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Transcript of Minoan Civilization
Period 2 2600 BCE- 1450 BCE Island of Crete, Greece (Middle of Mediterranean Sea) Ruled by a king (supreme, religious leader), each city has a palace with a different king Most famous leader: King Minos Religion: worshiped mainly the Fertility Goddess (Snake Goddess) and Bull-God Believed in many other gods and goddesses= polytheistic Seen often in their art Bull- God Men and women are fairly equal. Kings= men only; many women stay at home King + royal family Farmers + traders Slaves (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr Priests + wealthy families + merchants Social Pyramid Civilizations conquered: 0
Conquered by: Myceneans Q:Important?
A: yes, acted as middle- man for trading with other countries Advanced Technology:
bronze tools + weapons
water supply + drainage system
POTTERY Crazy Facts:
King Minos ordered the Athenians (his enemies) to send him their children to feed his monster living in the labyrinth under his palace. King Minos was so powerful, they actually obeyed him for a long time. Q: Were the Minoans considered a civilization?
A: YES. We can define a civilzation as to have complex institutions, ecord keeping, advanced technology, and specialized jobs. The minoans have all of these things plus more. 1.Archibald, Zofia H. Discovering the World of Ancient Greeks. Quantum Books, 1996. Print.
2."Map of Ancient Crete." Ancient Greece. 2003. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <http://www.ancient-greece.org/map/ancient-crete.html>.
3."Minoan Civilization." Dilos. Upcom, 2011. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://www.dilos.com/location/13406>.
4.Roberts, Jennifer T., and Tracy Barrett. The Ancient Greek World. Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.
5.Schoep, Ilse. "Social and Political Organization on Crete in the Proto-Palatial Period:." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology. Vol. 15. 2002. 101. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <http://0web.ebscohost.com.sable.jefferson.lib.co.us/ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=123&sid=441347fd-3c7348259b4a6b925f1cc416%40sessionmgr111&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=7474781>.
Works Cited: End of a Civilization:
1. HUGE eruption from Thera caused animal suffication and crop death.
2. Final conquest and defeat from the Myceneans. Main Goddess Snakes