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MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Group Assignment 2a by Brodie, Margaret, Simone, Philomene and Alix
by

Brodie McKinnar

on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
Conclusion
Made Famous by.

Electric Guitars are the most popular form of electronic instruments in today's society.
The most famous electric guitar players include:
1930's - Charlie Christian
1940's - Les Paul (who created the 'Les Paul' Gibson guitar).
1950's - Chuck Berry
1960's - Jimi Hendrix

Electronic Creation
In 1906 American Thaddeus Cahill completed the Telharmonium, which is considered the earliest and most advanced electric instrument. It led to the creation of the electronic organs, synthesizers and background music technology.
Types of Electronic Instruments
Over the past 250 years there has been an overwhelming number of electronic instruments invented and created. Some of the most notable ones include:

Electronic Instruments
Brass
String
There are many musical instruments made from strings . These instruments are made of wood and strings. These strings were initially made by Gut - the sheep's intestine, but after 1946 these instruments have nylon strings. There are two types of stringed instruments , which are open strings and stopped strings. Harp, Lyre and Zither are open strings as these can't be held down, while the stopped strings can be held down and are part of the Violin or Fiddle family; the Guitar, the Ukulele, the Sitar and Veena also all belong to this sector.
Stringed Musical instruments have been played from ancient times and they have been an important musical instrument in the Bibilical times too.


Percussion
Introduction
Music has been around for many years and can be heard everywhere throughout the world. There are lots of different types of music and many different ways to make music. We have focused our research on Musical Instruments. Woodwind researched by Simone Pattison, percussion by Alix Brown, string by Philomene Selvadurai, brass by Margaret Ross and electric by Brodie McKinnar.
Woodwind
A woodwind instrument can be characterised by having a cylindrical tube made from wood or metal, usually ending in a slightly flared bell and produces tones by having air pass over a mouth hole or by the
vibration of one or two reeds in the mouthpiece.


ORIGIN
The first woodwind instrument dates back to
the prehistoric ages with the creation of a flute like instrument, being created by the process of
someone vibrating their lips against a hole in a
bone, a shell, an animal horn or tusk.
References
An electronic instrument refers to any instrument that uses electronic means to modify or produce sound.

ORIGIN
The Clavecine Électrique or the ‘Electric Harpsichord’ is the earliest recorded electronic instruments. It was built by Jean-Baptiste Delaborde a Jesuit priest in Paris, France in 1759. The ‘Electric Harpsichord’ was a keyboard instrument that used static electricity to power the sound.

1897 - Telharmonium
1899 - Singing Arc
1921 - Electrophon (Theremin)
1928 - Ondes-Martenot
1928 - Trautonium
1929 - Hammond Organ and Novachord
1931 - Electric Guitar
1957 - Modular Synthesizers
1970 - Integrated Synthesizers
1976 - Polyphon
Charlie Christian
Les Paul
Chuck Berry
Jimi Hendrix
Electric Harpsichord
Telharmonium
Crab, S 2014, 120 years of Electronic Music, viewed 18th January 2014, <http://120years.net/wordpress/>.

Crab, S 2014, ‘The Clavessin électrique at the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris’, 120 years of Electronic music, Word press, viewed 18th January 2014, <http://120years.net/wordpress/clavecin-electrique-1759/>

Crab, S 2014, ‘The 60ft long, 200 ton, $200,000 “Telharmonium III’, 120 years of Electronic music, Word press, viewed 18th January 2014, <http://120years.net/wordpress/the-telharmonium-thaddeus-cahill-usa-1897/>

Encyclopaedia Britannica 2014, Electronic Instruments, viewed 11th January 2014, <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/183802/electronic-instrument>

Maguire, J, ‘Charlie Christian’, Jeff Maguire’s History of the Electric guitar, Angel fire, viewed 19th January 2014, <http://www.angelfire.com/music2/myguitar/page7.html>

Maguire, J, ‘Chuck Berry’, Jeff Maguire’s History of the Electric guitar, Angel Fire, viewed 19th January 2014, <http://www.angelfire.com/music2/myguitar/page12.html>

Maguire, J, ‘Les Paul’, Jeff Maguire’s History of the Electric guitar, Angel Fire, viewed 19th January 2014, <http://www.angelfire.com/music2/myguitar/page10.html>

Maguire, J, ‘Jimi Hendrix’, Jeff Maguire’s History of the Electric guitar, Angel Fire, viewed 19th January 2014, <http://www.angelfire.com/music2/myguitar/page17.html>

One of the more famous, first know woodwind instruments was the Piccolo, which also means small flute.



The earliest pieces of work
that contains a
Piccolo part are
Handel's "Rinaldo" (1711)
and Bach's Cantana 103 (1725).
Types of Woodwind
Instruments
Other instruments in the woodwind
family include:
Flute;
English Horn;
Oboe;
Bassoon;
Saxophone;
Recorder; and
Clarinet.
Made Famous By
The Piccolo had it's own separate part, written for it in the finales of Beethoven's 5th, 6th and 9th symphonies.

Beethoven also gave the Piccolo significant parts in:
Wellington's Victory;
Egmont;
King Stephen; and
2 of the 10 German Dances.
Woodwind Instruments 2012,
Encyclopedia Britannica,
wind instrument early history, viewed 15 January 2014, <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/645041/wind-instrument/53806/Early-history>

Eitan. L,
The Piccolo
, A short instrument with a long history, viewed 15 January 2014, <http://www.lioreitan.com/?p=541>

Woodwind Instruments,
Britannica Company,
Merriam Webster Dictionary, viewed on 15 January 2014, <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/woodwind>

Oracle Education Foundation Think Quest, Musical Instruments
Woodwinds, viewed on 15 January 2014, <http:library.thinkquest.org/15413/instruments/woodwinds.htm>

Images Retrieved from Prezi, Insert, Picture, Web Search,
viewed on 15 January 2014, <https://www.google.com.au/search?q=piccolo+instrument&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=2DbkUvCYN4bRkgX9jYGwAQ&sqi=2&ved=0CDMQsAQ&biw=1821&bih=825&dpr=0.75
References
For Woodwind Instrument By Simone
For Electric Instruments by Brodie
References
For Percussion by Alix
References
For String by Philomene
For Brass by Margaret
References
Trumpet
The Trombone
Louis Armstrong
It is believed that the first
known trumpet was
created in 1500 BC it was used
to annouce battle
Years Created
origin
Trumpets are very ancient instruments and have been found in the tomb of King Tut in Egypt, therefore it is believed that they could be 3,500 years old! However, the modern trumpet is not nearly so old.
Brass instruments can be played louder than any other instument in an orchestra. They can be heard from a long distance. Although their early ancestors are known to have been made of wood, tusks, animal horns or shells, today's modern version of these instruments are made entirely of brass.
The most popular brass instruments are the Trumpet, the Tuba, the Trombone and the French Horn.
The trombone was called "Sackbut" which comes from the Italian words for "large trumpet", however the instrument has many German influences. The Sackbut was invented in the 15th Century
The tuba is the ancestor of both the trumpet and the trombone. The German word for "trombone", Posaune, is linguistically derived from Buccina.
Trumpet – History of the Trumpet – wikipedia encyclopedia viewed 7th January 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trumpet

Artical by Espie Estrella Music Education About.com site viewed 7th January 2014
http://musiced.about.com/od/lessonsandtips/a/trumpethistory.htm

Trombone - History of Trombone Wikipedia encyclopedia viewed 7th January 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trombone

Sackbutt – History of Sackbut - Wikipedia encyclopedia viewed 7th January
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sackbut

Oracle Think Quest Education Foundation - Brass Tuba Libary viewed 7th January 2014
http://library.thinkquest.org/5116/tuba.htm

Johan Gotfried (German Instrument maker (Enclopedia) viewed 7th January 2014
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/392431/Johann-Gottfried-Moritz

Wilhelm Wieprecht (German musician) - Encyclopedia viewed 7th January 2014
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/643340/Wilhelm-Wieprecht

History of trumpet and cornet viewed 2014
http://www.blackdiamondbrass.com/tpthist/trpthist.htm
Youtube Videos

James Morrison – Birdland Trumpet Solo at Schageri Brass festival 2011 (melK/Austria)


Louis Armstrong – Youtube – Someday (Live)
images

Google images
https://www.google.com.au/search?hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=984&bih=425&q=trumpet&oq=trumpet&gs_l=img.1.0.0l10.2788.4392.0.5940.7.7.0.0.0.0.240.1234.2j0j5.7.0....0...1ac.1.32.img..2.5.797.KakNt6NXI-g
Sackbut
Brass Instrument include:
Trumpet
Trombone
Tuba
French Horn
Euphonuim
Baritone
Trombone
Most commonly played in orchestra
are Trumpet,Trombone, Tuba and
French Horn
The Tuba was patent 19 to Wilhelm Friedrich Wieprecht and Johann Gottfried Moritz mb on September 12 1835
The trombone was originally called the sackbut developed in the 15th Century the word comes from an italian word meaning large trumpet
Harp, and Zither:-
The Harp is the oldest Musical instrument dating back to 3000 B.C which was developed from hunting bows . This has forty six strings and it is played with your fingers , while Zither originated 2000 years ago in Austria and Germany.

The Fiddle Family:-
Violin , Cello and the rest of the Fiddle family originated from Italy in the16th Century , they have four strings and are played with a bow.

Guitar, Lute and Ukulele :- The Guitar originated in Spain in the 16th Century while the Lute originated in the ancient Greek times and Ukulele originated in Portugal by the Portugal Sailors in 1879. These instruments have six strings.

Sitar and Veena:-
These instruments have strings and frets and the Sitar originated from Persia and India in the early 13th Century while the Veena originated from India and was introduced to the music world in the early 4th century.
The Sitar can have between three and nineteen strings and twenty frets while the Veena has seven strings and twenty four frets





Harpists are Maria Robles and Aoyama from Japan and in the Biblical times , the main Harpists were David and Daniel in the OLd Testament of the Bible.
Zither Player was Anton Karas.
Australian Violinists are Amanda Brown and Tharini Mudaliyar.
Cellists are Pablo Casals and Australian David Lale.
The famous Lute Player was Nigel North .
Famous Australian Guitarist s are Tommy Emmanuel and Angus young. The first Guitarist was Francis Tarrega (1852-1909).
The Famous Ukulele players are Elvis Presley, John Lennon and George Harrison.
The famous Sitar player is Ravi Shankar.
The famous Veena artists are Balakrishna and Srivani Yala.
Images
violin
Cello
Harp
Zither
Ukulele
Guitar
Sitar
Veena
Mathews.M, (2004. The Illustrted book of Musical Instruments. Joanna Lorenz.
Wikipedia. 2001, Harp, retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org./wiki/harp
Wikipedia. 2001, Violin, retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org./wiki/violin
Got a Ukulele, retrieved from www.gotaukulele.com
Harp Museum, retrieved from www.internationalharpmuseum.org
Google Images, https://www.google.com/search?site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1438&bih=639&q=google+images+musical+instruments&oq=Google+images+musical+&gs_l=img.1.0.0.6283.36728.0.38812.24.16.1.7.7.0.299.3897.1j1j14.16.0....0...1ac.1.32.img..2.22.3466.rkKN--RVOeQ#q=google+stringed+musical+instruments&spell=1&tbm=isch

James Morrison Trumpet Solo
Brass instruments are played in
orchestra's, jazz bands and marching bands.
Instruments and their Origins
Made Famous by
Types of Brass Instruments
As a group using credible online resources, we researched a vast range of musical instruments categorised by woodwind, percussion, string, brass & electric. Throughout our research we discovered that many instruments have been a part of life since the prehistoric ages.
famous
Trombomnists
Al Grey
Al Jorden
Barry Rogers
James Morrison
famous
Trumpet Players
Louis Armstrong
James Morrison
Miles Davis
Dizzy Gillespie
Famous Tuba Players
Tom Abbs
James Akins
Dave Bargeron
William Bell
Herbie Flower
Types of Percussion Instruments
The drum set is a collection of percussion instruments which is played by one musician. It usually includes a bass drum, snare drum, several cymbals, and tom toms. Cowbells and woodblocks are sometimes included.

There are many instruments included in the percussion family commonly known as "toys". These include:
Cymbals
Triangle
Gong
Maracas
Tambourine
Hand drums
Years created and Origin
The first drum sets were put together in the late 1800s. This made it possible for one person to play several percussion instruments at one time.

Cymbals became part of the orchestra around the 18th century and are played by dashing two together or by being struck seperately by beaters.

The Triangle has been used in Europe since the 14th century. It is suspended by a string and struck with a steel beater to produce a tone.

The Gong originates from the Middle East or South East Asia and by the 9th century had migrated to Indonesia. In the 18th century the Gong moved to Europe.

Maracas are often used in Latin American music. They originated in South America.
Made famous by
Gene Krupa - one of the greatest jazz drummers of the big band era was known for his flamboyant drumming style.
Franz Liszt - a Hungarian composer, included a triangle solo in his first solo concerto in 1849.
Travis Barker - Drummer for Blink 182.
Dave Grohl - Drummer for Nirvana.
Richard Strakey, stage name Ringo Starr - best known as the drummer for the Beatles is considered to have advanced various modern drumming techniques.
The Percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments.

A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater; struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against a similiar instrument.

Percussion instruments are commonly divided into two classes;
Pitched percussion instruments - produce notes on an identifiable pitch.
Unpitched percussion instruments - produce notes without an identifiable pitch.
Gene Krupa.
Triangle
Drum kit
Cymbals
Tambourine
Made famous by
There are hundred of famous brass player Louis Armstrong and James Morrison were two who really stood out
Oracle Think Quest Educataion Foundation 2014 , Rhythmic Percussion Library, viewed 12th January 2014 http://library.thinkquest.org/15413/instruments/percussion.htm
Wikipedia 2014, Percussion Instrument, viewed 15th January 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percussion_instrument
Aces and Eighths, Famous and Influential Drummers - viewed 25th January 2014 http://www.acesandeighths.com/drummers.html
Wikipedia 2014, Travis Barker, viewed 25th January 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Travis_Barker
Bio. True story 2013, Dave Grohl Biography, viewed 17th January 2014 http://www.biography.com/people/dave-grohl-279081?page=2
Drummerworld 2012, Image of Gene Krupa, viewed 25th January 2014 http://www.drummerworld.com/drummers/Gene_Krupa.html
Wikipedia 2014, Triangle (instrument), viewed 25th January 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triangle_(instrument)
The Association of Friends of the Municipality of Agios Nikolaos Philharmonic 2006, Image of Cymbal, viewed 25th January 2014 http://filfan.gr/?page_id=2
Wikipedia 2013,
Drum Kit
, viewed 25th January 2014 http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drum_kit
Full transcript