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Ectopic Pregnancy

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by

DeAdrienne Hughes

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Ectopic Pregnancy

ectopic pregnancy Ectopic Pregnancy Ectopic Pregnancy: Is a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb (uterus).
The most common site for ectopic pregnancies is within the fallopian tubes. In rare cases it can occur in the ovary, abdominal cavity or cervix.

This is a life-threatening condition for the mother in which the baby (fetus) will not survive. statistics EP occurs in 1 in every 60 pregnancies. signs & symptoms etiology What are the causes? diagnosis What tests can be done to see if you have this disease? By: DeAdrienne Hughes Women who become pregnant with an IUD in place or that smoke. Women who've used the morning after pill that failed to work are 10 times more likely to result in an EP. Conceiving while using birth control pills carries a fivefold (hand full) increase in risk. Conceiving after getting your tubes tied (tubal ligation) carries a 60% chance of an EP. Is the disease common? An ectopic Pregnancy is often caused by a condition that blocks or slows the movement of a fertilized egg through the fallopian tube to the uterus. such causes include: Birth defect in the fallopian tubes. Scarring from past infection or surgery Having an ectopic pregnancy before. Endometriosis. complications of a ruptured appendix (appendicitis). Appendicitis: inflammation of the appendix Definition, prefix & suffix Append: appendix Itis: inflammation Ic: pertaining to Endometriosis: a gynecological medical condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear to flourish outside the uterine cavity. Endo: within Metr/i: uterus Osis: abnormal condition or disease Etiology Ectopic: comes from the greek word "ektopis"meaning displacement. ec: out, outside top/o: place, position, location ic: pertaining to EP: ectopic pregnancy abbreviation, definition, prefix & suffix Signs & Symptoms What are the symptoms? You may have early pregnancy symptoms, such as breast tenderness or nausea Other symptoms may include: abnormal vaginal bleeding
low back pain
mild cramping on one side of the pelvis
no periods
pain in the lower belly or pelvic area If the area around the abnormal pregnancy rupture and bleeds, symptoms may get worse Those symptoms may include: fainting or feel faint
intense pressure in the rectum
pain in the shoulder area
severe, sharp, and sudden pain in the lower abdomen Most ectopic pregnancies occur in women 35 to 44 years of age. having a tubal sterillization to become pregnant. Statistics Diagnosis a pregnancy test and vaginal ultra sound will be done. a health care provider will do a pelvic exam. checking blood levels of HCG (a quantitative HCG blood test) can diagnose pregnancy. A rise in quantitative HCG levels over 1 to 2 days may help tell a normal pregnancy from an ectopic pregnancy. HCG: human chronic gonadotropin HCG: is a hormone produced during pregnancy that is made by the developing placenta after conception. abbreviation & definition treatment Treatment What is the treatment? The pregnancy cannot continue to birth (term). The developing cells must be removed to save the mother's life Emergency medical help will be needed if the area of ectopic pregnancy breaks open ( ruptures). Rupture can lead to shock, an emergency condition. Treatment for shock may include: blood transfusion
fluids given through the vein
keeping warm
oxygen
raising the legs If there is a rupture, surgery ( laparotomy) is done to stop blood loss. In some cases, the doctor may have to remove the fallopian tube ( salpingectomy). Rupture: the process or instance of breaking open or bursting. -rrhexis: rupture Laparotomy: is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. lapar/o: abdomen, abdomen wall otomy: cutting, surgical incision Salpingectomy: the removal of one or both of the fallopian tubes. salping/o: fallopian tube ectomy: surgical removal, cutting out Definitions, prefix & suffix prognosis Prognosis What is the prognosis for the people affected? 1/3 of women who have had one ectopic pregnancy are later able to have a baby. Some women do not become pregnant again. The likelihood of a successful pregnancy after an ectopic pregnancy depends: The women's age Why the first ectopic pregnancy occurred Whether she has already had children prevention Prevention What can be done to prevent it? Most forms of ectopic pregnancy that occur outside the fallopian tube are probably not preventable. However, a tubal pregnancy (the most common type of ectopic pregnancy) may be prevented in some cases by avoiding conditions that might scar the fallopian tubes. The following may reduce your risk: Avoiding risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease such as having many sexual partners, having sex without a condom, and getting sexually transmitted diseases. Early diagnosis and treatment or STD's. Early diagnosis and treatment of salpingitis and PID. Not smoking PID: pelvic inflammatory disease Pelvic inflammatory disease: refers to infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs that causes symptoms such as lower abdominal pain. STD: sexually transmitted disease Sexually transmitted diseases: are illnesses that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of human sexual behavior, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. Salpingitis: inflammation of the fallopian tubes salping/o: fallopian tube itis: inflammation Abbreviations, Definitions, prefix & suffix A repeated ectopic pregnancy may occur in 1/3 of women. THE END
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