized. They were an organized society with many advanced tools, boat making, strategies and trade. Trade was established prior to Europeans arrival in the Carribean in 1492.
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