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Shame of the Nation: Chapters 1 and 2
Transcript of Shame of the Nation: Chapters 1 and 2
"Almost three fourths of black and Latino students attend schools that are predominantly minority" (19)
"In Los Angeles, there is a school that bears the name of Dr. King, 99 percent black and hispanic, and another in Milwaukee where black children also make up 99 percent of the enrollment" (24) So what is Kozol trying to say? Segregation has not improved over the years
Minority students are not truly incorporated with white students based on the high percentages in minority schools
Dr. King was a person who tried to eliminate segregation, so it is a shame to see a school with his name on it being extremely segregated.
This problem of segregation is close to home, it happens in areas near us. So why is segregation so negative? "A segregated inner city school is 'almost six times as likely' to be a school of concentrated poverty as is a school that has an overwhelmingly white population" (20)
"Segregated schools like Martin Luther King are often tense, disorderly, and socially unhappy places..." (26)
"To separate black children from white children of their age and qualifications on the basis of their race, the court went on, "generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone..." (29) So what is Kozol trying to say? Because of the high poverty rate in these schools, it is likely that these children do not have the proper tools to learn such as updated technology or textbooks.
If students are in an uncomfortable environment, they will be less likely to be able to focus on their learning and education.
If a child feels inferior or lesser, their self confidence is lower which means they do not think they can accomplish all of their goals. Attempts to boost confidence of children "...the entire student body stood and changed "I have confidence that I can learn!" exactly 30 times." What Kozol is trying to say "One of the reasons for these incantations in the schools that serve black and Hispanic children is what is believed to be the children's loss of willingness to try, their failure to believe they have the same abilities as do white children in more privileged communities" (35)
This means that he thinks that black and hispanic children are brought down because they do not think they have the same abilities as the richer children. In reality however, if these children are confident in themselves, they can achieve just as much as these other children. Kozol's conclusions "It is harder to convince young people that they can learn when they are cordoned off by a society that isn't sure they really can" (37)
Here Kozol is concluding that it is difficult for these children to learn, if they are constantly being discouraged by the society around them. Summary In Chapter 2, Kozol is expressing the fact money is an issue in schools and not every kid is treated equally. Kozol states that private schools get more money than public schools do. He is saying that private school children are "worth more" than ones that go to public schools. He is also saying that public school children know they are not treated fairly. Money Problems Equality with all kids? "These are the kids that we don't value." (43)
"There are cheap children and there are expensive children...just as there are cheap women and expensive women." (49)
"Inequality is not an intentional thing..." (48)
"It starts during their infant years and toddler years when hundreds of thousands of children in low-income neighborhoods are locked out of the opportunity for preschool education for no reason but the accident of birth and budgetary choices of the government, while children of privileged are often given veritable feasts of rich developmental early education." (49-50) The children know... Elizabeth: 3rd grader in the Bronx
"It is not fair that other kids have a garden and new
things. But we don't have that..I wish that this school
was the most beautiful school in the whole why world." (40) Alliyah: 3rd grader in the Bronx
"You have all the thing and we do not have all the thing...
Can you help us?" (39) Discussion Questions What a Child is Worth New York City Public School 1998: $8,000
White suburb in New York 1998: $12,000
Wealthiest suburb in New York 1998: $18,000
Current Spending per-pupil
New York City schools: $11,700
Well-off Suburb schools: $22,000 Upper West Side Manhattan: $50,000
Park Slope, Brooklyn: $100,000
Another neighborhood: $1,000,000
Low-income Immigrant community: $4,000
Upper East Side Manhattan: $200,000 South Bronx:
$18,000 babies Price Tags 1. As a teacher, what could you do to try to improve the problem with low income classrooms?
2. If you were in one of these schools, what would you do to try and encourage these students to be motivated to learn?
3. Why do you think society looks so poorly on minority children, and do you agre or disagree with them?
4. How would you feel as a teacher if you were put in one of the "low-income" public schools?
5. As a teacher, how would react if your students asked you why other schools had nicer things than their school?
6. How do you think, as a student, you would be affected academically if you knew that you were a "cheap child" Expectations "Would never happen to white children" (41) Head Start Federal Program
Created by Congress
Expanded opportunities for low income families
40% 3-4 year old students who qualified to be
"Head Start" were denied High Stakes Tests Used to determine who gets to move to the next level
Taken in 3rd grade
Children who have had more schooling are twice as likely to pass than those who have been denied the opportunity
Those denied the opportunity still held accountable for the tests Conclusion "We wouldn't play Little League this
way..We'd be embarrassed. We would
feel ashamed." (55)
Can afford to give clean places, but refuse
"Keeping them at a distance makes it easier." (62) Works Cited Kozol, Jonathan. The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America. New York: Crown, 2005. Print.
Blue Valley School District, Jeremiah Watkins, and Devin Ruis. "Public School State of Mind." YouTube. YouTube, 24 Sept. 2012. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. Hidden Money "A good deal of private money, moreover, as The Times observed, was
'being collected under the table'
because parents sometimes feared that they would otherwise be forced
to share these funds with other schools." (48)