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PHARAOHS & QUEENS
Transcript of PHARAOHS & QUEENS
1353 BCE-1336 BCE
Akhenaten, a disgraced ruler, was a pharaoh in the 18th dynasty. He ruled for 17 years and died somewhere between 1336-1334 BCE. He attempted to bring about departure to traditional religion, but in the end, it was not acknowledged or approved. After his death, religious practice was gradually restored and they shunned him. After another dynasty was found, people discredited him, referring to him as 'the enemy' in their records. Interest in Akhenaten increased with the discovery of his tomb, in the Valley of the Kings. He was proved to be King Tut's father through DNA.
KING RAMSES II
1279 BCE-1213 BCE
Ramses II, as known as Ramses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the 19th dynasty. He was noted generally as the greatest, most celebrated, and the most powerful pharaoh throughout Egyptian Empire. Many of his successors referred to him as the "Great Ancestor" for he led the Egyptians on raids and claimed much land. He ruled from 1279 BCE to 1213 BCE with a total of 66 years plus 2 months as pharaoh. The Egyptians were awestruck and named him "Ra's Mighty Truth, Chosen of Ra".
51 BCE-30 BCE
1479 BCE-1458 BCE
Hatshepsut was the 5th pharaoh of the 18th dynasty ruling for more than any other female pharaoh. She was one of the most successful pharaohs for having ruled so long. According to an Egyptologist, she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed of". Although Egyptologists claimed that she was peaceful, there is evidence that Hatshepsut led successful military campaigns in Nubia, the Levant, and Syria in her early career.
1361 BCE-1352 BCE
King Tutankhamun, as known as King Tut, was an Egyptian Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty during the New Kingdom. He threw away his original name and called himself Tutankhamun, meaning 'Living Image of Amun'. He became pharaoh at a young age of nine, causing his vizier, a high official, to take charge of political decisions during his reign. One of the most significant part we remember about him, was the great discovery of his tomb in the Valley of the Kings, discovered by Howard Carter. His tomb was one of the tombs that were almost still completely intact, with no thieves and robbers who raided the tomb, which made him more known than before.
2589 BCE-2566 BCE
Khufu was the second pharaoh in the 4th dynasty, who ruled in the first half of the Old Kingdom period. He is usually accepted as having built the Great Pyramid of Giza, but many of his other aspects are rather poorly remembered. Many of his successors for some reason hand down a very negative depiction of his character. Because of this, an obscure and demanding picture of Khufu's personality remains.
PHARAOHS & QUEENS
Queen Cleopatra was known as the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, and represented herself as the reincarnation of Isis. She was related to the Ptolemies, who spoke Greek and refused to speak Egyptian. She originally ruled with her father and brothers, but eventually became the sole ruler. As pharaoh, she made a connection between Egypt and Rome that solidified her grip on the throne. She said to have been attractive to many men at that time, allowing her to influence people with power and authority to do what she wanted them to do.